Encyclopedia letter D

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


Dablon, Père Claude  (1618-1697) born in Dieppe, France; came to Canada as a Jesuit missionary in 1655; spent his first years at isolated missions in the wilderness, frequently ministering with Father Allouez; in 1668, founded the mission at Sault St. Mariewith Father Marquette; in 1671, became superior of the Mission de Saint-Esprit at Chequamegon Bay [Ashland, WI]; submitted a valuable map, [see excerpt in missions] Lac Svperievr et avtres lievx ou sont les Missions des Peres de la Compagnie de Iesvs Comprises sovs le nom D`ovtaovacs, created by Fathers Allouez and Marquette, that was printed in the Jesuit Relations of 1670-1671; appointed superior of all Canadian missions, a position held until at least 1693 at Quebec; granted Father Marquette permission to accompany Jolliet on the 1673 expedition that led them to Chicago, and edited Father Marquette`s travel reports; died in Quebec. [12, 342a, 605, 681] [682]

Dagenet, Noel  was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319]

Daggett, Mary  see Butterfield, Benjamin.

Dale, Alexander  in February 1835, during public land sales prior to the construction of the Illinois & Michigan Canal, he acquired the entire eastern half of the SE quarter of Section 12, Township 38 [now Summit]. [417a]

Dally & Youngs  the new smithy in town, opposite the jail, with an initial advertisement in the Chicago Democrat on June 18, 1834.

Dally, Joseph  a remaining letter listed in the Chicago Democrat on Jan. 21, 1835, may identify the blacksmith of Dally & Youngs.

Dalton, George    see Dolton, George.

Dalton, —  see Dolton, Charles H.

dancing schools  see Marshall, James A.; Davis, William H.

Daniel Webster  steamer, built at Black Rock, NY, in 1833; frequented Chicago in subsequent years. [48]

Daniel, Mary Ann  see Miller, Jacob.

Danville, Illinois  on the Big Vermillion River, a 125-mile distance from Chicago; Gurdon S. Hubbard established a trading post here in 1823. The trail between Chicago and Danville later became known as Hubbard`s Trace, and in 1834 was made a state road, the northernmost part of which became State Street. From Danville Hubbard led 100 militia volunteers—the “Vermillion Rangers”— on horseback to Chicago in July 1827, during the Winnebago war, to help safeguard the small settlement, unprotected because Fort Dearborn had not been garrisoned since 1823.

Darling, Enoch  arrived from Rhode Island in June 1832, and on July 23rd enrolled as a private in Capt. H. Seission`s company of mounted volunteers, mustered out August 15; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took in early August, then voted in the election of the first town board later on Aug. 10, 1833; remained in Chicago until 1836. [319, 733] [12]

Darling, Lucius Ripley  (1814-1875) arrived in Chicago from [what is now] Silver Lake, KS, in 1832; married Elizabeth, daughter of Antoine and Archange [née Chevalier] Ouilmette, in Milwaukee on July 15, 1838 (Elizabeth had divorced [see] Michael Welch in 1834); Lucius and Elizabeth had six children, among them Eliza Marriah (1850-1932); Lucius was general agent of the Chicago, Alton & St. Louis Railroad in 1857; Elizabeth died in Kansas in 1876. [12, 449a, 509a]

Dart  a 15-ton sloop built by Dr. L.A. Barnard at La Grange Prairie, and hauled by oxen to Niles [MI] where it was launched on the St. Joseph River. During 1834, it called at Chicago seven times (six times under Captain Barnard, on June 6 under Captain Putnam), sailing regularly between St. Joseph, Chicago, and Milwaukee with merchandise.

Daugherty, Daniel  also Doryherty; U.S. Army private (sergeant after 1810) at Fort Dearborn; enlisted on Aug. 13, 1807, however he visited John Kinzie’s trading post as early as July 3, 1804, and on multiple subsequent occasions up to the time of the Fort Dearborn massacre of Aug. 15, 1812, as shown in the Kinzie account books; was among those killed in the massacre, immediately after surrender. [404, 708] [226]

Davenport, Joseph and William  each purchaser of 80 acres of land in 1830 in Section four of Township 39 N [now the near N side].

David Carver  schooner, in 1833 owned and operated between Chicago and St. Joseph by the earliest Chicago lumber merchant, [see] Capt. David Carver; unnoted on Marine Listings in both newspapers through December 1835. [12]

David, George  see Davis, George.

Davidson, D.  visited John Kinzie’s trading post on Sept. 1, 1804 and later on November 8 that year (this time listed as Dr. Davidson), as shown in the Kinzie account books. [404]

Davidson, Robert A.  resided in the Hickory Creek precinct; signed the [see] Herrington Petition in December, 1831; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319]

Davion, Abbé Antoine  (-Apr. 8, 1726) native of Normandy, arrived at Quebec in 1690 as a priest within the Séminaire des Missions Étrangères; with Abbé St. Cosme and Rev. de Montigny, was directed by Father Gravier to the L`Ange Gardien Mission at Chicagoua in October 1699, then continued S for work among the Akansea; remained a missionary among the Tonicas along the southern Mississippi River (Fort Adams, MS) until 1708 when hostility mounted; removed to La Mobile or New Orleans about 1722; returned to France in 1725. [665] [269a]

