Monuments letter F

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Forbes Residence – boulder marker west of the Riverside train station, inscribed: “Site of first home built in Cook County west of Chicago by its first elected sheriff – Stephen Van Rensselaer Forbes – 1831 – Only voting place of Cook County for its first colonel of the state militia – Jean Baptiste Beaubien – June 7, 1834.” Forbes first acquired a 160-acre homestead in 1830 and built a large log house the following year; he was elected sheriff of Cook County in 1832.

Forest Home Cemetery – early Potawatomi burial ground along the Des Plaines River, some acreage of which [see] Leon Bourassa bought prior to 1835, built a cabin on, and lived there with his Potawatomi wife; in 1851 the land was acquired by Ferdinand Haase and in 1873 it became a cemetery in Forest Park, now rich in local historical monuments as indicated by the circled numbers on the accompanying map. For monuments relevant to Chicago’s early history prior to 1836 see listing below, with individual entries on these subjects to be found in the Monument Section for items [6], [10] and [13], and in the Encyclopedic Section for items [14], [16] and [37]. The Indian Trail Marker [6] is in Section 38. The Indian Cemetery Marker [10] is in Section 27. The Hitching Post[13] is in Section 9. The Abram Gale family grave site [14], lots 46 & 47, is in Section 36. Joseph Kettlestrings family grave site [16], lot 238, is in Section 1. Ashbel Steele family grave site [37], lot 274, is in Section 1. [503a]

Forest Park Library – on permanent display in the history room of the library is a collection of authentic Indian silver jewelry from Indian graves in the Chicago area. The artifacts were traded sometime between 1760 and 1820, when silversmiths in Quebec and Montreal crafted laminated ware for the North West Company. They include wristbands, armbands, brooches, gorgets, and earrings. Arrowheads, pottery shards, and early stone axes are also exhibited; located on 7555 Jackson Boulevard, Forest Park, IL; call (708) 366-7171.

Fort Crevecoeur – 1939 · mural in the Oak Park post office entitled “The Foundation of Fort Crevecoeur.” The fort was built near the lower end of Peoria Lake by La Salle and Tonti in January 1680, but was destroyed by mutinous party members before the end of the same year. Artist: J. Theodore Johnson.

Fort Dearborn – also see Historic Panels.

Fort Dearborn – 1922 · bronze bas-relief tablet at the southwest corner of Michigan Avenue and Wacker Drive on the London Guarantee and Accident Building erected in 1922, to indicate and illustrate the site of Fort Dearborn, inscribed: “Fort Dearborn Destroyed · 1858 – Office Building Erected · 1922 – This building is erected on the site of Fort Dearborn”; replaced the marble tablet of the previous entry. [This bronze bas-relief could no longer be located by the editors as of 1998.]

Fort Dearborn – 1971 · bronze plaque at northwest corner of Michigan Avenue and Wacker Drive, inscribed: “Chicago Landmark – Site of Fort Dearborn 1803 – Fort Dearborn served as the major western garrison of the United States until destroyed during an Indian uprising in August of 1812. A second fort, erected on the same site in 1816, was demolished in 1856. – Designated a Chicago landmark on September 15, 1971 by the City Council of Chicago, Richard J. Daley, Mayor – Commission on Chicago Historical and Architectural Landmarks.”

Fort Dearborn Flag – a military flag of the Fort Dearborn era, now preserved at the Chicago History Museum.

Fort Dearborn I – bronze plaque on The London Guarantee and Accident Building [1923] at 360 N. Michigan Avenue showing the first Fort Dearborn with two Indians near the stockade in bas-relief, inscribed: “Here · Stood Old · Fort · Dearborn 1803 – 1812.” Near the plaque, bronze markers have been placed in the pavement of and sidewalk along Michigan Avenue tracing the former location of the stockade and blockhouses of the fort.

Fort Dearborn I – 1991· large oil painting in the board room of the Chicago Medical Society building at 515 N. Dearborn Street, showing the appearance of the fort in 1810. Artist: Brigitte Kozma.

Fort Dearborn I – 1903 – bronze plaque with bas relief of Fort Dearborn I, as viewed from the south, and of Fort Dearborn II, viewed from the east. Created for “The Centennial of Chicago,” according to the inscription. The accompanying image was obtained from a postcard mailed in 1911. Where the plaque was originally displayed, and where it is now, remains to be determined.

Fort Dearborn I – The first Fort Dearborn built in 1803 was memorialized on one of 16 historical paintings by Lawrence C. Earle, originally located in the banking room of the Central Trust Company of Illinois, 152 Monroe Street, Chicago; now stored within the Collection Services Department at the Chicago History Museum. [280a]

Fort Dearborn II – bronze bas relief sculpture above the entrance of The London Guarantee and Accident Building [1923] at 360 N. Michigan Avenue showing the second Fort Dearborn, bordered by an Indian and a trader, with the words: “Fort Dearborn Destroyed – 1858 · This Building Is Erected On The Site Of Fort Dearborn · Office Building Erected – 1922” [Photograph by Ron Mounce, 2011].

