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3a  Allen, Jim. Personal communication;

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4   Allen, John Logan. Passage Through the Garden. Urbana, Ill., 1975.

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6   ___. The Illinois Country, 1673-1818. Springfield, 1920.

7    Alvord, Clarence Walworth, ed. “Laws of the Territory of Illinois, 1809-1811.” Bulletin of the Illinois State Historical Library 1, no. 2, 1906.

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9   ___. “Cahokia Records, 1778-1790.” Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library 2, 1907.

9a  ___. See also Illinois Centennial Association.

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10a American State Papers: Public Lands, Vols. 1, 2, 3. Washington, D.C.: Gales & Seaton, 1834.

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14 Andreas, Alfred Theodore, ed. History of Milwaukee. Chicago: The Western Historical Company, 1881.

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16 Angle, Paul McClelland, ed. Prairie State, Impressions of Illinois 1673-1967 by Travellers and Other Observers. Chicago, 1968.

17 ___. “Michael Diversey and Beer in Chicago.” Chicago History 8, no. 11, spring 1969, pp. 321-26.

18  Apostol, Lucia. Chicago`s Riverfront: Its Early History in Maps. Chicago, 1990.

18a Armour, David, and Keith Widder. At the Crossroads. Mackinac Island, Mich., 1978.

19 Armstrong, P.A. The Piaza or the Devil among the Indians. Morris, Ill., 1887.

20 Arnold, Hon. Isaac N. “Address of November 19, 1868, to the Chicago Historical Society, Giving a History of the Society and its Acquisitions up to that Time, with Incidents in the Lives of Abraham Lincoln and Major Anderson; also, of Luther Haven, George Manierre, and other early Settlers of Chicago.” Fergus Historical Series 10, 1877.

21  ___. “Recollections of Early Chicago and the Illinois Bar. Read Before the Chicago Bar Association on June 10, 1880.” Fergus Historical Series 22, 1882.

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23  Atkinson, Eleanor. The Story of Chicago and National Development, 1534-1910. Chicago, 1903.

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28 Bailey, Robert E., and Elaine Shemoney Evans. Early Chicago 1833 to 1871, a Selection of City Council Proceedings Files. Springfield, 1986.

29 Baird, Elizabeth Thérèse. “Reminiscences of Early Days on Mackinac Island.” Wisconsin Historical Collections 14, 1898.

29a Baker, Horace Mann.

30 Balesi, Charles J. The Time of the French in the Heart of North America, 1673-1818. Chicago, 1992.

31 Balestier, Joseph N., Esq. “The Annals of Chicago: A Lecture Delivered Before the Chicago Lyceum, January 21, 1840.” Fergus Historical Series 1, 1876.

32 Ball, Rev. T.H., A.M. Lake County, Indiana · From 1834-1872. Chicago, 1873.

33 Ballance, Charles. The History of Peoria, Illinois. Peoria, 1870.

33a Ballantine, Betty, and Ian Ballantine, eds. The Native Americans · An Illustrated History. Atlanta, Ga., 1993.

34 Bancroft, George. History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent. 10 vols. Boston, 1834-1874.

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37 Bateman, Newton, LL.D.; J. Seymour Currey; and Paul Selby, A.M.; eds. Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois, with Commemorative Biographies. Chicago, 1926.

37a Bates, Hon. George C. “By-Gones of Detroit.” Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society Collections 22, 1894, pp. 305-404.

38 Bayliss, Clara Kern. “The Significance of the Piasa.” Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society 13, 1908, pp. 114-22.

39 Beatty, William K. “ESK – A Medical Original.” Proceedings of the Institute of Medicine, Chicago 33, 1980.

40 ___. [William Bradshaw Egan] “A Perfect Irish Gentleman.” Proceedings of the Institute of Medicine, Chicago 36, 1983.

41 Beaubien, Emily. Autobiographical typescript. Archives of Sterling Morton Library, Morton Arboretum. Lisle, Ill., n.d.

42 Beaubien, Frank G. “The Beaubiens of Chicago.” Catholic Historical Review 2, July 1919-January 1920.

43 Beaubien, Madore. “Interview with Madore Beaubien.” Chicago Times, May 16, 1882.

44 Beck, Lewis Caleb. Gazetteer of the States of Illinois and Missouri. Albany, N.Y., 1823.

45 Beckwith, Hiram Williams. The Illinois and Indiana Indians. Chicago, 1884.

46 Beckwith, Hiram Williams, ed. Collections of the Illinois State Historical Society 1, 1903.

47  Beecher, W.J. The Chicago Prairie. The Chicago Academy of Science. Chicago, n.d.

48 Beers, J.S. & Co., publisher. History of the Great Lakes. Two vols. Chicago, 1899.

48a Beese, Earl J., and Barbara Beese, ed. “Our Trip West.” Chicago Genealogist 31, no. 4, Summer 1999, pp. 128-132.

48b Beese, Earl J. “The Greenwood Brothers in Chicago 1835.” Chicago Genealogist 33, no. 4, Summer 2001, pp. 133-139.

48c ___. Personal communication from a descendant of the Greenwood and Woodworth families, 2005.

49 Beeson, Lewis. Upper Great Lakes · Places of Significance in the Life of Father Jacques Marquette. St. Ignace, Wis., 1966.

50 Beggs, Rev. Stephen R. Pages From the Early History of the West and Northwest, &c;. Cincinnati, 1868.

50a Bélanger, Claude. Quebec History;

51 Benedetti, Rose Marie and Virginia C. Bulat. Portage, Pioneers, and Pubs – A History of Lyons, Illinois. Chicago, 1963.

51a Benedetti, Rose Marie. A Village On The River · 1888-1988 · A History of Lyons, Illinois in Celebration of the Centennial of Its Incorporation. Oak Park, Ill., 1988.

52 Bennett, R.J. Letter to Rufus Blanchard. Chicago, 1880.

53 Benton, Colbee Chaimberlain. A Visitor to Chicago in Indian Days – “Journal to the `Far-Off West`.” Edited by Paul M. Angle and James R. Getz, The Caxton Club. Chicago, 1957.

53a ___. “Young Chicago.” Chicago Daily Tribune, May 24, 1875.

54 Bernou, Abbé Claude. “Relation of the Discoveries and Voyages of the Sieur de La Salle in 1679-1681.” MS, Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, 1682.

54a Bernstein, Barbara. “Federal Art in Illinois” [a listing of existent public art created during the 1930s, Feb. 15, 1976; Harold Washington Library, Chicago].

55 Berry, Brian J.L. Chicago: Transformation of an Urban System. Cambridge, Mass., 1976.

55 Biemer, John. “Mastodon Molars Surface in Dupage.” Chicago Tribune October 5, 2005.

55a Bigelow, Ellen. “Letters Written By A Peoria Woman In 1835.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 22, July 1929, pp. 335-53.

56 Birkbeck, Morris. Notes on a Journey in America, from the Coast of Virginia to the Territory of Illinois. 4th ed. London, 1818.

56a Bjorklund, Richard. Pioneer Settler Conrad Sulzer. Chicago, 1998.

57 Blair, Emma Helen. Indian Tribes of the Upper Mississippi Valley and the Region of the Great Lakes. 2 vols. Cleveland, 1912. Reprint, New York, 1969.

58 Blanchard, Rufus. Discovery and Conquest of the Northwest, with the History of Chicago. 2 vols. Wheaton, Ill., 1879, 1881, 1898.

58a ___. Discovery and Conquests of the Northwest · Including the History of Chicago, Detroit, Vincennes, St. Louis, Ft. Wayne, Prairie du Chien, Marietta, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Etc., Etc. · And Incidents of Pioneer Life in the Region of the Great Lakes and the Mississippi Valley. Chicago, 1880.

59 ___. History of Illinois. Chicago, 1883.

59a Blasingham, Emily J. “Indians of the Chicago Area.” Chicago Area Archaeology, Illinois Archaeology Survey No. 3 (1961): 163-173.

60 Blodgett, Israel P. “Reminiscences of an Early Settler.” Memories collected by his daughter Corac. Downers Grove Historical Society, n.d.

61 Blodgett, Henry W. Autobiography of Henry W. Blodgett. Waukegan, 1906.

61a Bluhm, Elaine A., and Allen Liss. “The Anker Site.” Chicago Area Archaeology, Illinois Archaeology Survey No. 3 (1961): 89-138.

62 Bodmer, Karl. Illustrations to Maximilian Prince of Wied`s Travels in the Interior of North America. London, 1844.

63 Boggess, Arthur Clinton. The Settlement of Illinois 1778-1830. Chicago, 1908.

64 Bohlen, H. David. The Birds of Illinois. Bloomington/Indianapolis, 1989.

65 Bonner, Thomas Neville. “The Social and Political Attitudes of Midwestern Physicians 1840 to 1940: Chicago as a Case History.” Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 8, no. 2, 1953.

66 ___. Medicine in Chicago, 1850-1950. Madison, 1957.

67 Bossu, N. Nouveaux voyages aux Indes Occidentales. Paris, 1768.

67a Bowman, Dr. Harold L., ed. The First Presbyterian Church of Chicago · 1833-1958. Chicago, 1958.

68 Boyd, Stephen G. Indian Local Names. York, Pa., 1885.

69 Brennan, George A. “De Linctot, Guardian of the Frontier.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 10, 1917.

70 ___. The Wonder of the Dunes. Indianapolis, 1923.

71 Brice, Wallace A. History of Fort Wayne. Fort Wayne, Ind., 1868.

71a Bristol, Mary Ann Brevoort Wisconsin State Historical Collections 8:293 (1879)

72 Bross, William. History of Chicago; Historical and Commercial Statistics, Sketches, Facts and Figures, Republished from the “Daily Democrat Press”; What I remember of Early Chicago. A Lecture, Delivered in McCormick`s Hall, January 23, 1876. Chicago, 1876.

73 ___. History of Chicago. 2nd ed. Chicago, 1880.

74 Brown, Franz L. Report of memoirs of Mrs. Callis, daughter of the first Indian agent, Charles Jowett, located at Chicago, 1810-1815. Newberry Library. Chicago, 1914.

75 Brown, George W. See Rousseau, Jacques, and George W. Brown.

76 Brown, G.P. Drainage Channel and Waterway – A History of the Effort to Secure an Effective and Harmless Method for the Disposal of the Sewage of Chicago, and to Create a Navigable Channel between Lake Michigan and the Mississippi River. Chicago, 1894.

77 Brown, Henry. “Present and Future Prospect of Chicago: An Address Read Before the Chicago Lyceum, January 20, 1846.” Fergus Historical Series 9, 1876.

78 ___. The History of Illinois, from its First Discovery and Settlement to the Present Time. New York, 1844, 1884.

79 Brown, Lloyd A., and Howard H. Peckham, eds. Revolutionary War Journals of Henry Dearborn, 1775-1783. Chicago, 1939.

80 Brown, Samuel R. The Western Gazetteer; or Emigrant`s Directory, Containing a Geographical Description of the Western States and Territories, viz. the States of Kentucky, Indiana, Louisiana, Ohio, Tennessee and Mississippi: and the Territories of Illinois, Missouri, Alabama, Michigan, and North-Western. With an Appendix, Containing some of the Western Counties of New-York, Pennsylvania and Virginia; a Description of the Great Northern Lakes; Indian Annuities, and Directions to Emigrants. Auburn, N.Y., 1817.

81 Brown, William Hubbard. The Early History of the State of Illinois. A Lecture Delivered Before the Chicago Lyceum, on the Eighth Day of December 1840. Chicago, 1840.

82 ___. “Early Movement in Illinois for the Legalization of Slavery: An Historical Sketch Read at the Annual Meeting of the Chicago Historical Society, December 5, 1864.” Fergus Historical Series 4, 1876.

83 Bryson, Charles Lee. See Gilbert, Paul, and Charles Lee Bryson.

84 Buck, Solon Justus. Travel and Description 1765 to 1865, together with a List of County Histories, Atlases, and Biographical collections and a List of Territorial and State Laws. Springfield, 1914.

85 ___. Illinois in 1818. Chicago, 1918.

85a Buck, Solon Justus, ed. Pioneer History of Milwaukee. Milwaukee, 1890.

86 Buettinger, Craig. “The Rise and Fall of Hiram Pearson: Mobility on the Urban Frontier.” Chicago History 9, no. 2, 1980.

87 Buisseret, David. “The Coming of the Grid: Cartographers` Views of the Heartland.” Lecture given at the Newberry Library, Chicago, January 16, 1988.

88 ___. From Sea Charts to Satellite Images. Chicago, 1990.

89 ___. Historic Illinois from the Air. Chicago, 1990.

90 ___. Mapping of the French Empire in North America. Chicago: Newberry Library, 1991.

91 ___. See also Karrow, Robert W., and David Buisseret.

92 Bulat, Virginia C. See Benedetti, Rose Marie and Virginia C. Bulat.

93 Buley, R. Carlyle. The Old Northwest Pioneer Period 1815-1840. Vol. 1. Bloomington, Ind., 1957.

93 Bull, Alfred. The township of Jefferson, Ill. and “Dinner-Pail Avenue,” from mastodon to man whether red, white, black or piebald. Illustrated by Mr. Colby. Irving Park, Ill., 1911. [Grandfather of Evelyn Marting and Dorothy Marting Sego]

94 Burden, Philip D. The Mapping of North America. Rickmansworth, Hertfordshire, England, 1996.

95 Burnet, Jacob. Notes on the Early Settlement of the North-Western Territory. Cincinnati, 1847.

95a Burnett, William. Daybook, 1800.

96 Bushnell, George D. “Chicago`s Rowdy Firefighters.” Chicago History 2, no. 4, 1973, p. 232.

96a ___. Wilmette: a history. Wilmette, Ill., 1976.

97 Bushnell, William H. “Biographical Sketches of some of the Early Settlers of Chicago, Part 1: S. Lisle Smith, George Davis, Dr. Phillip Maxwell, John J. Brown, Richard L. Wilson, Col. Lewis C. Kercheval, Uriah P. Harris, Henry B. Clarke, and Sheriff Samuel J. Lowe.” [Fergus Historical Series 5] “Part 2: William H. Brown, B.W. Raymond, Esq., with Portrait, J. Young Scammon, Charles Walker, Thomas Church.” Fergus Historical Series 6, 1876.

97a Buszard-Welcher, Dr. Laura. Etymologist; personal communication.

98 Butler, Charles. “William B. Ogden and Early Chicago: An Address delivered in 1881.” William B. Ogden Papers. Chicago Historical Society.

99 Butt, Ernest. Chicago Then and Now, a Pictorial History of the City`s Development and a Reprint of the First City Directory Published in Chicago in 1844 by J.W. Norris. Aurora, Ill., 1933.

100 Butterfield, Consul Willshire. History of the Discovery of the Northwest by John Nicolet in 1634, with a Sketch of his Life. Cincinnati, 1881.

101 Cadillac, Sieur de Lamothe, and Pierre Liette. Memoirs: The Western Country in the 17th Century. Edited by Milo M. Quaife. Chicago, 1947.

102 Caldwell, Billy. Billy Caldwell Papers. Chicago History Museum.

103 Caldwell, Norman W. “The Frontier Army Officer, 1794-1814.” Mid-America 37, April 1955.

104 ___. “The Enlisted Soldier at the Frontier Post.” Mid-America 37, October 1955.

105 ___. “Civilian Personnel at the Frontier Military Post (1790-1814).” Mid-America 38, April 1956.

105a Calumet Club of Chicago, The. Early Chicago – Reception to Settlers, prior to 1840. Chicago, 1879.

105aa Campeau, Lucien. “Cartes relatives à la découverte du Missisipi par le P. Jacques Marquette et Louis Jolliet.” Cahiers des Dix vol. 47:43-47, 1992.

106 Carbutt, John. Biographical Sketches of the Leading Men of Chicago. Chicago,1868.

106a Carey, Henry Charles. See bibliographic number [428]: Lea, Isaac, and Henry Charles Carey.

107 Carriel, Mary Turner. Jonathan Baldwin Turner. Jacksonville, Ill., 1911; Urbana, Ill., 1961.

108 Carter, Clarence Edwin. Great Britain and the Illinois Country, 1763-1774. New York, 1910.

109 Carter, Clarence Edwin, ed. “The Territory of Illinois, 1809-1814,” The Territorial Papers of the United States. Vol. 16. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948.

110 ___. See Alvord, Clarence Walworth, and Clarence Edward Carter, eds.

111 Carver, Jonathan. Travels through the Interior Parts of North America in the Years 1766, 1767, and 1768. London, 1781.