Davis, George  (1809-Jan. 4, 1858) also David; born in London; while traveling overland from New York with the Henry Brookes family and [see] Charles Cleaver, he noted in his diary a vivid description of daily travel conditions which provide extraordinary insight [the editors have included a generous excerpt below]; arrived in Chicago late October 1833; one of the earliest teachers, though initially worked as surveyor for the state government; was listed as a subscriber to the Chicago Democrat in November 1833; opened a school during the winter of 1834-35 over a store on Lake Street, between Dearborn and Clark, and in 1835 taught school at the Presbyterian church on the corner of Lake and Clark streets; known as “a great singer” and gifted musician; married Mira Della (Aug. 31, 1816-1906), daughter of Charles and Almira (née Rood) Willcox of Detroit in 1836 [see Essays section]; 1839 City Directory: county clerk, 109 Lake St.; 1843 and 1844 City Directories: clerk, county commiss`rs` court, county-clerk, 107 Lake st. res Canal near W. Washington; became alderman in 1844; from 1851 to 1856, lived with his family at Detroit, then returned to live in Chicago; died at age 50. His drawing of Wolf Point in 1832 later appeared in the Chicago Magazine, 1857. Also see Davis`s definition of `turnpiking` as a separate entry. [12, 97, 145, 351]
Sept. 17th. Started at 7. Turned out very wet, the road bad. very mirey the horses worn and jaded. the waggons heavy loaded. these circumstanced combined to render the roads disagreeable in the extreme & fatiguing both to men and horses. By 3 o`clo. our poor steeds dragged us through “mud & mire” 3 miles but their efforts failed. They fairly knocked up. There was no tavern, or indeed any shelter except a half finished shanty we found in the woods a little distance from the road. Its roof was watertight & and that was very lucky, the rain continuing without interruption for the greatest part of the night, a little cessation in the evening enabled us to get our blankets in some order & and kindle some fire, but for want of a chimney we endured a great annoyance in the smoke tho` we stood it as bravely as a set of Laplanders, before it was dark we had eaten our morsel and lain down to rest. Sleep I can`t say much about. Mrs. B. [Brookes] suffered considerable alarm from the idea that wolves would come in the dead of the night and disturb us, but her fears were groundless.
Sept. 18th. … Autumn tints begin to variegate the foliage of the forest trees from the brightest yellow to the deepest & most brilliant shades of vermillion. The leaves of the tulip tree turn to a bright yellow and those of the Arbor Vitae to a deep vermillion. We saw between this spot and Perrysburgh several log houses in progress. One individual had raised his house a month since, and informed us that himself & 4 neighbors only were engaged 4 days in putting it up and rendering it habitable. It was nearly watertight but still deficient in comfort, and in this state he seemed much disposed to let it remain. This is a fault too prevalent among American settlers. They run up just enough for present shelter & work very hard in clearing the land for two years or so, but after that period they are the laziest people, next to the Indian. Their houses receive but little improvement, if any, and seldom or ever completely finish it. I have slept in log taverns where the landlord has laid by money and can afford to waste half his time “behind a pipe.” `Glick` the Dutchman was eternally sauntering to & fro with a pipe instead of busying himself to put his house or stable in order, for the latter was miserable, & when I remarked to him on the unfinished state of his premises, replied, “I am going to fix it.” A great & redeeming trait in the character of an American laborer & in which he differs widely from the English operative, is, you may accost him, ask him 20 questions, handle his tools, he will answer you readily, but never “asks you for a drink.” … Stump farms present a most unseemly aspect after the corn or grain has been reaped & housed. The farm has the appearance of being covered with beans stacked, or rather in shocks, from one end to another. Many people call them “niggers” by reason of these stumps always being blackened by having been burnt to destroy them as near the ground as possible. …
Sept. 20. … stopped at a Dutchman`s 12 miles from Perrysburgh who housed us for the night although he kept no tavern. His name was Roop, and he was very anxious to persuade us he was a high Dutchman & not one of those low Dutchman that pour over the Atlantic in such numbers. He was a civil, accommodating chap, the only great inconvenience was the host of noisy children he had, our own being sufficient to preclude the necessity of any addition on that score. Shot the first prairie hen, a bird similar to fowl, with head like a partridge, very good eating. Entered today in the Territory of Michigan, 7 miles.
Sept. 21 … We were unfortunately compelled to bivouack in a spot were we could get no water; the consequence was we could get no tea and went to sleep on roast potatoe. Before lighting our fire we were obliged to cut down all the fern & prairie grass to prevent the whole prairie catching fire, for it was not a close wood we were passing thro`, but “Oak Openings” which is a light sandy soil, poor, on which nothing but burr oak will grow. This wood extends 18 miles from the settlement at 10 mile creek to Sommerfield.
Sept. 22. Sunday. We were upon the march at dawn “breakfastless” with 9 miles to travel, before we find water which we did not accomplish till 2 o`clo. by reason of bad horses & and bad roads, having 4 or 5 swamps to drag thro` deep enough to take the waggon wheels in up to the stocks. I at one time despaired of ever getting the horse I drove to move again till the wolves should carry him; judge of the roads when I say we were 8 hours going 9 miles. Put up at “Russell`s” tavern at Somerfield and made as speedy an attack upon victuals as all circumstances would permit. Slept on the bar room floor with the landlord, his wife and three children, one of which entertained us with incessant crying and the wife found out she had chickens to cook when it was time for all to be asleep. This was a log house and one of the most comfortless; plenty of chinks to let the air in. The wind swept over the floor like a hurricane, the power of attraction of my body to the floor being very strong or I should have been carried away — “nolens, volens.”
Sept. 24. Still remaining at Russell`s tavern, the horses not sufficiently recovered or the new harness completed. The ague [malaria] is very prevalent at this place. We work at the smith`s shop ourselves because the smith has the “shakings,” the landlord, his brother, his wife & 3 children, the stage driver, in fact 5 people out of 6 are suffering under it. …
Oct. 3rd. Bungled over 14 miles today, to Coldwater, Morse`s tavern. … Reached the tavern at 6 o`clo. A sharp frosty air. The landlord went out at night to a merrymaking. We went to bed at our accustomed time 9 o`clo. and about 2 in the morning my slumbers were broken by him, in a state of inebriation, tumbling over me; to get to his bedroom was his intention, but poor man he had – “Put an enemy in his mouth that Stole away his brains.” – and he was fumbling in an opposite direction. There perhaps he might have fumbled till morning beams illumined the horizon had I not put him in the road and facilitated “his anchorage in blanket hay.” … The inmates of his hotel were beastly dirty in their actions and cooking.
Oct. 5. … Reached “Sturges Prairie,” 9 miles; by sunset, glorious travelling ! ! 2 of our horses now are in such a condition that a London knacker would hardly give them room in his copper. … Sturges Prairie is a fine open plain of 5,000 acres, nearly all under tillage; about 2 miles south of this runs the state line between the territory of Michigan & the state of Indiana. We put up at Douglass`s tavern, more respectable than usual. The people of the house were greatly amused at the sight of our large bed, and well they might, for when the size of the room would permit as it did in the present instance, we made up all the mattresses into one bed which would hold 11 individuals without annoyance. … Two waggons, well horsed and attended, drove up to the Inn soon after us laden with trinkets and specie for the Indians, with 6,000 of whom a treaty for land was being held at Chicago.
Oct. 10. A clear fine frosty morning. Passed the St. Joseph by ferry at a place called Bertrand. Passed thro` an Indian village of the tribe Potawatamies 1 mile from the river westward. These poor savages were greatly surprised at the ass`s foal which accompanied us, running after us hallo-ing and clapping their hands. Crossed the Portage prairie to Ben Hardman`s house, a German who, tho` he kept no house of entertainment, took us in and afforded us fire & shelter, which was truly needful. We were tired, our cattle were the same, and there was no vestige of a house else before us, tho` we could see further than our strength, at the present time, could carry us. This man`s house could boast of but one room, & he had a family of 10 children, which add to himself & wife and son in law, his oldest daughter being married, and 14 of us, forming a formidable host of 27 and all, all to sleep in one room. We remarked to our host that we feared we should be troublesome but he replied “he could put two droves of quiet sheep in one stable.” He was one of the early German settlers and had quite a patriarchal appearance. He wore a long and dignified beard that descended almost to his waist. We entered the State of Indiana today by taking a southerly direction after passing the Indian village, hoping to fall in with some farmer that could sell us a supply of oats. 13 miles.
Oct. 11. Got onto the Michigan road at 11, and followed it thro` mud hole, swamp & bog for 10 miles. Passed over the “wet Swamp” Terracopera[derivation uncertain; possibly from Latin: terra aperta, meaning `open land` or terra operta, meaning `hidden land`; eds.] prairie & rolling prairie to Well`s log house, a tavern. A wet day, & cold winds; rather uncomfortable housed for Mr. Well`s splendid one room mansion could not boast of a door to keep either wind or wolf out. Wolves are so numerous on this prairie that they dare let nothing loose for fear of destruction by these ravenous beasts. He told us that had it not been for his timely intervention a day or two since in the woods he should have lost a yearling calf and that too, in broad day. 12 miles.
Oct. 14. “Thro` the woods & thro` the woods” 7 miles to Michigan City, a puny place with half a dozen houses on the edge of the lake with a creek running thro` the town. – We met a man on horseback before arriving at the town of whom we asked some questions relative to Chicago, and he favored us with the following luminous reply. He said “It was a rising place, but the land about it pretty much poor, wet and unhealthy and powerful frosty; they were going ahead lively with the buildings.” …
Oct. 15. Rested all day at Hughes`s Tavern [Michigan City]. It rained heavily; washed our clothes and laid in a little “grub” to last us over the beach 40 miles to the next tavern. …
Oct. 18. … At 2 o`clo. a yoke of oxen met us and conveyed us to “Mann`s tavern” on the mouth of the Calamic at 8 o`clo. in a queerish kind of condition. Here we ate, drank, & slept with Frenchmen & squaws. Mann was a French trader [German] who married a squaw, consequently he had plenty of Indian relations.
Oct. 22. The Calimic proved a calamitous stream and finished the career of the ass which was unfortunately drowned in attempting to swim over to follow the waggon of another party, mistaking them for us.
Oct. 23. Completed today the remaining 13 miles of our journey and entered the long looked for town of Chicago at nightfall, and after much trouble in seeking for an asylum; put up by the recommendation of Mr. Winson [Wilson] at Brown`s boarding house, thus terminating our wanderings and here we found a resting place, here we “lit on the spot we could call `home.` ” The day had been fine & mild, hardly a zephyr breathed to ripple the glassy surface of the lake, but when we reached the open prairie the wind arose and before morning it blew so hard that I fancied the roof of the boarding house in which we were would have fallen about my ears but the roof being stronger than my faith it was in the same elevated condition when I awoke as when I went to sleep. [187]

Davis, George M.    arrived in 1831 from New York. [351]

Davis, Jefferson  (1808-1889) U.S. statesman and only president of the Confederate States of America; born in Christian County, KY; graduated from West Point in 1828 near the bottom of his class. Throughout the following five years, he was stationed in the Northwest, mostly at Fort Crawford and Fort Winnebago; was at the latter in 1829 as lieutenant under Major Twiggs and in October was sent to Fort Dearborn in search of deserters; participated in the Black Hawk War of 1832 and was placed in charge by Colonel Taylor of conveying the captured Black Hawk from Fort Crawford to Jefferson Barracks (Missouri). Early historians, without documentation, place Davis on the Chicago and Calumet rivers in 1833 as a lieutenant in the Corps of Engineers, conducting a government survey; most likely he has been confused with Lt. James Allen, or with Allen`s successor, Capt. Thomas Jefferson Cram. His poor academic record would have precluded any service in the elite Topographical Engineers, as the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers was then called [personal communication from editor of Jefferson Davis Papers to John F. Swenson]. Davis was inaugurated president of the Confederate States of America in 1861 at Richmond, VA. A later visit to Chicago by Davis was recorded by John Wentworth for May 21, 1881. Davis`s 1829 visit is well authenticated by Lt. David Hunter, stationed at Fort Dearborn garrison; see the following excerpt by Quaife. [Transactions, Illinois State Historical Society, v. 30; 1923]
A member of the Fort Dearborn garrison at this time was Lieutenant David Hunter. Looking out from the fort one morning in 1829, where now swirls the greatest tide of humanity born by any bridge in the world, Hunter perceived on the north side of the river a white man. Wondering who the stranger would be, he entered a small canoe, intended but for a single person, and paddled across to interview him. It proved to be [Jefferson] Davis, and inviting him to lie down in the bottom of the canoe Hunter ferried him across to the post. The passage of time was to work a strange transformation in the relations of the occupants of that little boat in this voyage across the placid Chicago. In May, 1862, Hunter, now Major-General in the command of the Department of the South, issued an order emancipating the slaves in the states of Florida, Georgia and South Carolina. Davis, a president of the Confederacy, responded with a proclamation of outlawry against Hunter, threatening in the event of his capture by the Confederate forces to put him to death as a felon.