Fort Dearborn II, Blockhouse – 1880 · marble bas-relief tablet at the southwest corner of Michigan Avenue and River Street [Wacker Drive] on the W.M. Hoyt & Company building (wholesale grocery), previous site of the fort, inscribed: “Blockhouse of Fort Dearborn – This building occupies the site of old Fort Dearborn, which extended a little across Mich. Ave. and somewhat into the river as it now is. The fort was built in 1803 & 4, forming our outmost defense. By order of Gen. Hull it was evacuated Aug. 15, 1812, after its stores and provisions had been distributed among the Indians. Very soon after, the Indians attacked and massacred about fifty of the troops and a number of citizens, including women and children and next day burned the fort. In 1816 it was re-built, but after the Blackhawk war it went into gradual disuse and in May 1837 was abandoned by the army. It was occupied by various government officers till 1857 when it was torn down, excepting a single building, which stood upon this site till the Great Fire of Oct. 9, 1871. – At the suggestion of the Chicago Historical Society this tablet was erected Nov. 1880. – W.M. Hoyt”; the unveiling of the tablet took place on May 21, 1881; pictured was the second fort`s blockhouse. [This tablet is no longer accessible, but is shown here from an early photograph {379a}.]

Fort Dearborn II, Blockhouse – 1933 · United States postage stamp issued in commemoration of the centennial of Chicago`s incorporation as a town.

Fort Dearborn II, Blockhouse – 1856 · The remnants of the fort (blockhouse and part of the stockade) as shown by an early drawing; in the same year Steven S. Wright bought the complex and disassembled the blockhouse.

Fort Dearborn Massacre [1] – 1893 · bronze statue of four figures on a marble base; commissioned by the railroad car manufacturer George Pullman; also called “Black Partridge Saving Mrs. Helm,” referring to the friendly Potawatomi chief who saved Mrs. Margaret Helm`s life; another recognizable figure is that of the fort`s physician Dr. Isaac Y. Van Voorhis, who lies mortally wounded on the ground. On the original base, two bas-relief panels by the sculptor illustrated the march from the fort and Black Partridge`s return of the peace medal. The sculpture was unveiled on June 22, 1893, and stood originally at 18th and Calumet streets, adjoining an old cottonwood tree near Pullman`s mansion, believed to have been the site of the massacre; in 1931 it was removed to protect it from vandals and eventually installed in the lobby of the Chicago Historical Society; in 1987 it was relocated to the Prairie Avenue Historical District Park near 18th Street and Prairie Avenue (now called Hillary Rodham Clinton Park), then eventually put into storage by the Office of Public Art of the Chicago Department of Cultural Affairs. Apparently the monument requires significant conservation work. Sculptor: Carl Rohl-Smith. [280a] [As late as this writing {December 2009}, the monument is not again publicly displayed; eds.]

Fort Dearborn Massacre [2] – 1937 · bronze plaque on the northeast corner of 18th Street and Calumet Avenue, inscribed: “Near this site, August 15, 1812, took place the fatal encounter between the Indians and the United States troops under Captain Nathan Heald. Erected by Chicago`s Charter Jubilee – Authenticated by Chicago Historical Society – 1937.” [This plaque could no longer be located by the editors as of 1998.]

Fort Dearborn Massacre [3] – bronze plaque on the northeast corner of 18th Street and Prairie Avenue, inscribed: “On August 15, 1812, Indians attacked a small garrison and citizens evacuating Fort Dearborn, killing fifty-three soldiers and women and children. A monument commemorating the tragic event, donated by George M. Pullman, stood on this site from 1894 to 1931. The monument is now in the Chicago Historical Society – Chicago Historical Society.” See Fort Dearborn Massacre [1] – 1893.

Fort Dearborn Massacre [4] – see Defense · 1928.

Fort Payne – 1964 · this marker on the campus of North Central College in Naperville was erected by the DuPage Historical Society in memory of a trading post in Naperville, built in this location of hewn logs by the Napier brothers in 1831 and fortified at the beginning of the Black Hawk War to protect local settlers. A company of men from Joliet under Capt. Morgan L. Payne was organized, but never saw battle. See also the Fort Payne entry in the Encyclopedia section. Alan Gornik photographed the marker in 2008.

Foster, John Herbert, M.D. – 1874 · early Chicago physician (1835) and landowner, part of which land he sold so that Northwestern University could be built; his grave is in Rosehill Cemetery.

Fuller, Benjamin · his house – built in what became DuPage County (1839-) on York Road by Benjamin Fuller sometime between 1835 and 1842; he died there in 1868. It was later moved to its present location within the Fullersburg Woods Forest Preserve. For additional information see the item below, and also see “Fuller, Benjamin” in the Encyclopedia section. [Photograph by Alan Gornik, 2010]

Fuller, Benjamin · plaque – this description, currently [2010] placed next to the Ben Fuller House, provides additional details on the history of the building. [Photograph by Alan Gornik]

Fuller, Candace S. – gravestone located within the Fullersburg Cemetery in Hinsdale at the N end of Garfield Road. Candace and Jacob Wineagar Fuller were the parents of [see Encyclopedia section] Benjamin Fuller. Photo taken by Alan Gornk in 2008.

Fuller, David – gravestone located within the Fullersburg Cemetery in Hinsdale at the N end of Garfield Road. David Fuller shares this grave and the stone with his first wife Catherine and with their first child Angoline Coffin. Photo taken by Alan Gornk in 2008.