112 Casas, Don Bartholomew, de las. Newe Welt. Warhafftige Anzeigung Der Hispanier grewlichen abschewlichen und unmenschlichen Tyranney von ihnen inn den Indianischen Ländern so gegen Nidergang der Sonnen gelegen und die Newe Welt genennet wird begangen… Jetzt aber erst ins Hochdeutsch durch einen Liebhaber dess Vatterlands…. Frankfurt, 1597. [original Spanish ed.: Brevissima Relation, 1552]

113 Casas, Bartolomé, de las. Diario de Colon: Libro de la Primera Navegacion y Descubrimiento de las Indias. Transcribed by Carlon Sanz. Madrid, 1957-1958.

114 Cass, Lewis. Considerations of the Present State of the Indians, and their Removal to the West of the Mississippi. Boston, 1828.

115 Castelnau, Francis, comte de. Vues et Souvenirs de L`Amerique du Nord. Paris, 1842.

116 Catlin, George. Illustrations of the Manners, Customs, and Conditions of the North American Indians: in a Series of Letters and Notes, written during eight Years of Travel and Adventure among the Wildest and most Remarkable Tribes now existing. 5th ed. London, 1845.

117 ___.Souvenir of the North American Indians. London, 1852.

118 Catlin, George B. “Oliver Newberry.” Michigan History Magazine 18, 1934.

119 ___. “Early Settlement in Eastern Michigan.” Michigan History Magazine 26, 1942.

119a Caton, John Dean, LL.D. Reminiscences. Chicago, 1869.

120 Caton, John Dean, LL.D.. Miscellanies. Contains “The Last of the Illinois, and a Sketch of the Potawatomies”; “Old Chicago – Reply, on behalf of the Old Settlers of Chicago to the Welcome given by the Calumet Club, at its Reception, May 27, 1879”; “American Cervus”; “The Wild Turkey and its Domestication”; “Origin of the Prairies” and others. Boston, 1880.

121 ___. Early Bench and Bar of Illinois. Chicago, 1893.

122 Cauthorn, Henry Sullivan. A History of the City of Vincennes, Indiana from 1702 to 1901. Terre Haute, Ind., 1902.

123 Cavanagh, Helen M. Funk of Funk`s Grove. Bloomington, Ill., 1952.

123a Cawiezel, Marilyn W. “Lisle, the Arboretum Village,” in Richard A. Thompson and Contributors` DuPage Roots, DuPage County Historical Society, 1985.

124 Celeste, Sister Mary. “The Miami Indians Prior to 1700.” Mid-America 16, April 1934.

125 Chamberlin, Everett. Chicago and Its Suburbs, Illustrated. Chicago, 1874.

126 ___. See Colbert, Elias, and Everett Chamberlin.

126a Chambers, J.S., M.D. The Conquest of Cholera · America`s Greatest Scourge. New York, 1938.

127 Champlain, Samuel de. Les Voyages de la Nouvelle France Occidentale, Dicte Canada, Fait Par le Sr. De Champlain…. Paris, 1632.

128 Charlevoix, Pierre François Xavier de. Histoire et description generale de la Nouvelle France, avec le Journal historique d`un Voyage fait par ordre du Roi dans l`Amerique Septentrionale. 3 vols. Paris, 1744.

129 ___. History and General Description of New France by the Rev. P.F.X. de Charlevoix, S.J. Translated and edited by John G. Shea. New York, 1866-1872.

130 Chastellux, François Jean, marquis de. Voyages dans l`Amerique Septentrionale, dans les années 1780, 1781 & 1782. Paris, 1788-1791.

131 Chesnel, Paul. Histoire de Cavelier de La Salle; Exploration et Conquete du Bassin du Mississipi…. Paris, 1901.

131a Chicago City Directory 1843.

132 Chicago City Directory 1844. Chicago, 1903.

133 Chicago Department of Development and Planning. Historic City/The Settlement of Chicago. Chicago, 1976.

134 Chicago Genealogical Society, The. List of Letters Remaining in the Post Office · Chicago and Vicinity · January 1834-July 1836. Chicago, 1970.

135 ___. Vital Records from the Chicago Newspapers · 1833-1839. Chicago, 1971.

136 Chicago in Periodic Literature, A Summary of Articles. Compiled by the Workers of the Writers` Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Illinois. Vol. 1. Chicago, 1940.

136a Chicago Magazine, 1857.

137 Chicago Medical Society, ed. History of Medicine and Surgery and Physicians and Surgeons of Chicago. Chicago, 1922.

138 “Chicago`s Quest for Pure Water.” Chicago Tribune, January 2, 1900.

139 Childs, Ebenezer. “Recollections of Wisconsin since 1820.” Wisconsin Historical Collections 4, 1859.

139a Christian, Shirley. Before Lewis and Clark. New York, 2004.

140 Christopher, Louise W. Hoofbeats on the Prairie, The Story of a Saddlebag Preacher. Evanston, Ill., 1987.

140a Church, Charles A. History of Rockford and Winnebago County Illinois · From the First Settlement in 1834 to the Civil War. Rockford, Ill., 1900.

141 Church, Jeremiah. Journal of Travels, Adventures, and Remarks of Jerry Church. Harrisburg, Pa., 1845, 1933.

142 Clark, George Rogers. The Conquest of the Illinois. Chicago, 1920.

143 Clark, William. See Lewis, Meriwether, and William Clark.

144 Clayton, John. The Illinois Fact Book and Historical Almanac, 1673-1968. Carbondale, Ill., 1970.

144a Clayton, Lawrence A., Vernon James Knight, Jr. and Edward C. Moore, eds. The De Soto Chronicles: The Expedition of Hernando de Soto to North America in 1539-1543 Vol. 2; University of Alabama Press, 1995.

145 Cleaver, Charles, Esq. “Reminiscences of Early Chicago (1833).” Fergus Historical Series 19, 1882.

146 ___. A History of Chicago from 1833 to 1892. Chicago, 1892.

147 Clermont, Alexis. “Narrative of Alexis Clermont.” Wisconsin Historical Collections 15, 1900.

148 Clifton, James A. The Prairie People: Continuity and Change in Potawatomi Indian Culture 1665-1965. Lawrence, Kans., 1977, 1998.

149 ___. “Captain Billy Caldwell`s Exile in Early Chicago.” Chicago History 6, no. 4, Winter 1977-78, pp. 218-28.

149a ___. “Merchant, Soldier, Broker, Chief; A Corrected Obituary of Captain Billy Caldwell.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 71, no. 3, August 1978, pp. 185-210.

150 ___. “Chicago, September 14, 1833: The Last Great Indian Treaty in the Old Northwest.” Chicago History 9, no. 2, Summer 1980, pp. 86-97.

150a Clough, Joy. “Chicago’s Sisters of Mercy.” Chicago History 32, no. 1, Summer 2003.

151 Cobb, Charles E., Jr. “The Great Lakes` Troubled Waters.” National Geographic Magazine 172, July 1987.

152 Cochran, Thomas C., and Wayne Andrews, eds. Concise Dictionary of American History. New York, 1962.

152a Cole, Barbara Bruce. “A Wilson Family of Early Chicago.” Chicago Genealogist 21, no. 2, Winter 1988-89, pp. 47-52.

153 Cole, Harry Elsworth. Stagecoach and Tavern Tales of the Old Northwest. Cleveland, 1930.

154 Colbert, Elias. Chicago. Historical and Statistical Sketch of the Garden City: A Chronicle of its Social, Municipal, Commercial and Manufacturing Progress, from the Beginning until Now. Containing Also, Names of the Early Settlers and the Office Holders, with Full Statistical Tables. Chicago, 1868.

155 Colbert, Elias, and Everett Chamberlin. Chicago and the Great Conflagration. Cincinnati/New York, 1871.

155a Collot, Victor. Voyage dans L’Amerique Septentrionale. 2 volumes, Paris, 1826.

155b ___. “Victor Collot, A Journey in North America.” Transactions of the Illinois Historical Society 13, 1908, pp. 269-297.

156 Colombo, Cristoforo. Epistula Cristofori Colom: Cui Etas Nostra Multum Debet; De Insulis Indie Supra Gangem Nuper Inuentis. Rome, 1493.

157 ___. Letter of 1493. Translated by Frank E. Robbins. William L. Clements Library. Ann Arbor, 1952.

158 Commission on Chicago Historical and Architectural Landmarks, City of Chicago, ed. Site of the Wolf Point Settlement. Chicago, 1975.

159 ___. Site of the Beaubien Claim. Chicago, 1975.

160 ___. Site of the Sauganash Hotel and the Wigwam. Chicago, 1975.

161 ___. Site of the Marquette Camp. Chicago, 1976.

162 ___. Site of the DuSable/Kinzie House. Chicago, 1977.

163 Conger, John Leonard. History of the Illinois River Valley. Chicago, 1932.

163a Congressional Records on Indian Land Cessions in the United States.

164 Conzen, Michael P., ed. Chicago Mapmakers, Essays on the Rise of the City`s Map Trade. Chicago, 1984.

164a ___. See Grossman, James F., Ann Durkin Keating, and Janice L. Reiff, with Michael P. Conzen, eds.

165 Cook, Frederick Francis. Bygone Days in Chicago. Chicago, 1910.

166 Cook, Mary Estelle. Little Oak Park 1835-1902. Oak Park, Ill., 1961.

167 Copley, A.B. “Early Settlement of Southwestern Michigan.” Read at the Annual Meeting of the State Pioneer Society, June 7, 1882.

168 Corliss, Carlton J. “Illinois Travel in Olden Days.” Journal of American History 28, 1934.

168a Corrigan, John E. Personal communication, 2009.

168b Costa, David J. “Miami-Illinois Tribe Names,” in Papers of the Thirty-first Algonquian Conference. University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, 2000, pp. 30-53.

168c ___. “Illinois.” Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas Newsletter 25 (4) 9-12, 2007.

169 Cox, Isaac Joslin. The Journeys of Réné Robert Cavelier Sieur de la Salle. New York, 1905.

170 Crafts, James M. and William F. The Crafts Family: A Genealogical and Biographical History of the Descendents of Griffin and Allice Crafts, of Roxbury, Massachusetts. Northampton, Mass., 1893.

171 Cramton, Willa G. “Domestic Furnishings of the Northern Illinois Frontier 1833–1850.” Master`s thesis, Northern Illinois University, Dekalb, 1988.

172 Crellin, John K. Medical Care in Pioneer Illinois. Springfield, 1982.

172a Crimmins, Jerry. Personal communication; 2006.

173 Croghan, George. “Croghan`s Journal, February 28, 1765, to October 8, 1765.” Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library 11, 1916, pp. 1-64.

174 Cronon, William. Nature`s Metropolis. Chicago and the Great West. New York/London, 1991.

175 Crossley, Fredric B. Courts and Lawyers of Illinois. Chicago, 1912.

176 Cumming, W.P., R.A. Skelton, and D.B. Quinn. The Discovery of North America. London, 1971.

177 Currey, J. Seymour. “Chicago`s North Shore.” Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society 8, 1904, pp. 101-13.

178 ___. Chicago: Its History and Its Builders: A Century of Marvelous Growth. 5 vols. Chicago, 1912.

179 ___. The Story of Old Fort Dearborn. Chicago, 1912.

179a Cushing, Sara. Personal communication, 2006.

180 Cutler, Irving. Chicago/Metropolis of the Mid-Continent. Dubuque, Iowa, 1982.

180a Cutter, Irving S., M.D. “Dr. John Gale, a Pioneer Army Surgeon”. J.I.S.H.S. Vol.XXIII, No.4

181 Dale, Edward Everett. Medical Practices on the Frontier. Reprint, Indiana Magazine of History 43, December 1947, pp. 307-28.

182 Dana, Edmund. Geographical Sketches on the Western Country; Designed for Emigrants and Settlers: Being the Result of Extensive Researches and Remarks. To Which is Added a Summary of the Most Interesting Matters on the Subjects, Including a Particular Description of the Unsold Public Lands, Collected from a Variety of Authentic Sources. Also a List of the Principal Roads. Cincinnati, 1819.

183 Danckers, Ulrich Friedrich. “1831: A view of Chicago prior to its incorporation.” Chicago Medicine Chicago Medical Society · The Medical Society of Cook County Vol. 90, No. 14, 1987.

184 ___. “Prairie Sky over Fort Dearborn.” Chicago Medicine Chicago Medical Society · The Medical Society of Cook County Vol. 94, No. 15, 1991.

184a ___. “Exploring Chicago`s Past.” Chicago Medicine Chicago Medical Society · The Medical Society of Cook County Vol. 96, No. 15, 1993.

185 Danforth, I.N. The Life of Nathan Smith Davis, 1817-1904. Chicago, 1907.

186 Darby, William. The Emigrant`s Guide to the Western and Southwestern States and Territories: Comprising a Geographical and Statistical Description of the States of Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Ohio; – the Territories of Alabama, Missouri, Illinois, and Michigan; and the Western Parts of Virginia, Pennsylvania and New York…. New York, 1818.

187 David, George. “Diary of George David [Extracts] – A Trip From London to Chicago in 1833.” Unedited manuscript, transcribed from the original by R.P. Mason, Escanaba, Mich. [Michigan History Magazine 18, Winter 1934, pp. 53-66.]

188 Davis, David J. History of Medical Practice in Illinois. Vol. 2. Chicago, 1955.

188a Day, Clifford. Personal communication from a Hiram Ament descendant, 2005.

189 Dedmon, Emmet. Fabulous Chicago. enl. ed. New York, 1981.

190 De Gannes. For his copy of Pierre Liette`s memoir, see Pease, Theodore Calvin, and Ray Werner, eds. Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library 23, 1934, pp. 302-95.

191 Delanglez, Jean, S.J., Ph.D. The Journal of Jean Cavelier. Chicago, 1938.

192 ___. Some of LaSalle`s Journeys. Chicago, 1938.

193 ___. Frontenac and the Jesuits. Chicago, 1939.

194 ___. “A Calendar of La Salle`s Travels 1643-1683.” Mid-America 22, 1940.

195 ___. “The 1674 Account of the Discovery of the Mississippi.” Mid-America 26, 1944.

196 ___. “The Voyages of Tonti in North America, 1678-1704.” Mid-America 26, 1944.

197 ___. “Marquette`s Autograph Map of the Mississippi River.” Mid-America 27, 1945.

198 ___. “The Joliet Lost Map of the Mississippi.” Mid-America 28, 1946.

199 ___. Life and Voyages of Louis Jolliet. Chicago, 1948.

199a de Loys, Henri. Personal communication from an Elijah Peacock family descendant, 2003.

199b Dembowski, Yolande. Personal communication, 2000.

200 Dennis, Henry C. The American Indian 1492-1970. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y., 1971.

201 De Peyster, Col. Arent Schuyler. Miscellanies, by an Officer. Dumfries, Scotland, 1813. Reprint, edited by J. Watts De Peyster. New York, 1888.

201a Derome, Robert. Personal communication from History Professor Derome, 2006; see his website on John Kinzie.

201b Dewey, Francis A. “A Sketch of the Marine of Lake Erie Previous to the Year 1829.” Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society Collections 4, 1883, pp. 79-81.

202 Dickens, Charles. American Notes for General Circulation. London, 1842, 1850.

203 ___. Amerika. 1st German ed. Leipzig, 1843.

204 Dickinson, Samuel N. Hand-Book Specimen of Printing Type, Cuts, Ornaments, Etc. Boston, 1847.

205 Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vols. 1-6. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1966-1987.

205a Dictionary of Canadian Biography On Line

206 Dilg, Charles Augustus. “Chicago`s Archaic History,” MS and typescript written between c.1895-1905 in Charles Augustus Dilg Collection. Chicago Historical Society.

206a Diversy, Philippe. Personal communication from a family member of Michael Diversey, 2008.

206b “Documents Relating to Detroit and Vicinity, 1805-1813 · Michigan Territory.” Michigan Pioneer and Historical Collections 40, 1929.

207 Dodson, Harriet N. Warren. “The Warrens of Warrenville.” Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society 21, 1915, pp. 124-37.

207a Donaldson, James. Personal communication, 2004.

207b Donnelly, Joseph P., S.J., Ph.D. The Parish of the Holy Family · Cahokia, Illinois · 1699-1949. St. Louis, Mo., 1949.

208 ___. Jacques Marquette, S.J., 1637-1675. Chicago, 1968.

209 Dor-Ner, Zwi. Columbus and the Age of Discovery. New York, 1991.

209a Douglas, Walter B. “Jean Gabriel Cerré – A Sketch.” Translations of the Illinois Historical Society VIII, 1904.

209b Douville, Raymond, S.R.C. “Jacques Largillier known as ‘ the Beaver,’ coureur des bois and frere donné.” Les Cahiers des Dix, 29: 47-69 (1964); translation by Michael McCafferty, July 2006.

209c ___. “Life and Death of Adrien Jolliet – a short, honest and very full life.” Les Cahiers des Dix, 42: 25-47 (1979); translation by Michael McCafferty, August 2006.

210 Dowd, James Patrick. Built Like A Bear · Which is a descripive name for one of the last great Chiefs of the “Three Fires” of Illinois . . . · SHABNI (HE HAS PAWED THROUGH). Fairfield, Wash., 1979.