Davis, John  arrived from New York in 1833; was listed as a subscriber to the Chicago Democrat in November 1833; served on the cholera committee in 1834; in the September 3 Chicago Democrat he gave notice that he would be leaving for Europe and requested settlement of accounts. [12] [733]

Davis, John Henry  a trader for the American Fur Co. on the upper Wabash River until 1823; possibly the partner in “Wallace & Davis” with whom [see] William H. Wallace worked at Hardscrabble until his death in early March 1827. [10aa]

Davis, John L.  (c.1815-1883) from Wales; voted on July 24 and Aug. 2, 1830 (see elections); was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; managed the Steam Boat Hotel on North Water Street, as per ad in the Chicago Democrat of June 10, 1835; 1839 City Directory: tailor, North Water Street near Kinzie; so listed in 1843 and in the 1844 City Directory he is listed as s[sic]ailor, “North Water st. b Wolcott [then State Street, N of the river] and Kinzie sts”; later moved to Milwaukee; he died on Apr. 28, 1883, 68 years old. [319] [12]

Davis, Kinzie & Hyde  a hardware store on Kinzie Street near Cass [Wabash] listed in the 1839 City Directory; a partnership entered into by [see] Robert A. Kinzie, Thomas Hyde, and an unknown Mr. Davis. [733] [12]

Davis, Lucinda  see Jackson, Samuel T.

Davis, Polly  see Fuller, George.

Davis, Thomas O.  arrived from Pennsylvania in 1834; owner and editor of the Chicago American, the second newspaper, which began publication on June 8, 1835, located on South Water Street, near the drawbridge. A six-month subscription cost $2.50 if paid in advance, else $3. Davis additionally printed broadsides for Augustus Garrett`s “Great Sale of Chicago Lots” in the Kinzie and Wolcott Additions held on June 15, and later the minutes of the Northern Baptist Association`s convention at Du Page on Sept. 15, the first and third of the four earliest remaining imprints printed at Chicago; was member of the fire engine company No.1 late in 1835 [see petition to the village board of Dec. 16, 1835, under entry for firefighting]. Late in 1837, printing was suspended because of the unavailability of paper; the newspaper continued publication under the auspices of [see] William Stuart & Co. [12, 351, 479, 480] [733]

Davy, Jacob    arrived in 1835.

Day, Lt. Hannibal  (Feb. 15, 1804-Mar. 26, 1891) born in Washington County, Vermont; son of Slyvester and Avis (née Bliss) Day; graduated from West Point in 1823 and commissioned as second lieutenant in the Second Infantry, serving at Fort Niagara; promoted to first lieutenant in April 1832; arrived at Fort Dearborn on June 17 with the two regiments under Commandant Maj. William Whistler during the Black Hawk War; on July 15, described as “a young Officer of merit,” he was chosen to assist Maj. Edmund Kirby who was then serving temporarily as military secretary for General Winfield Scott; served until 1862, then named colonel of the Sixth Infantry; retired from active service in 1863. [12, 714] [58]

Day-Kau-Ray  Winnebago Decorah chief, quoted in Mrs. Kinzie`s Wau-Bun [the name is a French not a Winnebago surname; eds.]; his words, reprinted as follows, make clear the resistance of Indians to becoming part of the white culture and society and to sending their children to such schools. During his term as Indian Agent, John H. Kinzie, referred to by the Indians as “their Father,” called upon a council of Indian chiefs to invite their people to participate in broad-based government-sponsored teaching programs, designed to instruct Indians how to master modern agricultural and technical methods. When their Father`s address was ended, Day-Kau-Ray, the most venerable of the assembled chiefs, arose to reply and spoke as follows: Father, – The Great Spirit made the white man and the Indian. He did not make them alike. He gave the white man a heart to love peace, and the arts of a quiet life. He taught him to live in towns, to build houses, to make books, to learn all things that would make him happy and prosperous in the way of life appointed to him. To the red man, the Great Spirit gave a different character. He gave him a love of the woods, of a free life, of hunting and fishing, of making war with his enemies and taking scalps. The white man does not live like the Indian – it is not his nature. Neither does the Indian love to live like the white man – the Great Spirit did not make him so.
Father, – We do not wish to do anything contrary to the will of the Great Spirit. If he had made us with white skins and characters like the white man, then we would send our children to his schools to be taught like the white children.
Father, – We think that if the Great Spirit had wished us to be like the Whites, he would have made us so. As he has not seen fit to do so, we believe he would be displeased with us to try and make ourselves different from what he thought good.
Father, – I have nothing more to say. This is what we think. If we change our minds, we will let you know
. [456b]

de Charlotte  see Thibeaut, Joseph.

De Gannes    see Liette, Pierre, sieur de.

De Koven, Elizabeth Sebor  see Hubbard, Elijah Kent. Elijah arrived in Chicago on June 26, 1834, and immediately penned a letter to Elizabeth to share his impressions, posting the envelope [see Chicago postmark entry] two days later: “… my dearest Lizzy … I did not exaggerate the discomforts & hardships of this place, when I first began to talk of it. … The journey is very tiresome and troublesome, and you could hardly endure it. You would be obliged to `choose` between a week`s confinement on board of a steamboat or an overland journey from Detroit, the road intolerable, the tavern log huts & the food miserable. … The people here are rough in their manners, fond of swearing, horseracing, &c.; not neat in their appearance, of all nations French, English, half Breeds and Indians. They are very different in all respects from anything you have seen, nor is the novelty pleasing. Their houses are small and generally dirty. Little houses with but one room and a little juncto loft above are rented for 100 dollars a year and families are obliged to content themselves with such. I sleep in a room with sixteen other persons. The room is neither lathed or plastered, nor is there any ceiling but the shingles. But I am more favored than any other person that I know of, for I have a bed to myself. … Do not think that I am disappointed here. I expected to find a disagreeable place and I have found one. … My prospects in business are fair. I shall probably be successful in time. And in time this place will improve. … I have been estimating the cost of a house, small but prettyer and more comfortable than any in this place & persons have offered to contract to build it for $1,200. Twelve hundred dollars ! ….”
On Jan. 10, 1835 Elijah, enabled in business at Chicago through several contacts, mailed a letter [see above] to his father-in-law to share: “… I am about to dissolve with Gurdon [Hubbard] and work my way alone. ….” Also see Dyer, Thomas. (Enlarge the image by clicking the right upper corner.) [634a]

De la Vigne, Marie    (1783-1866) born in Michigan, daughter of a French-Canadian father and French Ottawa mother; mother of two children; divorced; traveled to Mackinac, where she became Joseph Bailly’s wife in 1810; for more details see Bailly, Joseph.

De Liette  see Liette, Pierre-Charles, Sieur de.

de Nacouche  see LaFramboise, Claude.

de Nanette  see Caldwell, Billy.