210a Down`s Record and Historical View of Peoria. Peoria, 1850.

211 Drake, Benjamin. Life and Adventures of Black Hawk: with Sketches of Keokuk, the Sac and Fox Indians, and the Late Black Hawk War. Cincinnati, 1838, 1841, 1849.

212 ___. Life of Tecumseh, and his Brother the Prophet; with a Historical Sketch of the Shawanoe Indians. Cincinnati, 1856.

213 Drake, Daniel, M.D. A Systematic Treatise, Historical, Etiological and Practical, on the Principal Diseases of the Interior Valley of North America, as they appear in the Caucasian, African, Indian and Esquimaux Varieties of Its Population. Book 1 Cincinnati, 1850. Book 2 Philadelphia, 1854.

214 Draper, Lyman Copeland. Papers pertaining to the early fur trade at Chicago, and the U.S. Army`s history of Fort Dearborn I and II within the Draper Collection: Series S, T, U, YY [detailed in Archie Motley`s “Manuscript Sources on Frontier Chicago.”] Wisconsin State Historical Society, Madison.

215 Drennen, Daniel O. Papers pertaining to Fort Dearborn and Chicago between 1803-1836. Chicago Historical Society.

216 Driggs, Alfred L. “Early Days in Michigan.” St. Joseph County Advertiser, July 9, 1885.

217 DuCreux, François. Historia Canadensis. Paris, 1664.

217a Dugan, Hugh G. Village on the County Line · A History of Hinsdale, Illinois. Chicago, 1949.

218 Duis, Perry R. Chicago: Creating New Traditions. Chicago, 1976.

218a Dunham, Montrew, and Pauline Wandschneider. Downers Grove 1832-1982. Downers Grove Historical Society, Downers Grove, Ill., 1982.

219 Dunn, Jacob Piat. The Mission to the Ouabache. Indianapolis, 1902.

219a ___. “Father Gibault: The Patriot Priest of the Northwest.” Wisconsin Historical Collections vol. xviii, 1908.

220 East, Ernest E. “Contributions to Chicago History from Peoria County Records.” Journal of the State of Illinois Historical Society 31, 1938, pp. 188-212, 323-343.

220a ___. “The Inhabitants of Chicago, 1825-1831.” Journal of the State of Illinois Historical Society 37, 1944, pp. 131-163.

220b Eastman, Z. “ANCIENT CHICAGO. Some of the Early Ways in the Early Days. Roads In and Out. Water Roads, Mud Roads, Wood Roads, and Iron Roads.” The Chicago Daily Tribune, February 22, 1874.

221 Ebert, Albert E. “Early History of the Drug Trade of Chicago, compiled from Records of the Chicago Veteran Druggists Association.” Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society 8, 1903, pp. 234-74; 10, 1905, pp. 239-60.

222 Eccles, W.J. Essays on New France. Toronto, 1987.

223 Eckert, Allen W. The Frontiersmen. Boston, 1967.

224 ___. Wilderness Empire. Boston, 1969.

225 ___. The Conquerors. Boston, 1970.

226 ___. Gateway to Empire, A Narrative. Boston/Toronto, 1983.

227 ___. The Wilderness War. Boston, 1987.

228 Edgerton, Michael. See Heise, Kenan, and Michael Edgerton.

229 Edmunds, R. David. The Potawatomis: Keepers of the Fire. Norman, Okla., 1978.

230 Edwards, Ninian Wirt. History of Illinois, from 1778-1833; and Life and Times of Ninian Edwards. Springfield, 1870.

231 ___. The Edwards Papers. Chicago, 1884.

232 Ehrenberg, Ralph E. See Schwartz, Seymour I., and Ralph E. Ehrenberg.

233 Ehresmann, Julia M., ed. Geneva, Illinois, A History of Its Times and Places. Geneva, 1977.

233″ Einhorn, Robin L. Property Rules – Political Economy in Chicago, 1833-1872. Chicago, 2001.

233a Ekberg, Carl J. French Roots in the Illinois Country. Chicago, 1998.

234 Elder, Paul Wilson. “Early Taverns and Inns in Illinois.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 20, 1928.

235 Ellis, Franklin. History of Berrien and Van Buren Counties, Michigan. Philadelphia, 1881.

236 Elmes, Philip Robert. “Opening the Great Lakes.” History, Journal of the World Ship Trust, no. 47. Croton-on-Hudson, N.Y., 1988.

237 Evans, Elaine Shemoney. See Bailey, Robert E., and Elaine Shemoney Evans.

237a Eyre, Ethel. A History of The First Presbyterian Church of Chicago, 1833-1941. Work Projects Administration. Chicago, 1941.

238 Farr, Finis. Chicago: A Personal History of America`s Most American City. New Rochelle, N.Y., 1973.

239 Farren, Kathy, ed. A Bicentennial History of Kendall County, Illinois. Yorkville, Ill., 1976.

240 Faux, William. Memorable Days in America: Being a Journal of a Tour to the United States, Principally Undertaken to Ascertain, by Positive Evidence, the Condition and Probable Prospects of British Emigrants. London, 1823.

241 Faye, Stanley, ed. “A Search for Copper on the Illinois River: The Journal of Legardeur DeLisle.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 38, 1945.

242 Fergus, Robert. “Biographical Sketch of John Dean Caton, Ex-Chief-Justice of Illinois.” Fergus Historical Series 21, 1882.

243 Fergus, Robert, ed. “Fergus` Directory of the City of Chicago, 1839. With City and County Officers, Churches, Public Buildings, Hotels etc.; also, List of Sheriffs of Cook County and Mayors of the City since their Organization; together with the Poll-List of the First City Election – Tuesday, May 2nd, 1837; and also a List of Puchasers of Lots in Fort Dearborn Addition, the No. of the Lots and the Prices paid, etc., etc.” Fergus Historical Series 2, 1876.

244 Fernow, Berthold. Ohio Valley in Colonial Days. Albany, N.Y., 1890.

244a Ffrench, Charles, ed. Biographical History of the American Irish in Chicago, Chicago and New York, 1897.

245 Field, Walter. “A Re-examination into the Invention of the Balloon Frame.” Journal of the American Society of Architectural Historians 2, no. 4, 1942.

245a Finiels, Nicolas de. An Account of Upper Louisiana. Edited by C.J. Ekberg and W.E. Foley. University of Missouri, Columbia, Mo., 1989.

246 Fisher, Geo. & Co., publisher. Biographical Directory of the Voters and Tax Payers of Kendall County, Illinois. Chicago, 1876.

247 Fisher, Joseph S.J. and Fr. R. von Wieser. The Oldest Map with the Name America of the Year 1507 and the Carta Marina of the Year 1516 by M. Waldseemüller (Ilacomilus). Amsterdam, 1968.

248 Fiske, Horace Spencer. Chicago in Picture and Poetry. Chicago, 1903.

249 Flinn, John J. History of the Chicago Police. Chicago, 1887.

250 Flower, George. History of the English Settlement in Edwards County, Illinois. Chicago, 1909.

251 Fonda, John H. “A series of Reminiscences.” Wisconsin Historical Collections 5, 1868.

252 Ford, Thomas. A History of Illinois from its Commencement as a State in 1818 to 1847. Chicago, 1945.

253 Fordam, Elias P. Personal Narrative of Travels in Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, and of a Residence in the Illinois Territory: 1817-1818. Cleveland, 1906.

254 Foreman, Grant. “Illinois and Her Indians.” Transactions of the State Historical Society of Illinois 46, 1939, pp. 67-111.

254a Forsyth, Dr. Susan. Personal communication from a descendant, 2007.

255 Forsyth, Thomas. Thomas Forsyth Papers. Wisconsin State Historical Society; “Journal of a Voyage From St. Louis to the Falls of St. Anthony, in 1819.” · “Maj. Thomas Forsyth to Gov. Wm. Clark.”Wisconsin Historical Collections VI: 189-219, 1872.

256 ___. Thomas Forsyth Papers. Missouri Historical Society.

256a “Fort Belle Fontaine,”

257 Fort Dearborn Papers. Chicago History Museum.

258 Foster, J.W . Chicago`s History, Topography, and Architecture. Chicago, 1872.

259 Franke, Judith A. French Peoria and the Illinois Country 1673-1846. Springfield: Illinois State Museum Society, 1995.

259a Franzosenbusch.

259aa Frapp, Timothy R. Personal communication from a descendant of Antoine Ouilmette and Jean Baptiste Durocher, 2010.

260 Frazier, Arthur H. “The Military Frontier: Fort Dearborn.” Chicago History 9, no. 2, summer 1980.

261 Fryxell, F.M. The Physiography of the Region of Chicago. Chicago, 1927.

262 Fuller, Dr. S.S., et al. Riverside, Then and Now. Chicago, 1936, 1958.

262a “Fur-Trade in Wisconsin · 1812-1825”. Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin 20: 47-48, 270-276, 311-312; 1911.

263 Gagnon, Frederick Ernest. Louis Jolliet, Decouvreur du Mississippi et du Pays des Illinois. Montreal, 1902.

264 Gailland, Maurice, S.J. Diary of the Potawatomi Mission of Ste. Marie`s on the Lake by Father Maurice Gailland. Edited and translated by James Michael Burke. St. Louis, 1951.

265 Gale, Edward C. “On the Hennepin Trail.” Minnesota History (St. Paul) 11, no. 1, March 1930, pp. 3-10.

266 Gale, Edwin 0. Reminiscences of Early Chicago and Vicinity. Chicago, 1902.

266a Galloway, Patricia K. Personal communication, 2005.

266b ___, ed. The Hernando De Soto Expedition History, Historiography, and `discovery` in the Southeast. Lincoln, Nebr., 1997.

266c ___. Choctaw Genesis 1500 – 1700. Lincoln, Nebr., 1995/1998.

267 Garraghan, Gilbert Joseph, S.J. “Early Catholicity in Chicago.” Illinois Catholic Historical Review 1, no. 1, July 1918.

268 ___. The Catholic Church in Chicago, 1673-1871. An Historical Sketch. Chicago, 1921.

268a ___. “New Light on Old Cahokia.” Illinois Catholic Historical Review 11, no. 11, October 1928.

269 ___. Chicago under the French Regime. Springfield, 1931.

269a ___. “Catholic Beginnings in Chicago.” A paper read in Chicago at the meeting of the Mississippi Valley Historical Society, April 13-16, 1933.

270 Garrett, Wilbur E. “George Washington`s Patowmack Canal.” National Geographic Magazine 172, 1987.

270a Garrison, Cheryl Whistler personal communication from a John Whistler family descendant;

271 Gerhard, Frederick. Illinois As It Is; Its History, Geography, Statistics, Constitution, Laws, Government…, etc. Chicago, 1857.

272 Gerwing, Anselm J., O.S.B. “The Chicago Indian Treaty of 1833.” Journal of the Illinois Historical Society 57, no. 2, Summer 1964.

272a Gessner, Conrad. The History of Four-footed Beasts and Serpents…. London, 1658.

273 Gilbert, Paul, and Charles Lee Bryson. Chicago and Its Makers. A Narrative of Events from the Day of the first White Man to the Inception of the Second World`s Fair. Chicago, 1929.

274 Gilman, Carolyn. Where Two Worlds Meet: The Great Lakes Fur Trade. St. Paul, 1982.

275 Gilpin, Alec R. The War of 1812 in the Old Northwest. East Lansing, 1958.

275a Goodin, Jim Riley. Personal communication from a Thérèse Archange Morin Tremblé Mann [Archange Mann] descendant.

276 Goodspeed, Rev. E.J. History of the Great Fires in Chicago and the West. New York, 1871.

277 Goodspeed, Thomas Wakefield. The University of Chicago Biographical Sketches. Vol. 1. Chicago, 1922.

278 Goodspeed, Weston Arthur, and Daniel D. Healy, eds. History of Cook County, Illinois – Being a general Survey of Cook County History, including a condensed History of Chicago and special Account of Districts outside the City Limits, from the earliest Settlement to the present Time. Chicago, 1909.

279 Gordon, Eleanor Lytle Kinzie. John Kinzie, the “Father of Chicago,” a Sketch. Chicago, 1912.

280 Gordon, Nelly Kinzie, ed. The Fort Dearborn Massacre, Written in 1814 by Lieutenant Linai T. Helm, One of the Survivors. Chicago, 1912.

280a Gornik, Alan. Personal communication, 2011.

280b Gottschalk, Paul. The Earliest Diplomatic Documents On America · The Papal Bulls of 1493 and the Treaty of Tordesillas · Reproduced and Translated. Berlin, 1927.

280c Graf, John, and Steve Skorpad. Chicago’s Monuments, Markers, and Memorials. Chicago, 2002.

281 Gravier, Gabriel. Vie de Samuel Champlain, Fondateur de la Nouvelle-France (1567-1635). Paris, 1900.

282 ___. Étude sur Une Carte Inconnue, La premiere dressee par Louis Joliet en 1674 Apres son exploration du Mississipi avec le P. Jacques Marquette en 1673. Paris, 1880.

283 [Gravier, Father Jacques, attributed to; actual compilers unidentified] “Dictionary of the Algonquin Illinois Language, c.1700.” MS, Watkinson Library, Trinity College, Hartford, Conn.

284 Gray, James. The Illinois/Rivers of America Series. New York, 1940.

285 Gray, Mary Lackritz. A Guide to Chicago`s Murals. Chicago, 2001. Also see Bach, Ira J., and Mary Lackritz Gray.

285a Green, Richard, Tony DeRegnaucourt, and Larry Hamilton. Archaeology of Prophetstown, Greene Ville, Ohio · 1805-1808. Arcanum, Ohio, 1994.

285b Greenberg, Joel. A Natural History of the Chicago Region. Chicago and London, 2002.

286 Griffin, Appleton P.G. The Discovery of the Mississippi: a Bibliographical Account with a Fac-simile of the Map of Louis Joliet, 1674. New York, 1883.

287 Grignon, Augustin. “Narrative.” Wisconsin Historical Collections 3, 1857.

288 Griswald, Bert J. “Fort Wayne, Gateway of the West, 1802-1813.” Indiana Historical Collections 15, 1927.

288a Grossman, James F., Ann Durkin Keating, and Janice L. Reiff, with Michael P. Conzen, eds. The Encyclopedia of Chicago. The Newberry Library, The Chicago Historical Society and The University of Chicago Press. Chicago/London, 2004.

289 Grossman, Joanne, and Theodore J. Karamanski, eds. Historic Lighthouses and Navigational Aids of the Illinois Shore of Lake Michigan. Chicago, 1989.

290 Grover, Frank Reed. Father Pierre François Pinet, S.J. and his Mission of the Guardian Angel of Chicago (L`Ange Gardien) A.D. 1696-1699. Chicago, 1907.

291 ___. Antoine Ouilmette. Evanston, 1908.

292 ___. “The First Evanstonians.” A Paper Read before the Evanston Historical Society, November 2, 1901.

293 Gueroult, Mary Young. “Across the Prairie, a Chapter of Early Chicago.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 37, July 1935, pp. 250-55.

294 Guyer, I.D. History of Chicago; Its Commercial and Manufacturing Interests and Industry; Together with Sketches of Manufacturers and Men Who Have Most Contributed to Its Prosperity and Advancement, with Glances of Some of the Best Hotels; Also the Principal Railroads which Center in Chicago. Chicago, 1862.

294a Habig, Father Marion Alfonse. “The Site of the Great Illinois Village.” Mid-America · An Historical Review. July 1933.

295 ___. A Franciscan Pére Marquette: A Critical Biography of Fr. Zénobe Membré O.F.M., La Salle`s Chaplain and Missionary Companion. New York, 1934.

296 Haeger, John Denis. “The American Fur Company And the Chicago of 1812-1835.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 61, Summer 1968.

297 ___. “Eastern Money and the Urban Frontier, 1833-1842.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 64, no. 3, Autumn 1971.

298   Hager, Albert D. “Early Chicago, and the Northwest,” in Alfred T. Andreas` History of Chicago. From the Earliest Period to the Present Time, vol. 1, p. 46.

299    Haines, Elilah Middlebrook. Historical and Statistical Sketches of Lake County, State of Illinois. Waukegan, 1852.

300    ___. The American Indian. Chicago, 1888.

300a  Haldimand, Frederick. Haldimand Papers. British Library, London.

301    Hall, Albert L. History of River Forest, A Suburb of Chicago. Chicago, 1937.

302    Hall, James. Letters from the West, containing Sketches of Scenery, Manners, and Customs, and Anecdotes connected with the First Settlements of the Western Sections of the United States. London, 1828.