De Peyster, Maj. Arent Schuyler  (1736-1822) New York-born British Lieutenant Governor and commandant at the old Fort Michilimackinac (on the Michigan shore) from 1774 to 1779, succeeded by Capt. Patrick Sinclair. De Peyster`s men under Lt. William Bennet arrested Jean Baptiste Point de Sable around Aug. 1, 1779, at his trading post on Rivière du Chemin (Michigan City, IN), taking him to Michilimackinac. In his mostly fictitious book Miscellanies [1813], the aging De Peyster reports some of his experiences, much distorted by the passage of time, in the Northwest. He erroneously refers to Point de Sable as “well educated, and settled at Eschecagou, but much in the French interest.” De Peyster introduced Point de Sable to Sinclair, who in turn employed him as manager of his large estate, the Pinery near Detroit. Some of De Peyster`s recollections, contradicted by contemporary documents, have led most historians to the unwarranted conclusion that there was a fort which was imaginatively transformed into a trading post (run by Point de Sable) in Chicago in 1779. As De Peyster knew in 1779, this post was actually at the mouth of the Rivière du Chemin (present Michigan City, IN) in 1778-79. The name De Peyster gives to Chicago in his later writings (Eschecagou or Eschickagou) is unprecedented and remains unexplained except as a result of failing memory; in earlier documents he used the French spelling Chicagou. From 1779-1784, De Peyster was in command at Detroit, succeeding Lt. Gov. Henry Hamilton. For additional information on De Peyster see John Swenson`s essay about Point de Sable. [323a, 564, 649] [201]

De Pin  see Des Pins, François.

de Prouville, Alexandre, marquis de Tracy  (1603-1670) French army general with notable achievements in the struggle against the Dutch in Cayenne; was appointed governor-general of all the French possessions in the Americas in 1663; brought peace to the beleagered Canadian colonists by suppressing the Mohawks; in 1667 he returned to France. Lake Superior was originally named Lac de Tracy in his honor, a designation found on some early maps [i.e. Coronelli`s 1688 map of Nouvelle France; also see Father Marquette`s map of 1673]. Following below is an excerpt of an 1665 travel report by Father Allouez, illustrating the use of the term Lac de Tracy. [372]

de Sable, Jean Baptiste Point    see Point de Sable, Jean Baptiste.

De Soto, Hernando  In the larger context of early Spanish-French-English rivalry in North America, fictitious visits to Chicago have been claimed by writers who chose to exaggerate the record. Perhaps the most outlandish is one asserting that Hernando De Soto visited Chicago in 1541. The Spanish sources, however, show that De Soto was in the country he knew as that of the Chickasaws, in Spanish “Chicaça.” The Spaniards were actually crossing present Mississippi, several hundred miles south of Chicago. The leading authorities on De Soto reject this unsupportable assertion. [266a, 266b, 266c] [144a]

Dean House  John Dean`s house, a five room structure at the mouth of the Chicago River that was sold to Jean Baptiste Beaubien in 1817; soon after, John Crafts, agent for the American Fur Co., established the business therein, with Beaubien as subagent. Crafts and Beaubien then built a warehouse just E of the house at the edge of the river. The strategic location for lake and river traffic was an important factor in Beaubien`s and Crafts`s success as traders. Crafts died on May 15, 1825, and in c.1833 Henry S. Handy purchased the old Dean house. [12]

Dean, Day  farmer near Detroit and teamster who, for $300, conveyed the John Boyer family to Chicago in 1833, remaining only a few days. [728]

Dean, John  army contractor from Connecticut; built a house at the mouth of the Chicago River [Randolph Street] in 1815; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on Jan. 12, 1817, then in February and again in August, as shown in the Kinzie account books; later became a judge and civic leader; street name: Dean Street (1700 W). [404] [733]

Dearborn Street bridge    the first of several drawbridges; see bridges and ferries.

Dearborn Street Drawbridge, built in 1834  as shown in History of Cook County, Illinois, by A.T. Andreas.

Dearborn wagon    a light four-wheeled wagon for passengers, with top and side curtains, used in country districts, named after its inventor.

Dearborn, Gen. Henry  (1751-June 9, 1829) born in New Hampshire; a distinguished soldier in the war of the Revolution; a Massachusetts congressman and secretary of war under President Thomas Jefferson, 1801-1809. On March 9, 1803, he wrote a letter that involved Colonel Hamtramck, commandant at Detroit, ordering the construction of a fort at the mouth of the Chicago River (see following excerpt); the fort was begun that summer and named after him; General Dearborn died at his estate in Roxbury, MA; street names: Dearborn Parkway and Dearborn Street (both 36 W). [708]
Colonel Hamtramck should be directed to send a suitable officer with six men and one or two guides to the mouth of the St. Josephs at the south end of Lake Michigan and from thence to Chikago on the opposite side with a view to the establishment of a Post – and send by water two field pieces, a suitable quantity of ammunition and other stores for a Post at Chicago. [79]

Dearborn, Mary Anne H.  see Scammon, J. Young.

Debait, Samuel  also Debaif; arrived from Pennsylvania in 1831; member of the company under Capt. G. Kercheval during the Black Hawk War (muster role of May 2, 1832); was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319, 714] [733]

Debating Society    an organization with this name was formed during the winter of 1831-32; its membership included many of the males of the settlement and the fort, who elected Jean Baptiste Beaubien as president; in 1834, a like Polemic Society of Chicago was formed.

Debigie, Simon  [Debergue?] spelling of name questionable, but as taken from the voting record; voted on July 24, 1830, in the Peoria County election held in Chicago. [456b]

DeCamp, Samuel Grandin Johnston, M.D.  (1788-Sept. 8, 1871) born in New Jersey; graduated in 1808 from the College of Physicians and Surgeons of New York City, a classmate of Drs. Cooper and Van Voorhis; married Nancy Wood of New Jersey in 1809; became the tenth Fort Dearborn physician upon arrival as Assistant Surgeon on June 17, 1832, succeeding Dr. Harmon, and remained until Nov. 23 that year. On the night of July 10, cholera-infected troops arrived by ship under General Scott; within one week, 200 cholera cases were admitted, and the fort became a hospital under the doctor`s charge; 58 soldiers died despite blood-letting [then acceptable] and calumel treatment; in April 1833, was succeeded by Dr. Phillip Maxwell. Dr. DeCamp, who had first enlisted for the War of 1812 and reenlisted in 1823, remained with the army until 1862; he died at Saratoga, NY. [131a, 714] [12]

Deep River  the major tributary of the Calumet River system, located in Lake and Porter counties, IN; became home for the “trader Indians” who in 1780 relocated there, chased from their original locale along the St. Joseph River by British troops.

deer  Odocoileus virginianus, white-tailed deer; the only native species of deer in Illinois; called ruebuck, dwarf deer, and chevreuil by explorers and settlers; in the early 1800s they were abundant, providing meat and hide; in August 1820 when the Lewis Cass expedition approached Fort Dearborn by canoe, Captain Douglass, the party`s biologist, saw three deer sporting on the lake bank. Until 1848, venison taken locally was selling on the markets for three cents a pound or less, but by the late 1870s the species was nearly exterminated. See “White-Tailed Deer, or Common American Deer (Fawn)” painted by John Woodhouse Audubon, at the Audubon Memorial Museum in Henderson, KY. [Intensive restocking of the deer throughout the state in the 1930s has resulted in numbers so plentiful that they have become a nuisance in many communities, although large numbers are taken in an annual controlled hunt; eds.] [241]

DeHart, Lieutenant  member of Gen. Winfield Scott`s staff on the steamboat Sheldon Thompson which brought the [see] cholera to Chicago on July 10, 1832. [714]

Delano, Loving  was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319]

Delaware  Lake Michigan steamship that was wrecked during a trip between Niles [MI] and Chicago in 1836, with no loss of life.

Deliette, Pierre-Charles  see Liette, Pierre-Charles, Sieur de.

Delisle, Guillaume  (1675-1726) also De Lisle, De L`Isle; maker of maps of the finest quality during the early 18th century, receiving the title of premier géographe du roi in 1718. Under his father Claude Delisle`s tutelage, he began publishing maps of North America in 1700. On his 1718 mapCarte de la Louisiane et du Cours du Mississipi [Chicago area detail shown here], he shows the location of Chicagou correctly and denotes the Chicago River quite accurately; the name Chicagou R. is applied to the Des Plaines River. [605, 681, 682] [718]

Dement, William  as per announcement in the Chicago American, married Lucinda Faucett on Dec. 12, 1835, Isaac Harmon officiating as justice of the peace.

Denison, Michijah  also Dennison; U.S. Army private at Fort Dearborn; enlisted on Apr. 24, 1806, however he visited John Kinzie’s trading post as early as Apr. 28, 1804, and on multiple subsequent occasions up to the time of the Fort Dearborn massacre of Aug. 15, 1812; badly wounded at the massacre, taken captive, then tortured to death by the Indians that night. [404, 708] [226]

Denny, Capt. St. Clair  native of Pennsylvania; while still a sergeant, he was stationed with the Third Infantry at Fort Dearborn under Brevet Major Baker at Fort Dearborn from from May 1817 to June 1820; visited John Kinzie`s trading post on Jan. 1, 1818, as shown in the Kinzie account books; with the Fifth Infantry, and as a captain, he was stationed at Fort Dearborn under Major Plympton from August 1836 to December 1836; died in 1858.