303   Hall, Jennie. The Story of Chicago. Chicago/New York/London, 1911, 1929.

304    Halsey, John J., LL.D., ed. A History of Lake County, Illinois. Chicago, 1912.

305   Hamilton, Henry Edward. Biographical sketch of Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard [1888]; read by Mary Ann Hubbard before the Chicago Historical Society on Apr. 16, 1907, on the occasion of the unveiling of a bronze tablet in memory of her husband, in Proceedings of the Chicago Historical Society 3, 1905-07, pp. 225-232; Chicago, 1908.

306   Hamilton, Henry Raymond. The Epic of Chicago. Chicago, 1932.

307   Hamilton, Raphael N., S.J. Marquette`s Explorations, The Narratives Re-examined. Madison/Milwaukee/London, 1970.

307a  Hammersmith, Mary P. Personal communication, 2000.

308    Hand, Hon. John Pryor. “Negro Slavery in Illinois.” Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society 15, 1910, pp. 42-49.

309   Hansel, Ardith K., and David M. Michelson. A Reevaluation of the Timing and Causes of the High Lake Phases in the Lake Michigan Basin. Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources, Geology Survey Division. Springfield, 1988.

310   Hansen, Harry. The Chicago / Rivers of America. New York/Toronto, 1942.

311   Hanson, Philip C. Early Chicagoland. Chicago, 1976.

312    ___. Geology of Chicago. Chicago, 1978.

313    ___. The Presettlement Vegetation of the Plain of Glacial Lake Chicago in Cook County, Illinois. Chicago, 1981.

314   Harley, J.B. Maps and the Columbian Encounter. Milwaukee: University of Wisconsin, 1990.

314a  Harmon, Ada Douglas. The Story of an Old Town – Glen Ellyn. Glen Ellyn, 1928.

315   Harper, Josephine L. Guide to the Draper Manuscripts. Madison, 1983.

316   Harris, N. Dwight. The History of Negro Servitude in Illinois and of the Slavery Agitation in that State · 1719-1864. Chicago: Lakeside Press, 1904.

317    Harrisse, Henry. John Cabot, The Discoverer of North-America and Sebastian His Son: A Chapter of the Maritime History of England Under the Tudors, 1496-1557. London, 1896.

317a  Harrow, Alexander. Captain`s Log of the Welcome. Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library.

318    Hausman, Harriet . Reflections: A History of River Forest. River Forest, Ill., 1975.

319   Haydon, James Ryan. Chicago`s True Founder, Thomas J.V. Owen. Lombard, Ill., 1934. [list of “500 Chicagoans of 1833,” p. 269; list of “Property Owners in Chicago, 1833,” p. 288]

320   Hayner, Don, and Tom McNamee. Streetwise Chicago. Chicago, 1988.

321    Healy, Daniel D. See Goodspeed, Weston Arthur, and Daniel D. Healy.

321a  Heard, J. Norman. Handbook of the American Frontier: Four Centuries of Indian-White Relationships. Vol. II. Metuchen, N.J./London, 1990.

322 Heidenreich, Conrad E. “Explorations and Mapping of Samuel de Champlain, 1603-1632.” Cartographia 17, 1976, pp. 1-140.

323    ___. “An Analysis of the 17th Century Map `Nouvelle France.` ” Cartographia 25, no. 3, 1988.

323a  Heinz, John “How the `Small Convenient Sloop` Felicity Awed the Indians and Prevented the Rebels Building Boats”. Newsletter of the Chicago Maritime Society vol.18, No.3-Fall, 2004

324  Heise, Kenan. “Is long-lost Chilaga the Camelot of Chicagou?” Chicago Tribune, March 4,1987.

325  Heise, Kenan, and Michael Edgerton. Chicago, Center for Enterprise; An Illustrated History. Vol. 1. Woodland Hills, Calif., 1982.

326 Heitman, Francis B. Historical Register and Dictionary of the U.S. Army From Its Organization, Sept. 29, 1789, to March 2, 1903. Washington, D.C., 1903.

327  Helm, Lieutenant Linai T. The Fort Dearborn Massacre. Edited by Nelly Kinzie Gordon. Chicago/New York, 1912.

328   Hendrick, Willene, and George Hendrick. On the Illinois Frontier: Dr. Hiram Rutherford. Carbondale/Edwardsville, Ill., 1981.

329   Henkes, Mark. DesPlaines: A History. DesPlaines, Ill., 1975.

330   Hennepin, Louis . Description de la Louisiane, Nouvellement Decouverte au Sud` Oüest de la Nouvelle France, par Ordre du Roy. Avec la Carte du Pays: Les Moeurs et la Maniere de Vivre des Sauvages…. Paris, 1683.

331    ___. Nouvelle decouverte d`un tres grand pays situé dans l`Amerique, entre le Nouveau Mexique et la Mer Glaciale. Utrecht, 1697.

332    ___. Voyage curieux, qui contient une Novelle Decouverte d`un tres-grand pays, situé dans l`Amerique, entre de Nouveau Mexique et la Mer Glaciale. Qui contient une relation des Caraibes, faite par le Sieur de La Borde. Leiden, 1704.

333    ___. A Description of Louisiana. Translated from the 1683 French ed. by John Gilmary Shea. New York, 1880.

334    ___. A New Discovery of a Vast Country in America by Father Louis Hennepin. Translated and edited by Reuben G. Thwaites. Chicago, 1903.

335    Henry, Al exander. Travels and Adventures. Chicago, 1921.

335a  Hébert, Michael L. Illinois County Boundaries 1790 to Present;

336  [Herrington, James] “A Letter of James Herrington Written from Chicago in 1831.” Bulletin of the Chicago Historical Society 1, no. 2, February 1935.

337   Heward, Hugh. “Journal of a Voyage Made by Hugh Heward to the Illinois Country, 1790.” Transcript, Chicago Historical Society.

337a  Hill, Libby. Chicago River: A Natural and Unnatural History. Chicago: Lake Claremont Press, 2000.

337b  History of Willow Springs, The. The Willow Springs Historical Society. Willow Springs, III., 1992.

338  Hoffmann, Charles Fenno. A Winter in the Far West. London, 1835.

339  ___. A Winter in the West. By a New Yorker. New York, 1835.

340  Hoffmann, John, ed. Guide to the History of Illinois. New York/Westport, Conn./London, 1991.

341  Hoffmeister, Donald Frederick. Mammals of Illinois. Urbana/Chicago, 1989.

342  Hofmeister, Rudolph A . The Germans of Chicago. Champaign, Ill., 1978.

342a  Holland, Robert A. Chicago In Maps · 1612 to 2002. New York, 2005.

343  Holli, Melvin G., and Peter d`A. Jones, eds. The Ethnic Frontier: Essays in the History of Group Survival in Chicago and the Midwest. Grand Rapids, Mich., 1977.

344    ___. Ethnic Chicago · A Multicultural Portrait. Grand Rapids, Mich., 1984.

345  Holt, Glen E., and Dominic A. Pacyga. Chicago: A Historical Guide to the Neighborhoods. The Loop and South Side. Chicago, 1979.

346  Hough, Jack L. Geology of the Great Lakes. Urbana, Ill., 1958.

347  Howard, Robert P. Illinois: A History of the Prairie State. Grand Rapids, Mich., 1972.

348  Howe, Walter A. Documentary History of the Illinois and Michigan Canal. Springfield, 1956.

349  Hower, Frances R. [Bailly] The Story of a French Homestead in the Old Northwest. Columbus, Ohio, 1907.

349a  Hoxie, Frederick E., ed. Encyclopedia of North American Indians. Boston/New York, 1996.

350  Hoyt, Homer. One Hundred Years of Land Value in Chicago. The Relationship of the Growth of Chicago to the Rise of its Land Value, 1830-1933. Chicago, 1933.

351    Hubbard, Adolphus S. “List of Old Settlers,” [Chicagoans who came between January 1831 and December 1836; pp. 424-33] in Rufus Blanchard`s Discovery and Conquest of the North-West, with the History of Chicago, Vol. 2, 1879 and 1881.

352  Hubbard, Gurdon Saltonstall. Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard Papers. Chicago History Museum.

353    ___. Incidents and Events in the Life of Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard. Collected from personal narrations and other sources and arranged by his nephew, Henry E. Hamilton. Chicago, Ill., 1888 [printed by Rand McNally, 1908].

354    ___. The Autobiography of Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard: Pa-pa-ma-ta-be, “The Swift Walker”; with an introduction by Caroline M. McIlvaine. Chicago, 1911.

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355  Hulbert, Archer Butler. Portage Paths: The Keys to the Continent. Cleveland, 1903.

355a  Huppke, Rex W. “Con Man Became City’s Hero.” Chicago Tribune, Aug. 31, 2003.

356  Hurd, Harvey B., LL.D., and Robert D. Sheppard, D.D., eds. History of Evanston. Chicago, 1906.

357    Hurlbut, Henry H. Chicago Antiquities: Comprising Original Items and Relations, Letters, Extracts, and Notes, pertaining to Early Chicago; embellished with Views, Portraits, Autographs, etc. Chicago, 1881.

358   Hutton, Paul A. “William Wells, Frontier Scout and Indian Agent.” Indiana Magazine of History 74, no. 3, September 1978.

359   Hyde, James Nevins, A.M., M.D. “Early Medical Chicago: An Historical Sketch of the First Practitioners of Medicine; with the Present Faculties, and Graduates Since Their Organization of the Medical Colleges of Chicago.” Fergus Historical Series 11, 1879.

360   Illinois Centennial Association. The Centennial History of Illinois. Edited by C.W. Alvord. Springfield, 1919.

361  Imbrie, John, and Katherine Palmer Imbrie. Ice Ages: Solving the Mystery. Cambridge, Mass./London, 1979.

362  Impartial Enquiry into the Right of the French King to the Territory West of the Great River Mississippi, in North America, Not Ceded by the Preliminaries, Including a Summary Account of That River, and the Country Adjacent; With a Short Detail of the Advantages it Possesses, It`s Native Commodities, and How Far They Might Be Improved to the Advantage of the British Commerce. Comprehending a Vindication of the English Claim to That Whole Continent, From Authentic Records, and Indisputable Historical Facts; and Particular Directions to Navigators for Entering the Several Mouths of That Important River. London, 1762.

363  Ingals, E. Fletcher. The Life and Works of Daniel Brainard. Chicago, 1912.

364  Irons, Ernest E., M.D., Ph.D. The Story of Rush Medical College. Chicago: Lakeside Press, 1953.

365  Jackson, Donald, ed. Life of Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak or Black Hawk: an autobiography. Urbana, Ill., 1990.

366    James, Edmund J. The Territorial Records of Illinois. Springfield, 1901.

366a  James, James Alton. The Story of Old Fort Dearborn and its connection with A Century of Progress · International Exposition. Chicago, 1933.

367  Jefferson, Joseph. The Autobiography of Joseph Jefferson. New York, 1889.

368  Jefferys, Thomas. The Natural and Civil History of the French Dominions in North and South America. Giving a Particular Account of the Climate, Soil, Minerals, Animals, Vegetables, Manufactures, Trade, Commerce, Genius, Character, Manners and Customs of the Indians and Other Inhabitants. London, 1760.

369  Jenison, Marguerite. See Pease, Theodore Calvin, and Marguerite Jenison.

369a  Jenkins, Bea. “Notes Upon the Voters of 1826 [abstracted from Fergus Historical Series].” Chicago Genealogist, v. X, no. 3 Spring, 1978.

370  Jennings, Jesse D. Prehistory of North America. New York, 1974.

371    Jensen, George P. Historic Chicago Sites. Chicago, 1953.

372   Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents. See Thwaites, Reuben Gold; Kenton, Edna.

373    Jeter, Helen R. Trends of Population in the Region of Chicago. Chicago, 1927.

374    Jetté, Réné. Dictionaire Génealogique des Familles du Québec des Origins à 1730. Montreal, 1983.

375     Jewell, Frank. Annotated Bibliography of Chicago History. Chicago, 1979.

376    Johnson, Allen. See Malone, Dumas, and Allen Johnson, eds.

377    Johnson, Charles B. Growth of Cook County. Vol. 1. Chicago, 1960.

377a  Johnson, Vic. Personal communication, The Sunday Journal, Kankakee.

377b  ___. “Bourbonnais clan endured hardship in trek west.” The Sunday Journal, Kankakee, November 28, 1982.

377c  ___. “Bourbonnais: Portrait of the man behind the town.” The Sunday Journal, Kankakee, April 22, 1984.

377d  Johnson, Kirk. “In 200 Years of Family Letters, a Nation’s Story.” The New York Times, Jan. 29, 2006.

378   Johnson, William. “Notes of a Tour from Fort Wayne to Chicago, 1809.” Chicago History Museum.

379    Jones, Abner D. Illinois and the West. With a Township Map, Containing the Latest Surveys and Improvements. Boston, 1838.

379a   Jones, Lottie E. Decisive Dates in Illinois History • A Story of the State • Told in a Record of Events which have Determined the History of Illinois and of the Nation. Danville, III., 1909.

379b  Jones, Rev. David, A.M. “Extracts From the Original Manuscript Journal [as] Chaplain of the United States Legion, Under Major-General Wayne, During the Indian Wars of 1794-5-6.” Pioneer and Historical Society of the State of Michigan Collections Vol. VIII. Lansing, Mich., 1886.

380    Jones, Martha Kirker. Bensenville. Bensenville, Ill., 1975.

381    Jones, Peter d`A. See Holli, Melvin G., and Peter d`A. Jones, eds.

382  Jordan, Orvis F. A History of Park Ridge. Park Ridge, Ill., 1961.

383  Jouan, Henri. “Jean Nicolet, Interpreter and Voyager in Canada 1618-1642.” Translated by Grace Clark. Wisconsin Historical Collections 11, 1888.

384  Joutel, Henri. A Journal of the Last Voyage Perform`d by Monsr. de la Sale, to the Gulph of Mexico, to Find Out the Mouth of the Mississippi River, &c;. 1st English ed. London, 1714.

385    ___. “Relation de Henri Joutel.” Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l`ouest et le sud de l`Amerique Septentrionale. Vol. 3. Edited by M. Pierre Margry. Paris, 1878.

386    Judge, Joseph. “Where Columbus Found the New World.” National Geographic Magazine 170, November 1986, p. 566.

386a  Kahn, Stephen. “Chicago area hit by twister in 1781: Earliest tornado on record here.” Chicago Tribune, 15 October 2006, sec. 4, p. 9.

386aa Kakures, Sandra. Personal communication with a descendant, 2005.

387    Kappler, Charles, ed. Indian Treaties 1778-1883. Vol. 2. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1904. Reprint, New York, 1972.

387a  Kapustiak, Margaret Mackle. “Lane Family History”; personal communication with a DeWitt Lane family descendant, 2003.

388    Karamanski, Theodore J. See Grossman, Joanne, and Theodore J. Karamanski, eds.

389    ___. See Mendes, Joel, and Theodore J. Karamanski, eds.

389a  ___. Schooner Passage · Sailing Ships and the Lake Michigan Frontier. Detroit, 2000.

389b  Karlen, Harvey M., ed. Chicago Postal History · Selections That Honor the Collecting Interests of Richard McP. Cabeen. Chicago, 1971.

390  Karpinski, Louis C. Bibliography of Printed Maps of Michigan 1804-1880. With a series of over one hundred Reproductions of maps constituting an historical atlas of the Great Lakes and Michigan. Lansing, 1931.

391   Karrow, Robert W., and David Buisseret. Gardens of Delight: Maps and Travel Accounts of Illinois and the Great Lakes from the Collection of Herman Dunlop Smith. Chicago: Newberry Library, 1984.

392    Karrow, Robert W., Jr. Mapmakers of the Sixteenth Century and Their Maps. Bio-Bibliographies of the Cartographers of Abraham Ortelius, 1570. Chicago, 1993.

392a  “Kaskaskia Church Records.” Transactions of the Illinois Historical Society IX, 1904.

393  Kaufman, Kevin, ed. The Mapping of the Great Lakes in the Seventeenth Century. Providence, R.I., 1989.

393a Keating, Ann Durkin. See Grossman, James F., Ann Durkin Keating, and Janice L. Reiff, with Michael P. Conzen, eds.

393b  ___. Personal communication, 2008.

393c  ___. Rising Up From Indian Country · The Battle of Fort Dearborn and the Birth of Chicago. The University of Chicago Press. Chicago/London, 2012.

394  Keating, William Hypolitus. Narrative of an Expedition to the Source of the St. Peter`s River, Lake Winnepeek, Lake of the Woods, &c.;, &c.; Performed in the Year 1823, by Order of the Hon. J.C. Calhoun, Secretary of War, Under the Command of Stephen H. Long, Major U.S.T.E. 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1824; London, 1825.

394  ” Keaton, Amy E. Stitched Together · Early American Samplers · From the Collection of The National Society of The Colonial Dames of America & Friends. City of Chicago Department of Cultural Affairs, 2007.

394a  Keller, Fred. Historian of Sussex, Wis.; personal communication, 2003.