Denny, Sergeant  visited John Kinzie’s trading post on Jan. 1, 1818, as shown in the Kinzie account books. [404]

Denonville, Jacques René de Brisay, marquis de  succeeded La Barre in October 1685 as governor of Nouvelle France during the time Illinois was part of Canada.

Densmore, Eleazer W.  born c.1820; arrived from Paris, NY, in 1835; 1839 City Directory: clerk, R.P. & J.H. Woodworth; in 1885, living at 2328 Indiana Ave. [12]

dentists    see Kennicott, William H.; Bradley, J.C.; Temple, Peter.

Depain, —  see Des Pins, François.

Deplat, Bazille    see Displantes, Basile.

Depott, Charles  visited John Kinzie’s trading post on May 21, 1806, as shown in the Kinzie account books. [404]

Deroscher, John  see Durocher, Jean Baptiste.

Des Pins, François  also Du Pin, Du Pain, De Pin, Depins, Depain, DuBou; actually Lemoine dit Despins according to a note to Kinzie`s account book; from Montreal, French settler and Illinois River valley trader [acquired supplies from Mackinac; listed only in John Kinzie`s account book on May 12, 1804, and Oct. 8, 1805, though on June 14, 1806, Antoine Ouilmette hired a wagon and a pair of oxen from Kinzie for $50 to transport Lemoine`s goods over the portage to the fork of the Illinois River] who had a cabin on the south branch half a mile upstream from Leigh`s farm in 1812 but lived in Kinzie`s house during the autumn and winter following the Fort Dearborn massacre in a trading partnership with Louis Buisson. They were “British traders” according to Thomas Forsyth; together they ransomed several Indian captives, survivors of the massacre, probably commissioned by Robert Dickson, the British agent who visited Chicago in March 1813; married one of them, the widow of [see] James Leigh, who was at Mackinac on Aug. 15, 1812, and died Jan. 22, 1813. Although a layman, Des Pins had some knowledge of medicine and practiced on Martha Leigh`s ailing infant successfully during the post-massacre period when no physicians were available. In a Jan. 27, 1814, a letter written to John Lawe at La Baye [Green Bay], Colonel Dickson mentions an old Indian who demanded payment for the 20 bags of corn he had given Du Pin at Chicago. [109, 226, 404] [649]

Des Plaines River  French, “river of the soft maples”; also Chicagoua [native, used by the Indians, French, and early Americans, meaning “garlic river” and applied to the portion downstream from the Chicago area]; Desplaines [Hurlbut]; des Pleines [Mitchell]; O`Plaine [Chapman]; Plein [Schoolcraft]; Au Plaine [Hoffman]; Aux Plaines [Kinzie, J.]; Kikabou [Armstrong]; Kickapoo [Carey]; Chicagou [De Lisle]; Illinois [Thomas Jefferson]; Divine [Jolliet]; Saint Louis [Dablon]; and Laplaine; the river owed its importance and early denotation on maps and in reports to its access to either the Calumet or the Chicago portages, connecting the Mississippi River with the Great Lakes via the Illinois River (low water levels made navigation on the Des Plaines River difficult, even impossible for usage of the Chicago portage most of the year). For an extensive discussion of the river`s name and history, see Bibliography: Smith, Herman Dunlop, The Des Plaines River, 1673 to 1940; street names: DesPlaines Street (630 W), Des Plaines River Road (9400 W). [329] [626]

Des Plaines valley  notch in the Valparaiso moraine through which Lake Chicago once drained south, and so named the Chicago outlet.

Deschamps, Antoine  also des Champs; educated at Quebec to become a priest, but at age 19 in 1778 he engaged himself to the St. Louis fur trader Gabriel Cerré, then becoming a frequent user of the Chicago portage; as an independent member of the Illinois and Ohio River trade community he lived at Peoria until at least 1817; from 1817-1822 he held the Illinois River trade concession of the American Fur Co., working out of St. Louis; a ranking superior to and early business partner of young Gurdon Hubbard when, en route to the portage in 1818, he pointed out the site of Guillory`s former cabin near the west bank of the north branch, at the foot of Fulton Street; visited John Kinzie’s trading post in May 1818, as shown in the Kinzie account books (with notations “debit to S.W. Company” and “debit to storage”); on an American Fur Co. invoice dated Sept. 11, 1821, he is listed as trader of Masquigon [Muskegon, MI] for his own account and risk; another invoice of Aug. 9, 1822, lists Deschamps & Hubbard “for trade of the Iroquois River and its dependencies”; served as a justice of the peace. He died at Michilimackinac in c.1848, according to his death notice found in G.S. Hubbard`s papers. His wife [see portrait], a Cree Indian, was sketched together with a Snake Indian woman by Karl Bodmer and was later painted by him. [Bodmer was the Swiss artist who journeyed up the Missouri River in 1833-34 with Prince Maximilian of Wied, Germany; they gathered and recorded invaluable information about the Northern Plains Indians.] [10aa, 12, 62, 354, 404, 468a, 692c] [649]

Desplat, Bazille  see Displantes, Basile.

Detroit  began as Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit, a post established on July 24, 1701, by the French military officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac [true name: Laumet], with the permission of Governor Frontenac of New France; became British at the end of the French and Indian War. On July 11, 1796, the British surrendered Detroit to the Americans. Before the construction of Fort Dearborn in 1804, Detroit and Michilimackinac were the extreme western outposts of the U.S. government; in 1824, Detroit received a city charter; many immigrants traveling to early Chicago arrived via the Detroit Road around the lower end of Lake Michigan, a trip that took five days by stagecoach in 1835. [572]

Detroit  a 50-ton sloop purchased by the U.S. government in 1796 and used for troop movements throughout the Great Lakes; there is no record that it ever visited Chicago.

Detroit  schooner from Oswego, NY; called at Chicago on Aug. 24, 1834, and again on Aug. 18, 1835; was wrecked on Lake Ontario in 1842. [48]

Detroit  the U.S. brig [see] Adams was captured and renamed Detroit by the British during the War of 1812.

Deves, John  an Englishman who, in the spring of 1832 or 1833, settled one half mile N of Joseph Curtis, who had been the first settler at Dutchman’s Grove [now within the limits of Niles Township]. Deves later returned to England. [13]

Devoe, Samuel  was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319]

Deweese, David and Thomas  from Washington County, IN; staked claims with their brother [see] George Hammer in Hanover Township and returned with their families in 1835 to build log houses and farm. [13]

Dewes, Ann  see Heslington, George.

Dewes, Robert    see Heslington, George.

Dewey, Dennis S.  beginning in July 1835, placed ads in the Chicago Democrat for “4 first rate Journeymen Cabinet Makers to whom steady employment will be given and good prices – Cash up and no Grumbling”; 1839 City Directory: chair and furniture maker, 139 Lake Street.

Dewey, Huldah  see Wright, John.

Dexter, Point  also Dexler; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on July 4, 1804, as shown in the Kinzie account books. [404]

Dicken, Lewis  a child by this name was enrolled as grade school student in the class taught by [see] John Watkins in December 1835. Names of corresponding parents were not recorded. [728]

Dickinson & Sheppard  on Dec. 23, 1835, submitted a proposal to the town board to build a fire engine house for $375; [see] Robert Sheppard`s partner was his eventual father-in-law, Zenas Dickinson, whose son was Augustus, a porter at City Hotel in 1839. [3] [28]

Dickinson, Samantha  see Sheppard, Robert.

Dickinson, Zenas  native of Granby, Hampshire County, MA; came with his family to Chicago in 1835. By Dec. 23, Dickinson & [Robert] Sheppard, submitted a proposal to the town board to build a fire engine house for $375; his daughter Samantha was a teacher and married Robert Sheppard; his son Augustus is listed in the 1839 City Directory as porter, City Hotel, and in the 1844 City Directory: City Eating House, Dearborn st. between Lake and Water. [3]

Dickson, David  was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319]

Dickson, Robert  principal British trader and shrewd agent to the Indians of the western nations, based at Green Bay; married to a Sioux woman; between 1811 and 1814, was active throughout the northwest in uniting and inciting the various tribes west of Lake Michigan against the Americans; leading Indians and Canadians, overtook Mackinac in July 1812; following the Fort Dearborn massacre, visited Chicago on Mar. 22, 1813, possibly in an attempt to locate members of the garrison and their relatives still lingering in Indian captivity, but also to deliver pro-British chiefs` belts of wampum accompanied by British letters to the tribes inviting warriors to Detroit; the captives whom he was able to find were gathered at Chicago and taken to Mackinac, then turned over to the local British commandant, as if they were prisoners of war; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on May 17, 1818, as shown in the Kinzie account books. [404; Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 7, no. 1 {April 1917}: 351-52] [109]

Dilg, Charles Augustus  [Karl] (1844-1904) valuable historian and amateur archaeologist, active in Chicago between 1890 and 1904, a contemporary of Alfred Scharf; came to Chicago from Milwaukee in 1869; wrote a history column and articles for local newspapers, as well as the manuscript, Chicago`s Archaic History, now within the Chicago History Museum, containing sketches of historical scenes, Indian mounds, maps of the location of former Indian campsites, pioneer roads and portage routes. [206] [519a]

Dill, John S.  legal notices involving him appeared in the Chicago Democrat on Sept. 3, 1834, bringing suit against John C. Wickham in circuit court on Aug. 11, 1834, for repayment of $186.50.

Dimmick, Edward  on the 1833 list of early settlers; an unclaimed letter was listed by the post office in Jan. 1, 1834; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; married to Mary Ann Stow; 1839 City Directory: painter, (Wayman & Dimmick). [319]

Dire, Desin  also Dison; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on Jan. 2, 1807, and again during the period of June 1, 1812 and the Fort Dearborn massacre of Aug. 12, 1812, as shown in the Kinzie account books. [404]

dirk  a pointed straight dagger, four or five inches long, with a small handle; usually worn within the vest.

Displantes, Basile  also Basil Displat, Desplat, Deplat; listed in John Kinzie`s account book at St. Joseph on Oct. 13, 1803; voted on Aug. 7, 1826, in Chicago; signed the [see] Michigan County petition on Oct. 20, 1828; signed the 1833 petition of Catholics in Chicago to Bishop Rosati requesting a priest. [404]

dit name  dit [past participle of French dire, to say] an assumed name, replacing or added to the family name. The historian Milo Quaife related: “It is a matter of common knowledge that in New France men frequently acquired, in addition to their ancestral name, a second one by which they were commonly known, and that succeeding generations might lose the original name altogether, and be known only by the acquired one.”

Ditlsaver, —  see Saver, Dill.

Diversey, Michael  (Dec. 13, 1810-Dec. 12, 1869) originally Diversy; born in Illingen, Saarland, France [now Germany], as an illegitimate son [206a] of Anna-Katarina Diversy; he was trained in Europe as a dairy man, came to Chicago in 1831 under the name Diversy and married Angeline Turness in 1836 (Angeline may have been the divorced wife of [see] Daniel W. Vaughan). Michael and Angeline had four daughters: Elizabeth (Lizzy, 1837- ), Barbara (1842-1921), Angela, (1847- ), and Catherine (Kitty, 1849- ). Elizabeth (Lizzy) married a Mr. Kirchoff; Barbara married Orin Rose, with whom she had an only daughter named Angela, who in turn married Frank Edward Graham (the couple had nine children), while her mother married Eli Gaffield after Orin’s death. Angela may have never married; Catherine (Kitty) married a Mr. Weckler. In 1832 Diversy and [see] William Lill formed the Lill & Diversy Subdivision by acquiring a large track of land adjacent to the lake shore north of today’s city center. In the 1839 Chicago Directory he is listed as: “Michael Diversy, milkman, Wm. Lill`s brewery.” In 1841 he acquired [see] William Ogden`s share of the brewery, located at the corner of Pine Street [now Michigan Ave.] and Chicago Avenue, and the name of the brewery changed to “Lill & Diversy, The Chicago Brewery” two years later; in the 1843 Chicago Directory: “(Lill & D.), res near St. Clair and Chicago ave”; listed in the 1844 Chicago Directory only as “Lill & Diversy, brewers, n Sand & Chicago Avenue.” Diversy also became alderman in the sixth ward, and thereafter was active in the German and Catholic communities, known to have made multiple large donations to the Catholic church; he is buried in St. Boniface Cemetery [see Monuments. Also see entries for Haas, Wilhelm and Lill, William]. Street name: Diversey Avenue (2800 N), also Diversey Harbor, Lincoln Park. [17, 206a, 288a, 622b, 627a] [342]

divorces  – Chicago`s 1st – divorce was filed on May 18, 1827, in a Peoria court by Deborah (née Scott) Watkins of Chicago against Morrison Watkins for his being “an habitual and excessive drunkard who sought the companionship of women contrary to his marriage vows &c.; &c.;” In 1830, Archibald and Emily (née Hall) Caldwell were divorced after Archibald abandoned her for an Indian woman named Josette. In the first case under local Chicago jurisdiction, Angelina (née Hebert) sued Daniel Vaughan for divorce in May 1834; trial was held in an unfinished loft of the Mansion House on the N side of Lake Street near Dearborn; records no longer exist that document whether or not Angelina was granted the divorce.

Dixon, John  Indian trader; ran what came to be known as Dixon`s ferry from 1830 on, located where the Chicago-Galena road crosses the Rock River; earlier called “Rock River Ferry,” when unreliably run in the 1820s by the alcoholic métis Joseph Ogee [see locations of ferries run by Dixon and Ogee on map by Rufus Blanchert, 1883]; Dixon was the only permanent settler in an area held by Sauk and Fox; in 1828, Dixon had secured a contract to carry the mail from Peoria to Galena and depended on the ferry; the land route from Fort Winnebago to Fort Dearborn included Dixon`s ferry, used by Mr. and Mrs. John H. Kinzie in the early spring of 1831. Dixon received $140 for a claim at the Chicago Treaty of September 1833. [12] [692b]

Dixon, William  from Pennsylvania; a printer for the Chicago American whose death was therein noted on Oct. 11, 1835: “In this town on Monday evening last, of Bilious Fever …; from our short acquaintance with him, we can appreciate the affliction which his death must cause to his distant friends.” Dixon had only recently arrived from Peoria. [135]

Dixon`s ferry  see Dixon, John.

Doan, George W.    co-owner with Captain Russell of the [see] Saloon Building, built in 1837.

Dobbins, Capt. D.  captain of the brig Dover visited John Kinzie’s trading post in 1807 on June 28, and again on July 21 and 25, purchasing one half pound of lead, as shown in the Kinzie account books. [404]

Dodemead, Catherine  see Varnum, Jacob B.

Dodemead, David  signed the [see] Hamilton Auxiliary Petition in Chicago on Oct. 5, 1831; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319]

Dodemead, Eliza  see Jouett, Charles.

Dodge, Avis  see Blodgett, Israel P.

Dodge, Azubah  see Babcock, Ralph.

Dodge, Mercy  see Churchill, Deacon Winslow.

Dodge, William, Jr.  (July 13, 1784-Jan. 25, 1870) born in Rutland, VT; son of William and Elizabeth (née Thoyts) Dodge, younger brother of [see] Mercy Dodge Churchill; married Matilda Lyon c.1800 at Glen Ellyn; the couple had eight surviving children: Amanda (Oct. 16, 1802-Mar. 8, 1900), Julia (Feb. 22, 1804-1899), Virula (VT Oct. 5, 1805-Mar. 11, 1891), Priscilla (VT May 10, 1807-Oct. 11, 1826), Noah Mason (VT Jan. 18, 1809-Mar. 3, 1883), Almira (Babcock Grove Nov. 16, 1810-Oct. 13, 1835), Azubah (Mar. 14, 1818-), Jabez Seymour (Aug. 27, 1822-Jan. 20, 1914). Azubah married [see] Ralph Babcock.