394b  Kelley, Edward S. “A Representative Eighteenth Century American Trader, Pioneer and Home Builder.” Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society Collections 30, 1906, pp. 85-95.

395   Kelley, John. “From the Tales of an 1822 Chicagoan.” Journal of the State of Illinois Historical Society 14, 1921-1922.

396    Kellogg, Louise Phelps. The French Regime in Wisconsin and the Northwest. Madison, 1925.

397    ___. The British Regime in Wisconsin and the Northwest. Madison, 1935.

398    Kellogg, Louise Phelps, ed. Early Narratives of the Northwest (1654-1699). New York, 1917.

398a   Kendall County. See” for First Settlers of Kendall County 1828-1830.

398aa  Kent, Timothy J. Ft. Pontchartrain at Detroit — A Guide to the Daily Lives of the Fur Trade and Military Personnel, Settlers, and Missionaries at French Posts. Ossineke, Mich., 2001.

398b  ___. Paddling Across the Peninsula. Ossineke, Mich., 2003.

398bb  Kennicott, R. “Catalog of animals observed in Cook County, Illinois.” Transactions, Illinois State Agricultural Society 1:577-595, 1855.

398c  ___. Rendezvous at the Straits — Fur Trade and Military Activities at Fort de Buade and Fort Michilimackinac, 1669-1781. Ossineke, Mich., 2001, 2004.

399    Kenton, Edna, ed. The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, Selections. New York, 1954. See also Thwaites, Reuben Gold.

400  Kingsbury, Jacob. Col. Jacob Kingsbury Papers. Chicago Historical Society.

401  Kingston, John T. Early Western Days. Madison, 1876.

402  Kinietz, W. Vernon. The Indians of the Western Great Lakes, 1615-1760. Ann Arbor, 1940.

403  Kinney, Janet, M.D. Saga of a Surgeon – The Life of Daniel Brainard, M.D. Springfield, 1987.

404  Kinzie, John. “Account Books, Sept. 30, 1803 to Feb. 24, 1822, Chicago.” Rev. William Barry`s transcript (notation by Gurdon Hubbard), Chicago Historical Society.

405  Kinzie, Mrs. John H. (Juliette Augusta [Magill]). “Narrative of the Massacre at Chicago, Saturday, August 15, 1812, and of some Preceding Events.” Fergus Historical Series 30, 1844; 2nd ed. Chicago, 1914.

406  ___. Wau-Bun. The “Early Days” in the North-West. Chicago, 1856, 1857, 1901, 1932.

407  ___. “Chicago Indian Chiefs · Biographical information as recorded in letters of Juliette A. Kinzie.” Bulletin of the Chicago Historical Society Vol. 1, No. 4 (August) 1935.

408  Kirkland, Caroline. Chicago Yesterdays, A Sheaf of Reminiscences. Chicago, 1919.

410  Kirkland, Joseph. The Story of Chicago. Chicago, 1892-1894.

411    ___. The Chicago Massacre of 1812. A Historical and Biographical Narrative of Fort Dearborn (now Chicago). How the fort and city were begun, and who were the beginners. With Illustrations and Historical Documents. Chicago, 1893.

412     ___. See Moses, John, and Joseph Kirkland.

412a  Kirsch, Mary Ann. “Great grandson of Francois Bourbonnais visits area.” The Herald, Kankakee, July 16, 1985, p. 6.

413    Knight, Robert, and Lucius H. Zeuch, M.D. The Location of the Chicago Portage Route of the Seventeenth Century. Chicago, 1928.

414    ___. “Mount Joliet: Its Place in Illinois History and Its Location.” Lecture given at a special meeting of the Illinois State Historical Society at Joliet, Ill., October 30-31, 1929.

415    Knoblauch, Marion, ed. Du Page County · A Descriptive and Historical Guide · 1831-1939. U.S. Federal Writers` Project, American Guide Series. Elmhurst, 1948.

416    Koerner, Gustave Philip. Memoirs of Gustave Koerner 1809-1896. 2 vols. Edited by Thomas J. McCormack. Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 1909.

417    Kohl, J.G. “Eine Deutsche Ansiedlung bei Chicago.” Der Deutsche Pionier 13, 1881.

417a  Kott, Robert. Summit · Images of America, Arcadia Publishing. Chicago, 2009.

417b  Krainik, Clifford. Personal communication, 2006;

418    Krenkel, John H. Illinois Internal Improvements 1818-1848. Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 1958.

419    Kurz and Allison, publisher. Chicago in Early Days, 1779-1857. Chicago, 1893.

419a  Lace, Ed. Personal communication, Cook County Forest Ranger; 2004.

420    Lahontan, Louis Armand de Lom d`Arce, baron de. Voyages du baron de Lahontan dans l`Amerique Septentrionale … [and] Memoires de l`Amerique Septentrionale. 2 vols. Amsterdam. 1705.

421    ___. New Voyages to North America (in the years 1683-1694). Edited by Reuben G. Thwaites. Chicago, 1905.

421a  Langworthy, Augustus. Peoria/Putman County, IL · 1830 Federal Census .

421b  Lanctot, Barbara. A Walk through Graceland Cemetery. Chicago, 1988.

422    Larsen, Curtis E. Geological History of Glacial Lake Algonquin and the Upper Great Lakes. Washington, D.C., 1987.

423    Larson, John W. Those Army Engineers, A History of the Chicago District U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Chicago, 1979.

424    La Salle, Cavelier de. Relation of the Discoveries and Voyages of Cavelier de La Salle from 1679 to 1681. The Official Narrative. Translated by Melville B. Andersen. Chicago, 1901. See also Joutel, Henri; Tonty, Henri de.

425    Latrobe, Charles J. The Rambler in North America, 1832-1833. London, 1835, 1836.

427    Law, Judge John. The Colonial History of Vincennes, under the French, British and American Governments, from its First Settlement down to the Territorial Administration of Gen. William Henry Harrison, with Additional Notes and Illustrations. Vincennes, Ind., 1839, 1858.

428   Lea, Isaac, and Henry Charles Carey. The Geography, History, and Statistics, of America, and the West Indies; exhibiting a correct account of the discovery, settlement, and progress of the various kingdoms, states, and provinces of the western hemisphere, to the year 1822. Philadelphia, 1822.

428a  Leache, Eugene. Personal communication from a family descendant, 2004.

429    Lee, George Robert. The Beaubiens of Chicago. Canton, Mo., 1973.

429a  Lee, Henry W. “The Calumet Portage.” Transactions of the Illinois Historical Society, 1912, pp. 24 ff.

430     Legler, Henry E. “Chevalier Henry de Tonty.” Parkman Club Publications (Milwaukee) no. 3, 1896.

430a  Le Moyne d`Iberville, Pierre. Iberville`s Gulf Journals. Tuscaloosa, Ala., 1981.

431    LePage du Pratz, Antoine Simon. Histoire de la Louisiane, Contenant de la Découverte de ce Vaste Pays; sa Description Géographiqhe,…. Paris, 1758.

431a  Leonard, John W., ed. The Book of Chicagoans. Chicago, 1905.

431aa  Lester, Toby. The Fourth Part of the World. New York, N.Y., 2009.

431b   Letts, John W., ed. Pioneers – Narratives of Noah Harris and Thomas Allen Banning · 1825-1865. Chicago, 1972.

432   Lewis, Lloyd, and Henry Justin Smith. Chicago: The History of Its Reputation. Chicago, 1929.

432a  ___. John S. Wright · Prophet of the Prairies. Chicago, 1941.

433   Lewis, Meriwether, and William Clark. History of the Expedition under the Command of Captains Lewis and Clark 1804-5-6. 2 vols. Philadelphia/New York, 1814. Reprint, Dayton, 1840; New York, 1893; New York/ London, 1904; Boston, 1953.

433a  Lidgard, Judy. Personal communication from a George Standish Meacham and great granddaughter Genevieve W. Privett descendant, 2006.

434    Liette, Pierre. See Cadillac, Sieur de Lamothe and Liette, Pierre.

435    Lindell, Arther G. Chicago`s Corporate Seal. Chicago, 1962.

435a  ___. Chicago Mayors. Member City Council 1933-1946; Chicago, 1966.

436   Long, John. Voyages and Travels of an Indian Interpreter and Trader, Describing the Manners and Customs of the North American Indians; with an account of the posts situated on the River Saint Laurence, Lake Ontario, &c.; To which is added a vocabulary of the Chippeway language…. London, 1791.

436a  Long, John H., ed., and Stephen L. Hansen. Historical Atlas and Chronology of County Boundaries, 1788-1980. Vol. 2. Boston, Mass., 1984.

436b  Long, John H., ed., and Peggy Tuck Sinko. Atlas of Historical Boundaries · Indiana. Scholl Center for Family and Community History, Newberry Library. New York, 1996.

436c  Long, John H., ed., and Gordon Den Boer. Atlas of Historical Boundaries · Illinois. Scholl Center for Family and Community History, Newberry Library. New York, 1997.

437    Long, Maj. L. [Stephen] H. Letter to George Graham, Esq. The National Register 3, no. 13, March 29, 1817, pp. 193-98.

437a  Lossing, Benson J. Pictorial Field-Book of the War of 1812, 1869.

438   [Louisiana] Ausführliche Historische und Geographische Beschreibung des an dem großen Flusse Mississippi in Nord-America gelegenen herrlichen Landes Louisiana; In welches die neu-aufgerichtete Französische große Indianische Compagnie Colonien zu schicken angefangen. Leipzig, 1720.

438a  Luttig, John C. Journal of a Fur-Trading Expedition on the Upper Missouri · 1812-1813. Edited by Stella M. Drumm. St. Louis, 1920.

438b  Low, Juliette Gordon website:

439    Luzerne, Frank. The Lost City! Drama of the Fire Fiend, or, Chicago, as it was, and as it is! And its glorious future! New York, 1872.

440     Mack, Edwin F. Old Monroe Street. Chicago, 1914.

440a  Mackenzie, Alexander. Voyages from Montreal, on the River St. Laurence, through the Continent of North America, to the Frozen and Pacific Oceans, in the Years 1789 and 1783; with a Preliminary Account of the Rise, Progress, and Present State of the Fur Trade of that Country. London, 1801.

441    MacMillan, Thomas C. The Scotts and Their Descendants in Illinois. Springfield, 1922.

441a  Maid, Herbert R. Our Township Government. Stickney, Ill., c.1940.

441b  Malcomson, Robert. Warships of the Great Lakes · 1754-1834. Rochester, Kent, U.K., 2001.

442    Malone, Dumas, and Allen Johnson, eds. Dictionary of American Biography. Vols. 1-20. New York, 1928-1936.

443    Mannhardt, E. “Die Ersten Beglaubigten Deutschen in Chicago.” Deutsch-Amerikanische Geschichtsblätter 1, 1901.

444    ___. Chicago und sein Deutschtum. Cleveland, 1901-1902.

445    Mansfield, John Brandt, ed. History of the Great Lakes, Illustrated. Chicago, 1899.

446    Marcou, Jules. Nuevas Investigationes Sobre el Origen del Nombre América. Managua, 1888.

447    Marden, Luis. “The First Landfall of Columbus.” National Geographic Magazine 170, November 1986, p. 572.

448    Margry, M. Pierre, ed. Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l`ouest et le sud de l`Amerique Septentrionale (1614-1754). 6 vols. Paris, 1879-1886.

449    Marino, Joseph. See Sanders, William T., and Joseph Marino.

449a  Maritt, L.R. `Bud` personal communication from a family descendant, 2006.

450    Marshall, James A. “Rise and Progress of Chicago: An Address Read Before the Centennial Library Association, March 21, 1876.” Fergus Historical Series 9, 1876.

450a  Marshall, James A. Personal communication, 2006.

451    ___. “Geometry of the Hopewell Earthworks.” Early Man, an Archaeological Quarterly spring 1979.

451a  ___. “An Atlas of American Indian Geometry.” Ohio Archaeologist 37, no. 2, spring 1987.

452    ___. “Prehistoric Chicagoland.” Lecture before the Central States Anthropological Society Annual Meeting. Covington, Ky., 1996.

452a  ___. “Defining the Bounds of the Hopewell Core and Periphery Utilizing the Geometric Earthworks.” Ohio Archaeologist 47, no. 4, fall 1997.

453    Martineau, Harriet. Society in America. London, 1837.

454    ___. “Chicago in 1836: `Strange Early Days.` ” Fergus Historical Series 9, 1876.

455   Mason, Edward G. “Illinois in the Eighteenth Century. Kaskaskia and its Parish Records: Old Fort Chartres: and Col. John Todd`s Record Book.” Fergus Historical Series 12, 1881.

456    Mason, Edward G., ed. Early Chicago and Illinois. Chicago, 1890.

456a  Masthay, Carl, ed. Kaskaskia Illinois–to–French Dictionary. St. Louis, Mo., 2002.

456b  ___. Personal communication, 2010.

457    Matsell, George Washington. Vocabulum; or The rogue`s lexicon. New York, 1859.

458    Matson, Nehemiah. Reminiscences of Bureau County. Princeton, Ill., 1872.

459    ___. French and Indians of the Illinois River. Princeton, Ill., 1874, 2001.

460    ___. Memories of Shaubena. With Incidents Relating to the Early Settlement of the West. Chicago, 1878. Reprint, Bulletin of the Chicago Historical Society August 1935.

461    ___. Pioneers of Illinois. Chicago, 1882.

462    Mayer, Harold M. “The Launching of Chicago: The Situation and the Site.” Chicago History 9, no. 2, Summer 1980.

463    Mayer, Harold M., and Richard C. Wade. Chicago: Growth of a Metropolis. Chicago, 1969.

464  McAfee, Robert B. History of the Late War in the Western Country. Lexington, Ky., 1816.

464a  McCafferty, Michael. “Wabash, its Meaning and History” in Papers of the Thirty-first Algonquian Conference. Edited by J.D. Nichols. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press (2000): 225-28.

464b  ___. “A Fresh Look at the Place Name Chicago.” Journal of the Illinois Historical Society Vol. 95, No. 2 (Summer 2003).

464c  ___. Personal communication; 2014.

464d  ___. “Additional Notes on the Place Name Chicago.” Le Journal (Center for French Colonial Studies). Vol. 20, Summer 2004.

464e  ___. “On Wisconsin: the derivation and referent of an old puzzle in American place names.” Onoma 38 (2003): 39-56.

464f  ___. “Where did Jean Nicollet Meet the Winnebago in 1634?: A critique of Robert L. Hall`s `Rethinking Jean Nicollet`s route to the Ho-Chucks in 1634.` ” Ontario History, Vol. XCVI, No. 2 (Autumn, 2004): 170-82. Because of editorial errors in the print ed addition, please see the on-line publication.

464g  ___. “Kankakee, An Old Etymological Puzzle.” Names (in preparation for Spring 2005).

464h  ___. “The Latest Miami-Illinois Dictionary and its Author.” in Papers of the Thirty-Sixth Algonquian Conference. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press (2005): 1-16.

464i  ___. “Revisiting Chicago.” (Reader Response) Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, Vol. 98, No. 1-2 (Spring/Summer 2005): 82-98.

464j  ___. “Peoria.” Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas Newsletter 25 (4) 13-14, 2007.

464k  ___. Native American Place-Names of Indiana. University of Illinois Press, April 2008.

464l   ___. “The Illinois Place Name `Pimitéoui`.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, Vol. 102, No.2 (Summer 2009): 177-192.

464m  ___. “Jacques Largillier: French Trader, Jesuit Brother, and Jesuit Scribe /Par Excellence/,” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, Vol. 104, No. 3 (Fall 2011): 188-198.

465    McClure, James Baird, publisher. Stories and Sketches of Chicago. Chicago, 1884.

466   McConnell, Edward. Letter, 1835, in Henry Dummer Papers. Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield, Ill.

467    McCormick, Col. Robert R “Old Cahokia.” Chicago Tribune Sec. 1, p. 24, May 15, 1949.

468    McCoy, Isaac. History of Baptist Indian Missions – embracing remarks on the former and present condition of the aboriginal tribes, their settlement within the Indian Territory, and their future prospects. Washington, D.C., 1840.

468a  McCulloch, David. “Old Peoria.” Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society  VI, 1910.

469  McCulloch, David, ed. “History of Peoria County,” in Historical Encyclopedia of  Illinois. Chicago/Peoria, 1902.

470    McDermott, John Francis. Old Cahokia: A Narrative and Documents illustrating the First Century of its History. St. Louis, 1949.

470a  McDermott, John Francis, ed. The French in the Mississippi Valley. Urbana, Ill., 1965.

470aa  McDonough, Michael “1507 map in new territory: $1 million.” Chicago Tribune, June 9, 2005

471    McEvedy, Colin. The Penguin Atlas of North American History to 1870. Hong Kong, 1988.

472    McIlvaine, Mabel. Chicago, Her History and Her Adornment. Chicago, 1927.

473    McIlvaine, Mabel, ed. Reminiscences of Early Chicago, with an Introduction by Mabel McIlvaine. Chicago, 1912.

474    McIntosh, James T. See Monroe, Haskell M., Jr., and James T. McIntosh, eds.

474a  McKenney, Col. Thomas L. “The Winnebago War.” Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin 5, 1867, pp. 178-204.

475    ___. History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with Biographical Sketches and Anecdotes of the Principal Chiefs. Embellished with One Hundred Portraits from the Indian Gallery in the War Department of Washington. Philadelphia, 1870.

476    McLear, Patrick Edward. “Speculation, Promotion, and the Panic of 1837 in Chicago.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 62, no. 2, Summer 1969, pp. 135-46.

477    ___. “Chicago and the Growth of a Region, 1832 Through 1848” [Ph.D. diss., University of Missouri, 1974]. Ann Arbor, 1990.

478    McLellan, Hugh, ed. See Thomas Nye`s Two Letters.

479    McMurtrie, Douglas Crawford. The First Printers of Chicago. Chicago, 1927.

480    ___. Chicago Imprints, 1835-1850. Chicago, 1944.

481    McNamee, Tom. See Hayner, Don, and Tom McNamee.

482   McVicker, J.H. “The Theatre: Its Early Days In Chicago.” Paper read before the Chicago Historical Society, February 19, 1884.

483    McWilliams, Richebourg Gaillard. Iberville`s Gulf Journals. Tuscaloosa, Ala., 1981.

484    Meehan, Thomas. “Jean Baptiste Point du Sable, the First Chicagoan.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 56, no. 3, Autumn 1963.

484a  “Memorial Report, Ottawa County”. Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society Collections 34, 1905, p. 772.

485   Mendes, Joel, and Theodore J. Karamanski, eds. The Maritime History of Chicago. Chicago, 1990.

486    Meyer, Alfred H. “Circulation and Settlement Patterns of the Calumet Region of Northwestern Indiana and Northern Illinois (The First Stage of Occupation – the Pottawatomie and the Fur Trader, 1830)” Annals of the American Association of Geographers 44, 1954.

486a  Miami Archives  year 1682, p.57

487    Michelson, David M. See Hansel, Ardith K., and David M. Michelson.

487a   Midwest Archaeological Research Service, Inc.

488    Miller, Andrew. New States and Territories, or, The Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, North-western, Missouri, Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama in their real characters, in 1818. Keene, N.H., 1819.

489    Miller, Donald L. City of the Century: The Epic of Chicago and the Making of America. New York, 1996.

490    Miller, J.C. Riverside, Then and Now. Riverside, 1936.

491    Mitchell, Harley Bradford. Historical Fragments of Early Chicagoland. Chicago, 1928.

492    Mitchell, Samuel Augustus. Illinois in 1937; A Sketch Descriptive of the Situation, Boundaries, Face of the Country, Prominent Districts, Prairies, Rivers, Minerals, Animals, Agricultural Productions, Public Lands, Plans of Internal Improvement, Manufacturers, &c.; of the State of Illinois: Also Suggestions to Emigrants, Sketches of the Counties, Cities, and Principal Towns of the State: Together with a Letter on the Cultivation of the Prairies by the Hon. H.L. Ellsworth. To Which are Annexed the Letters from a Rambler in the West. Philadelphia, 1837.

493    Monette, John W. History of the Discovery and Settlement of the Valley of the Mississippi,…. New York, 1848.

494    Monroe, Haskell M., Jr., and James T. McIntosh, eds. The Papers of Jefferson Davis, 1800-1840. Vol. 1. Baton Rouge, La., 1971.

495    Moody, Walter D. What of the City? Chicago, 1919.

496   Moore, Powell A. The Calumet Region, Indiana`s Last Frontier. Indianapolis, 1959.

497    Morgan, Moses. Narrative in William Richard Head Papers. Chicago Historical Society.

497a  Morison, Samuel Eliot. Admiral of the ocean sea, a life of Christopher Columbus. Boston, 1942.

497b  ___, with Mauricio Obregón. The Caribbean as Columbus Saw It. Boston, 1964.

498    Moses, John, and Joseph Kirkland. History of Chicago. Chicago/New York, 1895.

499  Moskovitz, Denise Pagel, ed. Chicago Ancestor File 1974-1984. Chicago Genealogical Society. Chicago, 1985.

499a Moss, Elaine. Personal communication, 2000.

500    Motley, Archie. “Manuscript Sources on Frontier Chicago.” Chicago History 9, no. 2, Summer 1980.

501    Munsell, Joel. The Typographical Miscellany. Albany, N.Y., 1850.

502    Münster, Sebastian. Cosmographey: das ist Beschreibung aller Laender Herrschaften und fuernemsten Stetten des gantzen Erdbodens samt ihren Gelegenheiten Eygenschaften Religion Gebraeuchen Geschichten und Handtierungen &c.; Erstlich durch Herrn Sebastian Münster mit großer Arbeit in sechs Buecher verfaßet: Demnach an Welt vnd natuerlichen Historien durch Ihne selbst gebeßert: Jetzt aber mit allerley Gedechnuswirdigen Sachen bis ins M.D.XCIII Jar gemehret mit newen Landtaflen vieler Stetten vnd Fuernemmen Maennern Contrafacturen Waapen vnd Geburtslinien so vber die alten Herzukommen gezieret. Basel, 1598.

503    Murphy, Edmund R. Henry de Tonty: Fur Trader of the Mississippi. Baltimore, 1941.

503a  Nature’s Choicest Spot, A Guide to Forest Home and German Waldheim Cemeteries. The Historical Society of Oak Park and River Forest. Oak Park, Ill., 1998.

504    Nebenzahl, Kenneth. Atlas of Columbus and the Great Discoveries. Chicago, 1990.

505  Newcomb, Rexford. “Beginnings of Architecture in Illinois.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 39, 1946.

505a  Nicolas, Louis, S.J. See Villiers du Terrage, Marc, baron de, no. 694b.

506    Norris, James Wellington. General Directory and Business Advertiser of the City of Chicago, for the Year 1844; together with a Historical Sketch and Statistical Account, to the Present Time. Chicago, 1844.

507    Nye, Thomas. Two Letters of Thomas Nye Relating to a Journey from Montreal to Chicago in 1837. Edited by Hugh McLellan. Champlain, N.Y., 1931.

508    ___. Journal of Thomas Nye Written during a Journey between Montreal and Chicago in 1837. Champlain, N.Y., 1932.

508a  Oak Woods Cemetery, Chicago, Cook County.

508b  Observations sur la Rivière des Illinois, Chicagou, les grands lacs du haut Canada, et la grande Cascade de Niagara, in the Thomas Jefferson Papers, Series I. General Correspondence 1651-1827, folios 42, 232-42, 239r, Library of Congress (online).

508c  O’Brian, Parnell. Ridge Historical Society; personal communication, 2003.

509    O`Connor, Mary H. “Potawatomie Land Cessions in the Old Northwest.” Master`s thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., 1943.

509a   O’Conner, Susan. Personal communication, 2000.

510    Ogg, Frederic Austin. The Old Northwest. New Haven, Conn., 1919.

511    Oliver, William. Eight Months in Illinois; with Information to Immigrants. Newcastle upon Tyne, 1843; Chicago, 1924.

512    Ordinance for the Government of the Northwest Territory. New York, July 13, 1787. Journals of the Continental Congress, vol. 4, pp. 752-54; see also Francis N. Thorpe, The Federal and State Constitutions,…. [660a, p. 957 ff]

513    Ordinances. See Statutes for territories, 632a and 632b.

514a  Pacyga, Dominic A. See Holt, Glen E., and Dominic A. Pacyga.

514b  Palm, Sister Mary Borgias. “Kaskaskia, Indian Village · 1703-1718.” Mid-America · An Historical Review. July 1933.

515    Palmer, John M., ed. The Bench and Bar of Illinois, Historical and Reminiscent. Vol. 2. Chicago, 1890.

516   Parker, Amos Andrew. Trip to the West and Texas, Comprising a Journey of 8,000 Miles, Through New York, Michigan, Illinois, Missouri, Louisiana and Texas, in the Autumn of 1834 to 1835. Concord/Boston, 1836.

516a  Parker, Russell N. A History of Galewood. Chicago, 1979.

517    Parkman, Francis. France and England in North America. Boston, 1865-1892.

518    ___. The Jesuits in North America in the Seventeenth Century. Boston, 1870.

519    ___. La Salle and the Discovery of the Great West. Boston, 1897.

520   Patterson, J.B. Life of Ma-Ka-Tai-Me-She Kia-Kiak or Black Hawk, Embracing the Traditions of His Nation – Indian Wars, &c.;, With an Account of the Cause and General History of the Late War, His Surrender and Confinement at Jefferson Barracks, and Travels through the United States. Dictated by Himself. 2nd ed. Boston, 1834.

521    Pattison, William D. “Beginnings of the American Rectangular Land Survey System, 1784-1800.” University of Chicago, Department of Geography research paper N. 50, 1957.

521a  Pauketat, Timothy R. Cahokia · Ancient America`s Great City on the Mississippi. The Penguin Library of American Indian History, Viking, 2009.

522    Pease, Theodore Calvin. The Frontier State, 1818-1848. Springfield, 1908; Chicago, 1918, 1922.

523    ___. The History of Illinois. Chicago, 1925.

524    Pease, Theodore Calvin, and Marguerite Jenison. George Rogers Clark and the Revolution in Illinois, 1763-1787. Springfield, 1929.

525    Pease, Theodore Calvin, and Ray Werner, eds. “The French Foundations, 1860-1893.” Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library 23, 1934.

526    ___. “llinois on the Eve of the Seven Year`s War, 1747-1755.” Collections of the Illinois Historical Library 29, 1940.

527   Peck, John Mason. A Guide for Emigrants, containing Sketches of Illinois, Missouri and the adjacent Parts. Boston, 1831.

528    ___. Letter to Alexander F. Grant, February 17, 1834. Chicago Historical Society.

529    ___. A Gazetteer of Illinois. Boston, 1834.

530   Peckham, Howard H. Old Fort Michilimackinac at Mackinaw City, Michigan. Ann Arbor, 1938.

531    ___. See Brown, Lloyd A., and Howard H. Peckham, eds.

531a  Perrin, J. Nick. Perrin`s History of Illinois. Springfield, 1906.

531b  Personette, Jan. Personal communication, 2011.

532   Petersen, Eugene T. France at Mackinac. A pictorial record of French life and culture 1715-1760. Mackinac Island, Mich., 1968.

533    Peterson, Jacqueline. “Ethnogenesis: Metis Development and Influence in the Great Lakes, 1690-1836.” Ph.D. diss., University of Illinois at Chicago, 1977.

534    ___. ” `Wild Chicago`: The Formation and Destruction of a Multiracial Community on the Midwestern Frontier”; in Melvin G. Holli`s and Peter d`A. Jones`s The Ethnic Frontier: Essays in the History of Group Survival in Chicago and the Midwest.

535    ___. “Goodbye, Madore Beaubien: The Americanization of Early Chicago Society.” Chicago History 9, no. 2, Summer 1980.

536    ___. “The Founding Fathers: The Approach of French-Indian Chicago 1816-1837,” in Melvin G. Holli and Peter d`A. Jones` Ethnic Chicago.

537    ___. New Peoples · Being and Becoming Metis in North America. Lincoln, Nebr., 1985.

537a  Peto, S. Morton. The Resources and Prospects of America. London/New York, 1866.

538    Petraitis, Paul W. “The Road Not Taken · Vanishing Transportation Routes in the Chicago Area.” Conscious Choice, Wild Onion Alliance. Chicago, c.1992.

538a  ___. Ridge Historical Society; personal communication, 2013.

539    Peyster, Arent Schuyler de. See De Peyster, Col. Arent Schuyler.

540    Phillips, George S. Chicago and Her Churches. Chicago, 1868.

541    Phillips, Paul Chrisler. The Fur Trade. Norman, Okla., 1961.

542   Piehl, Frank J. “Shall We Gather at the River.” Chicago History 2, no. 4, 1973, p. 196.

543    Pierce, Bessie Louise. As Others See Chicago: Impressions of Visitors, 1673 to 1933. Chicago, 1933.

544    ___. A History of Chicago (1673 to 1893). 3 vols. New York, 1937-1957; rev. ed., Chicago, 1975.

545    Pinkerton, John, ed. A general collection of the best and most interesting voyages and travels in all parts of the world…. London, 1812.

546    Plumb, Ralph Gordon. History of Navigation of the Great Lakes. Washington, D.C., 1911.

546a  Pokagon, Simon. “The Massacre of Fort Dearborn at Chicago—Gathered from the Traditions of the IndianTribes Engaged in the Massacre, and from the Published Accounts.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine No. 586, March 1899, pp. 649-656.

547    Poole, Ernest. Giants Gone · Men Who Made Chicago. New York/London, 1943.

548    Pooley, William Vipond. The Settlement of Illinois from 1830 to 1850. Madison, 1908.

548a  Poppleton, O. “Memorial Report.” Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society Collections 7, 1886, p. 563.

549    Porter, Rev. Jeremiah. Letter to Rev. Hovey, August 27, 1833. Chicago Historical Society.

550    ___. “The Earliest Religious History of Chicago: An Address Read before the Chicago Historical Society in 1859.” Fergus Historical Series 14, 1881.

550a  Portrait and Biographical Record of DuPage and Cook Counties, Illinois, …. Chicago, 1894.

551    Potter`s American Monthly Magazine. May 1876.

552    Powell, John Wesley Linguistic Stocks of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, D.C., 1891.

552a  Powell, Col. William H. List of Officers of the Army of the United States From 1779 to 1900. New York, 1900.

553    Pratt, Harry E., ed. “John Dean Caton`s Reminiscences of Chicago in 1833 and 1834.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 28, no. 1, 1935.

554    Prescott, Willian H. Ferdinand and Isabella. Philadelphia, 1837.

555    Prucha, Francis Paul. A Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, 1789-1895. Madison, 1964.

556    Prussing, Eugene E. Chicago`s First Great Lawsuit. Madison, 1915.

557    Putnam, James William. The Illinois and Michigan Canal. Chicago, 1918.

558    Quaife, Milo Milton. “Some Notes on the Fort Dearborn Massacre.” Mississippi Valley Historical Association, Proceedings for the Year 1910-1911. Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 1912.

559    ___. Chicago and the Old Northwest, 1673-1835. A Study of the Evolution of the Northwestern Frontier, together with a History of Fort Dearborn. Chicago, 1913; University of Illinois Press, Introduction by Perry R. Duis, 2001.

559a  ___. “Notes and Documents · The Fort Dearborn Massacre,” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 1 (March 1915): 562-73.

560    ___. The Development of Chicago 1674 to 1914, Shown in a Series of Contemporary Original Narratives. Chicago: The Caxton Club, 1916.

561    ___. “The Story of James Corbin, A Soldier of Fort Dearborn.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 3 (September 1916): 217-28.

562    ___. “The Northwestern Career of Jefferson Davis.” Transactions of the Illinois Historical Society 30, 1923.

563    ___. Chicago Highways, Old and New, from Indian Trail to Motor Road. Chicago, 1923; Ann Arbor, 1968.

564    ___. Checagou: From Indian Wigwam to Modern City, 1637-1835. Chicago, 1933.

565    ___. Lake Michigan/The American Lakes Series. Indianapolis, 1944.

566    Quaife, Milo Milton, ed. Publications of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Madison, 1916.

567    ___. “Documents: The Chicago Treaty of 1833.” Wisconsin Magazine of History 1, no. 1, 1917.

568    ___. Pictures from Illinois One-Hundred Years Ago. Chicago, 1918.

569    ___. “Documents: Property of Jean Baptiste Point Sable,” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 15 (June 1928): 89-92.

570    ___. “Documents: General James Wilkinson`s Narrative of the Fallen Timbers Campaign.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 16, 1929, pp. 81-90.

571    ___. History of the Ordinance of 1787 and the Old Northwest Territory. Marietta, Ohio, 1937.

571a  ___. War on the Detroit. “The Chronicles of Thomas Verchères de Boucherville and The Capitulation by an Ohio Volunteer.” Chicago, 1940.

572    ___. The Siege of Detroit in 1763 – The Journal of Pontiac`s Conspiracy and John Rutherfurd`s Narrative of a Captivity. Chicago, 1958.

572a  ___. “Points in Illinois History—A Symposium.” Illinois Catholic History Review 5, 1922-1923.

573   Quimby, George I. Indian Life in the Upper Great Lakes. Chicago, 1961.

574   Quinn, D.B. See Cumming, W.P., R.A. Skelton, and D.B. Quinn.

575   Rathburn, Mary Yeater. The Illinois and Michigan Canal. Springfield, 1980.

576    Rawlings, Eleanor C. “Wygnancy Polscy w Illinois.” Illinois State Historical Society, Report, May 12, 1927.

577   Rawlings, Isaac D., M.S., M.D. The Rise and Fall of Disease in Illinois. Springfield, 1927.

577a  Read, David. Personal communication from a Luther Hatch descendant, 2005.