Dodson, Christian Bowman  (1809-1891) born in Berwick, PA; came in August 1833 as a government harbor contractor and became a friend of Archibald Clybourn; on the list of subscribers to the Chicago Democrat in November 1833; in December 1834, they advertised a new store in Clybournsville one mile S of Batavia, at the Clybourn & Dobson Mill, where Mill Creek enters the Fox River; in the spring of 1835, he took part in an outing on horseback in partnership with Rebecca Sherman [later, once widowed, Mrs. Rebecca Sherman Pruyne Church] as described by John D. Caton; in 1835 and again in 1837, he contracted with the government to transport Indians from the greater Chicago region to the West, working with Capt. J.B.F. Russell in the effort of [see] Indian removal; married Harriet Newell Warren [whose early recollection is preserved at the Chicago History Museum] of New York State in 1837 at the Naper Settlement; 1839 City Directory: contractor, West Lake Street near Canal; living at Geneva in 1885. [12, 121, 207, 351] [655]

Dodson, William S.  from Pennsylvania, arrived in 1833 [with brother Christian?]; 1839 City Directory: contractor, West Lake Street near Canal. [351]

Doherty, John G.  a soldier, born at New York City, NY; enlisted in the army for three years at age 24 on May 27, 1835, at Syracuse, NY; as listed in the Aug. 6, 1836 Chicago American he was one of 15 deserters from the Fort Dearborn Garrison between January 1 and July 28, prior to the withdrawal of all troops on December 29 that year. A reward of $450 was offered for his apprehension. Though desertion was listed on May 2, additional notation revealed “Doherty was formerly in the United States marine Corps, and was last seen in the vicinity of St. Louis, Missouri on the 25th. of Dec.” (Chicago Genealogy Club, v. 2, no. 1, September 1969)

Dole, George Washington  (1800-Apr. 13, 1860) arrived from New York on May 4, 1831, initially residing on the Fort Dearborn reservation in the sutler`s house/store until June 1832 and was placed in charge of building maintenance for the garrison; signed the [see] Hamilton Auxiliary Petition in Chicago on October 5; in May 1832 he served in the Chicago militia during the Black Hawk War as first lieutenant under Capt. Gholson Kercheval; c.1832 he purchased from James Kinzie lot 8 in block 2 [see Maps, 1834, John S. Wright] and built a log house on the SE corner of South Water and Clark streets; became a clerk for Oliver Newberry and later a co-owner of the principal store in town [the settlement`s third frame house, after A. Robinson`s and R.A. Kinzie`s] in partnership with Newberry, located at the SE corner of South Water and Dearborn streets, opposite from Beaubien`s store; behind Dole`s warehouse, and on his account, 550 cattle and hogs were butchered by John and Mark Noble, Jr., packed and sold in the fall of 1832, initiating Chicago`s meat packing tradition; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833 and on the 10th was one of the qualified electors who voted to incorporate the town [for copy of that meeting`s original report, see incorporation]; member of the first board of trustees and was named town treasurer by the board later on September 4; received $133 in payment for a claim at the Chicago Treaty of 1833; married Louisa Towner (NY May 1805-1848) on Jan. 28, 1837; 1839 City Directory: city treasurer, Michigan [Hubbard] Street; 1843 City Directory: (Newberry & D.), Michigan [Hubbard] st, bet Rush and Pine, alderman 6th ward; 1844 City Directory: of (Newberry & D.), house Michigan [Hubbard] st. b Rush & Pine [now Michigan Ave.]; became postmaster in 1851. As a member of the Whig party Dole ran for mayor in 1844 but was defeated by the incumbent mayor Augustus Garrett by seven votes out of 1796; Dole was an uncle of [see] Julian S. Rumsey, who became mayor in 1861. See his signature below. [233”, 319, 708, 714] [12]

Dole, George Washington  his signature.

Dolesey, John and Peter  German immigrant brothers who voted in the first mayoral election in ward 1; 1839 City Directory: Peter Dolesey, saloon, Lake Street.

Dolton, Charles H.  born in Columbus, OH, in 1825; arrived with his parents in October 1835; married S. Ellen Stronach of Maryland in 1836; removed to [Dolton] in 1838 and became a farmer and dealer in coal. [13]

Dolton, George  (June 11, 1797-1861) born in Baltimore, MD; came from Columbus, OH, on Oct. 6, 1835, with his wife, Catharine, and children [see Charles H. Dolton] in a wagon drawn by two yoke of oxen, according to [see] J.D. Bonnell; formerly a tailor, opened a liquor store on the S side of Lake Street near Dearborn and played the violin to attract customers; removed to Sand Ridge along the Little Calumet River [now Dolton] in March 1838; first ran a ferry service with a J.C. Matthews and later built the first bridge across the river; 1839 City Directory: tailor, North Water Street; in 1840-42 built a tavern/hotel on the Calumet River at 133rd Street [later the NW corner of 134th] and Indiana Avenue (originally the Michigan City Trail) with [see] Levi Osterhoudt. The concern later became known as a “stage ranch” with the addition of more barns, a smokehouse, and a blacksmith. [13, 288a, 538a]

donné  a male unpaid volunteer lay assistant to missionaries; Pierre Porteret and Jacques Largillier were donnés with Father Marquette on his 1674-75 expedition to the Illinois.

Doolittle, Elizah  storekeeper who advertised “Behold ! Behold ! Wanted – Five hundred cash customers” in the Chicago Democrat on Dec. 2, 1835, selling assorted dry goods, harnesses, carriages, and renting rooms; located in the former building occupied by M.B. Beaubien, “pleasantly situated for offices and easily accessible” on the SW corner of South Water Street and Dearborn, opposite the drawbridge; that month filed a claim for wharfing privileges for lot one, block 17; 1839 City Directory: commission merchant, corner of Dearborn and South Water; died in Joliet.

Door Prairie  located S and W of La Porte [French, meaning `the door`], IN, this arm of the Grand Prairie was the first large prairie seen by travelers coming to Chicago in the early 1800s on the Detroit-Chicago road. In explanation of the name, see the following report by Dr. Boyer (early June 1833); also see eastern woodlands; see Grand Prairie.
… Two tracts of heavy timber approached each other from both sides of the road to within fifty or a hundred yards of the road, through which opening a tongue of green prairie extended, uniting the expanding prairie on both sides of the timber, the road passing over this tongue of land through the points of timber on each side of it, leaving the impression on the mind of the traveller that he was passing though a door. The resemblance to a door giving rise to its name, `Door Prairie.` …. [728]

Dorr, Capt. Josiah R.  the first master of the [see] Tracy, the U.S. military sloop which carried Captain Whistler and his family to Chicago in 1803, while the soldiers took the land route from Detroit, to begin the task of building Fort Dearborn. Captain Dorr returned to Chicago on Aug. 25, 1835, from Buffalo, NY, on the [see] Monroe, the steamboat`s first call at Chicago under Captain Whittaker.

Dorrance, Harriet  see Arnold, Isaac Newton.

Dorsey, L.  [or J.] with J. Force, assumed management of the Steam Boat Hotel [later called the American Hotel] on North Water Street on Nov. 9, 1835, following John Davis.

Doty, H.  on April 29, 1834, the clothing and dry goods store of Peter Cohen on South Water Street, two doors E of Dearborn Street, was taken over by H. Doty & Co.; within a month, in the May 28 Chicago Democrat , he also began advertising 50 plows.

Doty, James D.    20-year-old official journalist who accompanied the 1820 Cass expedition, but was not among the detail that reached Chicago; later became governor of Wisconsin.

Douay, Père Anastase (Anastasius)  Franciscan missionary priest and member of the ill-fated 1684 La Salle expedition to the mouth of the Mississippi River which, due to La Salle`s error, ended in Spanish Texas. After La Salle`s death, Father Anastasius was among the six members who, under Joutel`s leadership, reached Chicago on Sept. 25, 1687, en route to Canada. [269a, 519] [611]

Dougherty, Daniel   see Daugherty, Daniel.

Dougherty, John  settled in [see] Maine Township in 1834 on the N half of Section 28. [13]

Douglas Grove  early neighborhood that grew round [see] Stephen A. Douglas`s property near 35th Street and Lake Shore Drive. Geographically, the grove represented the watershed between the Chicago River and the Calumet River basins. Here was the only place in Chicago where the great Midwest prairie met the lake and was visible from the shore. Gurdon Hubbard later referred to Douglas Grove when vividly describing the scenery seen as he first stepped ashore in 1818 [see entry for prairie]. A Stephen A. Douglas monument is still located there, now only known as part of Hyde Park. [354]

Douglas, Stephen Arnold  (Apr. 23, 1813-June 3, 1861) was the single largest landowner in southern Cook County, picking up many parcels around Lake Calumet which were Indian lands that remained unsold; elected to the Illinois House of Representatives in August 1836; member of the Committee of Internal Improvements with Capt. Joseph Napier; wrote the bill that passed Feb. 27, 1837, expediting the completion of the Illinois & Michigan Canal; he secured Chicago as the terminus for the Illinois Central R.R. instead of Ottawa; became nationally known when, in 1858, he ran for the U.S. presidency against Abraham Lincoln and lost. [538a] [233]