578    Records of the American Catholic Society of Philadelphia. (Philadelphia) 20:259-64, 1909.

578a  Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Groups 11, 75 [detailed in Archie Motley`s “Manuscript Sources on Frontier Chicago”]. National Archives, Washington, D.C.

579   Reed, Charles Bert, M.D. Masters of the Wilderness. Chicago, 1814.

580    Reeling, Viola Crouch. Evanston, Its Land and Its People. Evanston, 1926.

580a  Reiff, Janice L. See Grossman, James F., Ann Durkin Keating, and Janice L. Reiff, with Michael P. Conzen, eds.

581    Repplier, Agnes. Pére Marquette. New York, 1929.

582    Reps, John W. The Making of Urban America. Princeton, 1986.

582a   Rethford, Wayne, and June Skinner Sawyers. The Scots of Chicago. Dubuque, Iowa, 1997.

583    Reynolds, John. My Own Times, Embracing also The History of My Life. Chicago, 1879.

584   ___. The Pioneer History of Illinois, Containing The Discovery In 1673 And The History Of The Country To The Year 1818, When The State Government Was Organized. Belleville, Ill., 1852; Chicago, 1887.

585    Rezek, Antoine Ivan. History of the Diocese of Sault Ste. Marie and Marquette Containing a Full and Accurate Account of the Development of the Catholic Church in Upper Michigan…. Houghton, Mich., 1906-1907.

585a   Rice, Col. James M. Peoria · City and County · Illinois · A Record of Settlement, Organization, Progress and Achievement. Volume 1:102-106. Chicago, 1912.

585b  Richesin, Rev. L. Dale, ed. The First Presbyterian Church of Chicago · Born in the Fort · 1833-1983. Chicago, 1983.

586    Richmond, C.W., and H.F. Valette. A History of the County of Du Page, Illinois. Chicago, 1857.

587    Roberts, Robert B. Encyclopedia of Historic Forts – The Military, Pioneer and Trading Posts of the United States. New York/London, 1988.

588  [Robinson, Alexander] “Article on the life and times of Alexander Robinson, at the occasion of his recent death, based on earlier interviews with the deceased.” Chicago Tribune, May 14, 1872.

589    Robson, Charles, ed. The Biographical Encyclopædia of Illinois of the Nineteenth Century. Philadelphia, 1875.

589a  Rosengarten, Jim. Personal communication from curator, Wilderness Trail Museum, Fort Loramie, Ohio.

590  Ross, Harvey Lee. The Early Pioneers and Pioneer Events of the State of Illinois. Chicago, 1899.

591   Rousseau, Jacques, and George W. Brown. “The Indians of Northeastern North America.” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. 1. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1966.

592   Rudd, Edward H. The Laws and Ordinances of the City of Chicago, Passed in Common Council. Chicago, 1839. [contains the first business directory of Chicago; reprinted in Hurlbut`s Chicago Antiquities….]

593   Sabin, Joseph. A Dictionary of Books Relating to America, from its Discovery to the Present Time. 29 vols. New York, 1886-1936.

593b  [San Francisco County] Federal Census, San Francisco County, California · 1870, 1880.

594    St. Clair, Arthur. The St. Clair Papers; The Life and Public Services of Arthur St. Clair, Soldier of the Revolutionary War; President of the Continental Congress; and Governor of the North-Western Territory. With his Correspondence and other Papers. Edited by William Henry Smith. Cincinnati, 1882.

595    [St. Clair County] History of St. Clair County, Illinois. Philadelphia, 1881.

596    Sanders, William T., and Joseph Marino. New World Prehistory/Archaeology of the American Indian. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1970.

596a  Sauer, Carl Ortwin, Gilbert H. Cady, and Henry C. Cowles. “Starved Rock State Park and Its Environs.” The Geographic Society of Chicago · Bulletin No. 6. Chicago, 1918.

596b  Saxe, Stephen O., ed. Specimen of Printing Types from the Boston Type and Stereotype Foundry, Samuel N. Dickinson, Printer. Boston, 1832; rev. ed., New York, 1989.

597    Scammon, Hon. J. Young, and Hon. Isaac N. Arnold, et al. “Addresses Delivered at the Annual Meeting of the Chicago Historical Society, November 19th, 1868.” Fergus Historical Series 10, 1877.

597a  Schapper, Ferdinand. Southern Cook County Before the Civil War · Early Settlers and Their Families, Vol. II. Chicago, 1917.

598    Schick, L. Chicago and Its Environs, a Handbook for the Traveller. Chicago, 1891.

599    Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe. Narrative Journal of Travels Through the Northwestern Regions of the United States, extending from Detroit through the Great Chain of American Lakes, to the Sources of the Mississippi River, Performed as a Member of the Expedition under Governor Cass in the Year 1820. Albany, N.Y., 1821; Philadelphia, 1855; Ann Arbor, 1966.

600    ___. Travels in the Central Portions of the Mississippi Valley: Comprising Observations on its Mineral, Georgraphy, Internal Resources and Aboriginal Population. Performed under the Sanction of Government, in the Year 1821. New York, 1825; Milwood, N.Y., 1975.

601   ___. Notes on the Iroquois; Or Contributions to American History, Antiquities, and General Ethnology. Albany, N.Y., 1847.

602   ___. Personal Memoirs of a Residence of Thirty Years with the Indian Tribes on the American Frontier, with Brief Notices of Passing Events, Facts, and Opinions, A.D. 1812 to A.D. 1842. Philadelphia, 1851.

603    ___. Historical and Statistical Information Respecting the History, Condition and Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United States. 6 vols. Philadelphia, 1851-1857. [Vol. 4 contains Schoolcraft`s 1820 sketch of Chicago, adapted by Seth Eastman.]

604    ___.Summary Narrative of an Exploratory Expedition to the Source of the Mississippi River, in 1820: resumed and completed, by the Discovery of its Origin in Itaska Lake, in 1832, with Appendices. Philadelphia, 1855.

604a   Schultz, Rima Lunin, and Adele Hast, eds. Women Building Chicago · 1790-1990 · A Biographical Dictionary. Bloomington, Ind., 2001.

604b   Schoon, Kenneth J. University of Indiana; personal communication, 2006;

604c  Schoon, Kenneth J. Calumet Beginnings. Bloomington & Indianapolis, 2003.

605   Schwartz, Seymour I., and Ralph E. Ehrenberg. The Mapping of America. New York, 1980.

606   [Scott, Willis] “An Old Settler/Mr. Willis Scott`s Reminiscences of Young Chicago.” Chicago Tribune, November 12, 1875.

607    Scott, Winfield. Memoirs of Lieutenant-General Scott, LL.D. New York, 1864.

608    Seeger, Eugene. Chicago, The Wonder City. Chicago, 1893.

609    Seelye, Elizabeth E. Tecumseh and the Shawnee Prophet. Chicago, 1878.

610   Shapiro, Dena. “Indian Tribes and Trails in the Chicago Region.” Master`s thesis, University of Chicago, 1929.

611    Shea, John Gilmary. Discovery and Exploration of the Mississippi Valley, with the Original Narratives of Marquette, Allouez, Membré, Hennepin, and Anastase Douay. New York, 1853; Albany, N.Y., 1903.

612    ___. History of the Catholic Missions Among the Indian Tribes of the United States, 1529-1854. New York, 1855, 1973.

613    ___. Early Voyages Up and Down the Mississippi by Cavelier, St. Cosme, Le Sueur, Gravier and Guignas, with an Introduction and an Index. Albany, N.Y., 1861, 1902.

614    ___. Also see Charlevoix, P.F.X. de; Hennepin, Louis.

615   Sheen, Dan R. Location of Fort Crevecoeur. Peoria, 1919.

616    Sheldon, Electra M. Early History of Michigan, From the First Settlement to 1815. New York, 1846.

617   Shenstone, William. The Poetical Works of Wm. Shenstone, Esqr. Edinburgh, 1771.

617a   Sheppard, Robert. See Hurd, Harvey B., LL.D., and Robert D. Sheppard, D.D., eds.

618    Shirreff, Patrick. A Tour Through North America; Together with a Comprehensive View of the Canadas and the United States, as Adapted for Agricultural Emigration. Edinburgh, 1835.

619    Simmons, Noah, M.D. Heroes and Heroines of the Fort Dearborn Massacre. Romantic and Tragic History of Corporal John Simmons and His Heroic Wife, Also of the First White Child Born in Chicago. The last Survivor of the Horrid Butchery. A Full and True Recital of Marvellous Fortitude, Matchless Courage and Terrible Suffering During the Battle, the March and the Captivity. Lawrence, Kans., 1896.

620   Simond, Charles, directeur. “Chicago.” Bibliothèque Illustrée des Voyages autour du Monde par terre et par mer 35, June 1898.

621    Skelton, R.A. See Cumming, W.P., R.A. Skelton, and D.B. Quinn.

622    ___. See Bagrow, Leo, and R.A. Skelton.

622a   Skinner, Alanson. “The Mascoutens or Prairie Potawatomi Indians, Social Life and Ceremonies.” Bulletin of the Public Museum of the City of Milwaukee Vol. 6, No. 1. Milwaukee, Wis., 1924, 1970.

622b   Skilnik, Bob. The History of Beer and Brewing in Chicago · 1833-1978. St. Paul, Minn., 1999.

623    Smith, Alice E. George Smith`s Money – A Scottish Investor in America. Madison, 1966.

624   Smith, Alice E., ed. Guide to the Manuscripts of the Wisconsin Historical Society. Madison, 1944.

625    Smith, Dwight L., ed. From Greene Ville to Fallen Timbers. Indianapolis, 1952.

626    Smith, Herman Dunlop. The Des Plaines River, 1673 to 1940. A Brief Consideration of Its Names and History. Lake Forest, Ill., 1940.

627    Smith, Henry Justin. See Lewis, Lloyd, and Henry Justin Smith.

627a  Smith, Kristin. Personal communication from a direct family descendant of Michael Diversey, 2007. Information based on family papers.

628    Smith, William, M.D. Letter to James May, dated Fort Dearborn, December 9, 1803. Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library.

629    Sparks, Jared. “Life of Father Marquette.” Library of American Biography, 1st series. New York, 1848.

630   Sperry, F.M. A Group of Distinguished Physicians and Surgeons of Chicago. Chicago, 1904.

631    Sproat, Granville T. “Chicago Life in 1833.” Chicago Tribune, December 12, 1886.

632   Stackhouse, Perry J. Chicago and the Baptists, A Century of Progress. Chicago, 1933.

632a Statute for the Illinois Territory, March 1, 1809. [684a, ch. 13 {1809}, pp. 514-15]

632b  Statute for the Indiana Territory, July 4, 1800. [684a, ch. 41 {1800}, pp. 58-59]

633    Steck, Francis Borgia. The Jolliet-Marquette Expedition. Quincy, Ill., 1928.

634    ___. Marquette Legends. New York, 1960.

634a  Steding, Walter. Personal communication, 2013.

634b  Stevens, Frank E. The Black Hawk War, including a Review of Black Hawk`s Life. Chicago, 1903.

635    ___. “Pierre La Sallier: Lee County`s First White Settler.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 30, April 1937-January 1938, pp. 345-52.

636    Steward, John F. Lost Maramech and Earliest Chicago. Chicago, 1903.

637    ___. “Chicago – Origin of the Name of the City and the Old Portages.” Transactions of the Illinois Historical Society 9, 1904, pp. 460-66.

637a   Stewart, Aura P. “Recollections of Aura P. Stewart, of St. Clair County, of Things Relating to the Early Settlement of Michigan.” Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society Collections 4, 1883, pp. 324-354.

638   Stoddard, Amos. Sketches, Historical and Descriptive, of Louisiana. Philadelphia, 1812.

639   Stoddard, Francis H. The Life and Letters of Charles Butler. New York, 1903.

640   Storm, Colton. “Lieutenant John Armstrong`s Map of the Illinois River.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 37, 1944.

641    Storrow, Samuel Appleton. “Tour of the Northwest, 1817,” in Milo Quaife`s The Development of Chicago 1674 to 1914, Shown in a Series of Contemporary Original Narratives.

642    Straus, Terry, ed. Indians of the Chicago Area. Chicago, 1990.

642a  ___. Native Chicago. Chicago, 2002.

643    Strong, William Duncan. Indian Tribes of the Chicago Region. Chicago, 1938.

643a  Sturtevant, William C., ed. Handbook of North American Indians. Vols. 4-11, 15, 17. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1988-1996.

643b  Sugden, John. Tecumseh, A Life. New York, 1997.

644    Sutton, Robert P., ed. The Prairie State. Colonial Years to 1860. A Documentary History of Illinois. Grand Rapids, Mich., 1976.

645    Swagerty, William R., with John S. Aubrey. America in 1492 · American Civilization on the Eve of the Columbus Voyage. Chicago: Newberry Library, 1992.

646    Swearingen, James Strode. Journal, typescript; also copy of MS (original in Ross County [Ohio] Historical Society). Chicago Historical Society.

647    Swenson. John F. “Chicagoua/Chicago: The Origin, Meaning, and Etymology of a place name.” Illinois Historical Journal 84, Winter 1991, p. 235 ff.

647a  ___. “Chicagoua/Chicago: The Herbal Origins of a Place Name.” The Herbalist, 1990.

648   ___. “A French Trader named Pagé: The Origin of DuPage.” DuPage History 3, 1996.

649    ___. Personal communication with author.

649a  ___. “Historian Uncovers New Data on Old Log House.” Winnetka Historical Society Gazette, Spring/Summer 2002, p. 1.

650    Taliaferro, Lawrence. “Auto-Biography of Maj. Lawrence Taliaferro,” Collections of the Minnesota Historical Society 6, 1894, pp. 189-255.

651    Tanner, Helen Hornbeck, ed. Atlas of Great Lakes Indian History. London/Norman, 1987.

652    Tanner, John. A Narrative of the Captivity and Adventures of John Tanner. New York, 1830.

653    Taylor, James. Sketches of Some of the Early Settlers of the City of Chicago. Chicago, 1876.

654    Taylor, Mrs. Charles A. “Life in Chicago Seventy Years Ago. Experiences of Mrs. Charles A. Taylor, Daughter of Mrs. Almira Willcox of Detroit, Mich. in 1832-`33-`34. Compiled from Her Diary by Mrs. Julia Willcox Tenney of Boston.” Chicago Sunday Tribune. Part Six., page 46, September 20, 1903.

655    Temple, Wayne C. Indian Villages of the Illinois Country – Historic Tribes. Springfield, 1987.

656    ___. See Tucker, Sara Jones, and Wayne C. Temple.

656a   Territorial Papers of the United States. Vols. 2, 3, 7, 8, 16, 17. Edited by Clarence E. Carter. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1934-1948.

656b  Therry, R., Esq. The Speeches of the Right Honourable George Canning · With a Memoir of his Life. 6 vols. London, 1828.

657    Thévenot, Melchisédech. Recueil de Voyages. Dedié au Roy. Paris, 1681. [includes Carte de la decouverte faite l`an 1673 dans l`Amerique Septentrionale, similar to and apparently drawn from the Manitoumie maps]

657a  Thompson Bro`s. & Burr, publisher. Combination Atlas Map of DuPage County, Illinois. Elgin, Ill., 1874. Reprint, DuPage County Historical Society, 1975.

657b  Thompson, Joseph J. “Irish in Chicago.” Illinois Catholic Historical Review 3, no. 1, July, 1920.

657c  ___. “The First Chicago Church Records.” Illinois Catholic Historical Review 3, no. 1, July, 1920; 4, no. 1, July, 1921.

658    ___. “The First Catholics in and about Chicago.” Illinois Catholic Historical Review 3, January 1921.

659    ___. “Chicagou – the Grand Chief of the Illinois, Protonym of the Western Metropolis.” Illinois Catholic Historical Review 7, 1924-1925.

660    Thompson, Richard A. DuPage Roots. DuPage Historical Society, 1985.

660a  Thorpe, Francis Newton, ed. The Federal and State Constitutions, Colonial Charters, and other organic Laws of State, Territories, and Colonies now or heretofore forming the United States of America. Vol. 2. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1909.

661    Thurston, Henry. The Sanitary History of Chicago. Chicago, 1901.

662     Thurston, John Gates. A Journal of a trip to Illinois in 1836. Mount Pleasant, Mich., 1971.

663     Thwaites, Reuben Gold. Father Marquette. New York, 1902.

664    ___. France in America, 1497-1763. New York, 1905.

664a  ___. “Preface.” Wisconsin Historical Collections 19, 1910

665   Thwaites, Reuben Gold, ed. The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents – Travels and Explorations of the Jesuit Missionaries in New France, 1610-1791. (Cleveland) 73 vols. 1896-1901. Also see Kenton, Edna.

666    ___. French Regime in Wisconsin. Madison, 1902-1908.

667    ___. Early Western Travels, 1748-1846, A Series of Annotated Reprints of Some of the Best and Rarest Contemporary Volumes of Travel, Descriptive of the Aborigines and Social and Economic Conditions in the Middle and Far West, During the Period of Early American Settlement. 32 vols. Cleveland, 1904-1907.

668    ___. Frontier Defense on the Upper Ohio, 1777-1778. Madison, 1912.

669    ___. Also see Hennepin, Louis; Lahontan, baron de.

670    Tipton, John. John Tipton Papers · Indiana Historical Collections, Vol. 1, pp. 244-80. Indiana State Library, Indianapolis.

671    Todd, John Howard, A.B. Illinois, “Thy Wondrous Story” A Collection of 365 Stories of Persons and Events covering the State`s History from the Days of the French Explorers down to the Present. Chicago, 1914.

672    Tonti, Henri, de. Dernieres découvertes dans L`Amerique Septentrionale de M. de La Sale; mises au jour par M. le chevalier Tonti, gouverneur du Fort Saint Loüis, aux Islinous. Paris, 1697.

673    ___. An Account of Monsieur de la Salle`s last Expedition and Discoveries in North America…. Made English from the Paris original. London, 1698.

674    ___. Relation of Henry Tonti Concerning the Explorations of La Salle from 1678 to 1683. Translated by Melville B. Anderson. Chicago: The Caxton Club, 1898.

675    Tooke, Thomas, and William Newmarch. A History of Prices and of the State of the Circulation from 1792 to 1856. 6 vols. London, 1838-1857; 2nd ed. with introduction by T.E. Gregory, London/New York, 1928.

676    Tooley, R.V. Maps and Mapmakers. New York, 1987.

677    Towsley, Genevieve. Historic Naperville. Naperville, 1975.

678    Travis, Dempsey J. An Autobiography of Black Politics. Chicago, 1987.

679    [Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494] Tratado de limites das conquistas entre os muito altos, e ponderosos senhores D. Joao V. rey de Portugal, e D. Fernando VI. rey de Espanha, pelo qual abolida a demarcaado da linha meridiana, ajustada no Tratado de Tordesillas de 7. de junho de 1494, se determina individualmente a raya dos dominos de huma e outra coroa na America meridional. Lisbon, 1750.

679a   Trowbridge, Charles C. “Detroit, Past and Present: In Relation To Its Social and Physical Condition.” Pioneer Society of Michigan Vol. 1: 371-82. Lansing, Mich., 1877.

680    Trudel, Marcel. “New France, 1524-1713,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. 1. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1966.

681    Tucker, Sara J. Indian Villages of the Illinois Country. Part I, Atlas. Springfield, 1942.

682    Tucker, Sara Jones, and Wayne C. Temple. Atlas and Supplement, Indian Villages of the Illinois Country. Springfield, 1975.

683    Turner, Frederick Jackson. “Character and Influence of the Indian Trade in Wisconsin. A Study of the Trading Post as an Institution.” Education, History, and Politics, 9th ser., no. 11-12. John Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md., 1891. Reprint, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1977.

684   Tuttle, F.B. “The Calumet Club,” in Rufus Blanchard`s Discovery and Conquest of the Northwest, with the History of Chicago, p. 735.

684a  United States. Statutes at Large of the United States of America, 1789-1873. Vol. 2. Boston, Mass., 1845.

685    United States Seventh Circuit Court For The Northern District of Illinois. Testimony in the Case George C. Bates vs. Illinois Central Rail Road Company. Chicago, October term 1858; September term 1859. [Newberry Library, Chicago]

686    Valette, H.F. See Richmond, C.W., and H.F. Valette.

687     Vandiveer, Clarence A. The Fur-Trade and Early Western Exploration. Cleveland, 1929.

688     VanStone, James W. “Canadian Trade Silver From Indian Graves in Northern Illinois.” The Wisconsin Archeologist 51, No. 1, March 1970, pp. 21-30.

689    Varnum, Jacob Butler. Journal, pertaining to his life and activity as factor at Fort Dearborn from 1816-1822. Chicago Historical Society.

689a  Vennema, John. Personal communication; 930 East 19th Avenue, Spokane, WA 99203

690    Vespucci, Amerigo. See Waldseemüller, Martin.

690a  Vespucci, Amerigo. The Solderini Letter. Strasburg, 1509.

691   Vieau, Andrew J., Sr. “Narrative of Andrew J. Vieau, Sr.,” Wisconson Historical Collections 11, 1888.

692    Vierling, Philip E. A Self Guided Loop Hiking Trail to the Chicago Portage National Historic Site. Chicago, 1973, 1974, 1988.

692a  ___. Grassland Parks of Northeastern Illinois. Chicago, 1976.

692aa  ___. Hiking the Illinois & Michigan Canal and Exploring Its Environs. Chicago, 1986.

692b  ___. Early Water Powered Mills of the Des Plaines River and its Tributaries, Illinois. 2 vols. Chicago, 1995.

692c  ___. Chicago Portage Ledger · Friends of the Chicago Portage National Historic Site Newsletter & Guide. Vol. 1 No. 1, January/June; “The Riverside Embankment,” No. 2, July/August 2000.

692d  ___. “The Des Plaines River of the Fur Trade Era – 3,” Chicago Portage Ledger Vol. 5 No. 5, September/December 2004.

692e  ___. “The Fur Trade in Illinois – 2,” Chicago Portage Ledger Vol. 6 No. 2, May/August 2005.

692f  ___. “Hubbard Trail, the VincennesTrace, and Illinois` First State Road,” Chicago Portage Ledger Vol. 8 No. 1, January/April 2007.

692g  ___. “The Kankakee and Iroquois Rivers,” Chicago Portage Ledger Vol. 8 No. 2, May/August 2007.

692h  ___. “The North Unit Tour,” Chicago Portage Ledger Vol. 9 No. 3, September/December 2008.

692i  ___. “The Fur Trade in Illinois – 6 · The Calumet Region,” Chicago Portage Ledger Vol. 10 No. 1, January/April 2009.

692j  ___. “Trade Goods and Trading,” Chicago Portage Ledger Vol. 11 No. 3, September/December 2010.

692k  ___. “The Kinzie Conundrum,” Chicago Portage Ledger Vol. 12 No. 3, September/December 2011.

692l  ___. “Where was the Du Sable farm of 1790,” Chicago Portage Ledger Vol. 13 No. 2, May/August 2012.

692m  ___. “Finding the true Laughton Ford, Laughton Tavern, and Laughton Trading Post,” Chicago Portage Ledger Vol. 14 No. 3, September/December 2013.

692n  ___. “The True Founder of Chicago.” Chicago Portage Ledger Vol. 16, No. 3 September/December 20…

693    Viger, Jacques. “Ma Sabredache Rouge.” F Archives du Séminaire des Missions Étrangeres. Quebec, 1844.

693a   Villiers du Terrage, Marc, baron de. Histoire de la Nouvelle Orléans (1717-1722). Paris, 1917.

694    ___. La découverte du Missouri et l`histoire du Fort d`Orléans (1673-1728). Paris, 1925.

694a  ___. La Louisiane, histoire de son nom et ses frontières successives (1681-1819). Paris, 1929.

694b  ___. “Codex canadiensis,” Les raretés des Indes. Paris, 1930. [The value of this work rests in its superb illustrations by Louis Nicolas, S.J.; eds.]

694c  ___. L’expedition de Cavelier de La Salle dans le golfe du Mexique (1684-1687). Paris, 1931.

695    Viola, Herman J. Exploring the West. Washington, D.C., 1987.

695a  Viskochil, Larry A. “Chicago`s Bicentennial Photographer: Charles D. Mosher.” Chicago History 5 no. 2:95-104, Summer 1976.

696    Vogel, Virgil J. “Mystery of Chicago`s Name.” Mid-America 40, July 1958.

697    ___. Indian Place Names in Illinois. Springfield, 1963.

697a  Vose, George L. A Sketch of the Life and Works of George Washington Whistler. Boston/New York, 1887.

698    Wade, Richard C. See Mayer, Harold M., and Richard C. Wade.

699    Wakefield, John Allen. History of the War between the United States and the Sac and Fox Nations of Indians, and Parts of Other Disaffected Tribes of Indians, in the Years Eighteen Hundred and Twenty-Seven, Thirty-One, and Thirty-Two. Jacksonville, Ill., 1834.

700    Walton, Ivan H. “Origin of Names of the Great Lakes.” Names Magazine 3, December 1955.

700a  Wandschneider, Pauline. See Dunham, Montrew, and Pauline Wandschneider.

701    Wasson, Isabel B. “A Village Grows up on a Sandbar.” Forest Leaves (River Forest, Ill.), June 22, 1977.

702   Waterman, Arba N. Historical Review of Chicago and Cook County. 3 vols. Chicago/New York, 1908.

703    Webb, George. Chronological List of Engagements Between the Regular Army of the United States and Various Tribes of Hostile Indians which Occured during the Years 1790 to 1898 Inclusive. New York, 1976.

704    Weik, Jesse W. “An Unpublished Chapter in the Early History of Chicago. Reminiscences of James Bucklin, chief engineer of the Illinois and Michigan Canal.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 7, no. 4, January 1915.

705    Wendt, Lloyd. Swift Walker. An Informal Biography of Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard. Chicago/Washington D.C., 1986.

706    Wentworth, Hon. John, LL.D. “Early Chicago: A Sunday Lecture Read in McCormick`s Hall April 11, 1875; With Supplemental Notes.” First lecture, Fergus Historical Series 8. Second lecture [May 6, 1876], Fergus Historical Series 7, 1876.

707    ___. Reception to the Settlers of Chicago, prior to 1840, by the Calumet Club, May 27, 1879. Containing Club Members` Names; Origin of Reception; Record of Old Settlers invited; Reception; Speeches of Rev. Stephen R. Beggs, Gen. Henry Strong, Ex-Chief Justice John Dean Caton, Judge Henry W. Blodgett, Judge James Grant, Hon. John Wentworth, Judge Grant Goodrich, Hon. J. Young Scammon, and Hon. William Bross; Tables showing places of birth, year of arrival, and age of those who attended and signed Register; Appendix with letters from John Watkins, Norman K. Towner, Rev. Flavel Bascom, Major-General David Hunter, Judge Ebenezer Peck, Rev. Jeremiah Porter, and the names from whom brief letters of regret were received; Extracts from Chicago Tribune and Evening Journal; and Register of Old Settlers; with names, date of arrival, birthplace, age and present address. Chicago, 1879.

708    ___. Early Chicago. Fort Dearborn · An Address Delivered at the Unveiling of the Memorial Tablet to mark the Site of the Block-House, on Saturday Afternoon, May 21st, 1881, under the Auspices of the Chicago Historical Society, to which have been added Notes and an Appendix. Fergus Historical Series 16, 24. Chicago, 1881.

709    Wentworth, Hon. John, et al. “Chicago River-and-Harbor Convention; An account of Its Origin and Proceedings.” Fergus Historical Series 18, 1882.

709a  Werner, Morris W. “Indian Agencies and Villages in Kansas,”

710   Werner, Ray. See Pease, Theodore Calvin, and Ray Werner, eds.

710a  Westchester Township. “Images of America.” Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, S.C., 1998.

711    Western Historical Company, publisher. History of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Chicago, 1881.

711a  Western Springs · A Centennial History of the Village 1886-1986. The Western Springs Historical Society, Western Springs, Ill., 1985.

712    White, John J. Arithmetic Simplified: Being a Plain, Practical System, Adapted to the Capacity of Youth, and Designed for the Use of Schools, in the United States. Hartford, Conn., 1819.

713    White, Marian A. Book of the Western Suburbs. Chicago, 1912.

714    Whitney, Ellen M., ed. “The Black Hawk War, 1831-1832.” Illinois State Historical Library vols. 36-38, spring 1973.

715    Who Was Who in America · Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Rev. ed. Chicago, 1967.

715a   Widder, Keith. See Armour, David, and Keith Widder.

716    Wieser, R. von, Fr. See Fisher, Joseph S.J. and Fr. R. von Wieser.

717    Wildmann, U. Bin ka Histórica. Jinotega, Nicaragua, 1928.

717a   Wilford, John Noble. “Map That Named America May Call It Home.” The New York Times, September 4, 2001, p. D1.

718    Wilkie, William E. Dubuque on the Mississippi, 1788-1988. Dubuque, Iowa, 1987.

719   Will, Drake W. “The Medical and Surgical Practice of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.” Reprint, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 1959, pp. 273-97.

719a  Williams, Ephraims S. “Personal Remembrances.” Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society Collections 8, 1886, pp. 233-259.

720   Willman, H.B. Summary of the Geology of the Chicago Area. Urbana, Ill., 1971.

721   Wilson, Clyde N., and W. Edwin Hemphill, eds. The Papers of John C. Calhoun. Vols. 5-12 Columbia, S.C., 1971-1979.

722   Wilson, James Grant. “Chicago from 1803-1812.” Manuscript of 1905, never published; in the Chicago History Museum Library.

723   ___. “A Sketch of Fort Dearborn.” Historical Magazine 6, no. 4, April 1862, pp. 108-09.

724   ___. “Sketch of the Life of Lieutenant James Strode Swearingen, Together with the Journal kept by him on the March from Detroit to Chicago in 1803.” New York Herald, October 4, 1903.

725   Winans, Susan Simmons. Papers and affidavits establishing birth at Fort Dearborn, February 18, 1812. Chicago Historical Society.

726    Winslow, Charles Spaulding. Historical Events of Chicago. Chicago, 1937.

727   ___. Historic Goose Island. Chicago, 1938.

728   Winslow, Charles Spaulding, ed. Chicago History: Articles of Historic Interest from Chicago Newspapers and Magazines. 7 vols. Chicago, 1934. [December 10, 1836 to May 24, 1914]

729    ___. Indians of the Chicago Region. Chicago, 1946.

729a  Winslow, Damon A. “Early History of Berrien County.” Pioneer Society of Michigan Vol. 1: 120-25. Lansing, Mich., 1877.

730   Winsor, Justin. Spanish exploration and settlements in America from the Fifteenth to the Seventeenth Century. Boston, 1886.

731   ___. Cartier to Frontenac: Geographical Discovery in the Interior of North America in Its Historical Relations, 1534-1700. Boston/New York, 1894.

732   ___. The Cabot Controversies and the Right of England to North America. Cambridge, Mass., 1896.

732a  ___. The Westward Movement · The Colonies and the republic west of the Alleghenies,1763-1798. Boston/New York, 1897.

732b  Winsor, Justin, ed. Narrative and Critical History of America. 8 vols. Boston/New York, 1884-1889. Reprint, New York, 1967.

732c  Wisby, Gary. “Bobcat Finds a Home in Du Page Woods.” Chicago Sun-Times, Sept. 4, 2008.

732d  Witherell, B.P.H. “Reminiscences of the Northwest, VIII.–Incidents, 1807-1814.” Wisconsin Historical Collections v. 3, 1857.

732e  Woehrmann, Paul. “At the Headwaters of the Maumee · A History of the Forts of Fort Wayne.” Indiana Historical Society Publicaions 24, Indianapolis, 1971.

733   Wood, David Ward. Chicago and its Distinguished Citizens, or the Progress of Forty Years. Chicago, 1881.

734    Woodruff, Hon. George H. History of Will County. Chicago: Wm. Le Baron, Jr. & Co., 1878.

734a  Woods, John. Two Years’ Residence in the Settlement on the English Prairie, in the Illinois Country, United States. With an Account of its Animal and Vegetable Productions, Agriculture, &c.; &c.; A Description of the Principal Towns, Villages, &c.; &c.; With the Habits and Customs of the Back-Woodsmen. London, 1822. Reprint, edited by Paul M. Angle. Chicago, 1968.

734b  Wright, Charlie L. “Chicago/Cook County Pioneer Ancestor – Antoine Wilmet.” Chicago Genealogist 33, no. 4, Summer 2001.

735  Wright, John Stephen. Chicago: Past, Present, Future: Relations to the Great Interior and to the Continent. Chicago, 1868.

735aa  issue March/April 2004, Joseph Kellog of Deerfield, 1691-1756.

735    Wyant, Elizabeth, ed. “A Merchant of Early Chicago, Four Letters of Eri Baker Hulbert.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 28, September 1944, pp. 100-09.

736    Young, William T. Sketch of the Life and Public Services of General Lewis Cass. 2nd ed. Detroit, 1852.

738  Zeuch, Lucius H., M.D. History of Medical Practice in Illinois. Chicago, 1927.

739    Zeuch, Lucius H., M.D. See Knight, Robert, and Lucius H. Zeuch, M.D.