Douglass, Capt. David Bates  (Mar. 21, 1790-Oct. 19, 1849) born in Pompton, New Jersey; 1813 Yale graduate and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers officer who, in August 1820, came through Chicago as the topographer and biologist of an exploring party under General Cass [see Chronology, August 1820, for excerpts of Schoolcraft`s report on the expedition`s experience at Chicago]; while in Chicago, he interviewed John Kinzie and recorded near-verbatim Kinzie`s eyewitness report of the 1812 Fort Dearborn massacre; married Ann E. Ellicott (PA Oct. 27, 1796-) in 1815. [714]

Dousman, Michael  English trader whose cabin was on the north bank of the River Cheykago, as noted on Captain Whistler`s map of Fort Dearborn, 1808; in 1819 he equipped [see] Jacques Vieau, Sr. at his post on the Menomonee River. [Wisconsin Historical Collections 11 {1888} 223-224]

Dover  this brig visited Chicago in June and July of 1807 as recorded in John Kinzie’s account books [see Dobbins, Capt. D.]. During the same time the schooner Ranger was also at Chicago. [404]

Downer, J.  purchased in c.1832 a parcel of land from Mark Beaubien in block 31 (see Maps, 1834, John S. Wright); was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319]

Downer, Pierce  (1782-1863) from Jefferson County, NY; married Lucy Ann (née Ellis) in 1808; traveled with Lucy Ann to Chicago in 1832 to join their son [see Downer, Stephen E.], then in May 1833 established a claim for 160 acres on the N side of what became Downers Grove, the couple and their children being the first settlers of the village. Here he built his house, farmed, and on the property he and family members were eventually buried; Lucy Ann died in 1863, and he died one day later, possibly while digging his wife’s grave. Shown here is a memorial plaque, placed by the Daughters of the American Revolution in his honor. See “Downer, Pierce” in the Monuments section for a broader view of the Downer cemetery. [Photograph by Alan Gornik] [218a] [314a]

Downer, Stephen E.  native of New York, born 1809; arrived 1832 or earlier; his father, Pierce, joined him in Chicago in 1832; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; listed as a subscriber to the Chicago Democrat later in November; worked as a mason to construct Chicago`s first [see] lighthouse under a Samuel Johnson; staked a claim on the E side of Downers Grove in 1833; married Amanda Tasker on July 9, 1835, at Naper`s Settlement, as per announcement in the Chicago Democrat. [218a] [314a]

Doyle, Alexander  living at Peoria; elected justice of the peace on Aug. 28, 1828, during the period when Chicago was part of Putnam County but administered by Peoria County (Jan. 13, 1825, to Jan. 15, 1831). When John Kinzie died in 1828, Doyle and Jean Baptiste Beaubien were appointed as appraisers of the estate, and Alexander Wolcott as estate administrator. Doyle, a stickler for law enforcement, had jurisdiction over Chicago and once cited James Kinzie for selling a pint of whiskey without a license; for the ensuing controversy, see the following excerpt from Doyle`s letter within court records of July 14, 1829, to John Dixon; on Sept. 18, 1829, officiated at the marriage of Lt. David Hunter and Maria Indiana Kinzie.
I have enclosed to you the proceedings I had before me in the case of the People vs. James Kinzie for retailing liquor without a license. The wiseacres of this place have decided that I had no jurisdiction in the case. The fact has been proven to my satisfaction there is no doubt in my mind of the correctnes of the charges. You will see that I have given a judgement in the case. If I have jurisdiction, please return the papers; if I have not, dispose of them as you think proper.
Accompanying Doyle`s letter was the affidavit of Francis Laducia, who stated that he called on Kinzie to pay a bill of seven shillings; he tendered a dollar in payment and received 12 1/2 cents in change; this he gave back to Kinzie for one pint of whiskey. The sale was contrary to the criminal code then in effect, providing a fine of $10 for selling less than one quart of liquor without a license. [585a] [319]

Doyle, Capt. William    last British commandant at Mackinac, following Capt. Edward Charleton in 1792, and serving until August 1796, when the post was surrendered to the United States pursuant to Jay’s Treaty of 1794.

Doyle, John  a settler at [now] Winnetka or Kenilworth in 1820, in whose cabin Elizabeth Ouilmette and Michael Welch were married on March 11, 1830, J.B. Beaubien officiating as justice of the peace of Peoria County. [96a]

Drapeau, Louis  John Kinzie’s account books note that he was visited by Drapeau on June 11, 1808. [404]

Draper, H.M.    signed a school-related petition on Sept. 19, 1835 as part of the community effort to organize the town into school districts; was a member of the fire engine company No. 1 in 1835 [see petition to the village board of Dec. 16, 1835, entry on firefighting].

Draper, Lyman Copeland  (1815-1891) secretary of the Wisconsin Historical Society from 1854-1886; outstanding specialist in frontier history, compiler of the enormous Draper manuscript collection, pertaining to Western history, which is in the State Historical Society of Wisconsin at Madison; street name: Draper Street (2540 N). [214] [315]

Draper, Stephen  U.S. Army private at Fort Dearborn and butcher for the fort; visited John Kinzie’s trading post as noted in account books for May 27, 1804, June 22 and Aug. 20, 1805; he reenlisted on July 19, 1812, and visited Kinzie once more before the Fort Dearborn massacre of Aug. 15, 1812; was severely wounded in action at the massacre, captured, then killed later that night. [226, 708] [404]

Driggs, Alfred L.  sawmill owner at White Pigeon, MI, who visited Chicago in 1833 with a load of 20,000 feet of whitewood lumber, having contracted with the captain [likely David Carver] of a vessel to deliver across the lake and return, for $200; stayed for two days, finding the market disappointing, but sold his wood to “a man by the name of Williams” [probably Eli B. Williams, who had arrived on April 14, 1833]; in later years, recorded his memories and published them. [216]

Drolette  an engagé of [see] Michel Coursoll who visited the trading post of John Kinzie on Sept. 14, 1805, as noted in Kinzie’s account books. [404]

drug trade  western-style drug supplies first reached Chicago in 1803 with the arrival of the initial Fort Dearborn physician, Dr. William C. Smith. While meant for the garrison, drugs (as well as treatment) were made available in emergencies to the civilians of the small village by Dr. Smith and his military successors. Systematic trade in drugs began when [see] P.F.W. Peck opened his general store in 1831. His stock included aloes, alum [used as astringent or as emetic], borax, copperah [copra, dried coconut meat], Epsom salt, Glauber salt, and sulfur. All subsequent general stores also sold drugs in an ever increasing variety, such as castor oil, British oil, Bateman`s drops, Turlington`s balsam, Godfrey`s cordial, quinine, calomel, opium, snake oil, and ginseng root. Bookstores often held the exclusive franchise for patent medicines: [see] Stephen F. Gale`s bookstore advertised Brandreth`s Pills, and [see] Russell & Clift sold Morrison`s Vegetable Pills. Other such popular drugs were Bristol`s Sarsaparilla, Dr. Egan`s Sarsaparilla, Sawyer`s Extract of Bark, Morrison`s Hygeian Pills, Lee`s English Vegetable Pills, and Dewey`s Cholera Elixir. The drugstore of [see] Dr. William G. Austin (1835) advertised “botanical healing art” and specialized in botanical preparation. [12] [221]

drugstores  see Philo Carpenter (1832), Peter Pruyne & Dr. E.S. Kimberly (1833), William G. Austin (1835), Samuel C. Clarke (1835), William H. Clarke & Abram F. Clarke (1835), Frederick Thomas (1835), F. Thomas & Thomas Jenkins (1836). The earliest drugstores in Chicago could not survive unless other merchandise was also sold, nor was it possible to prevent other stores from offering drugs as a sideline; “book and stationery stores” did an especially large business in patent medicines. Not until 1838 did a drugstore open that sold drugs only; owned by Leroy M. Boyce [1839 City Directory: “wholesale druggist and apothecary, 121 Lake st”; in the 1844 Directory: “wholesale and retail druggist and apothecary, 119 Lake street, Saloon Building, res E.M. Willard`s”], the store`s policy was maintained until his death in 1849. [221]

Drummond, Thomas  born c.1809; arrived in May 1835 from Bristol, ME, but soon moved on to Galena; married Delia A. Sheldon in 1839; did not settle in Chicago until 1850; attorney who later became a U.S. judge; living at Winfield in 1885. Thomas Drummund School, 1845 W Cortland Street. [12] [351]

Dryer, G.R.    born c.1811 in Clarendon, NY; arrived in November 1835; lived at Joliet in 1878. [12]

du Lignon, Jean  member of La Salle`s expedition to the mouth of the Mississippi, passing through the Chicago portage in January 1682 on the way south. [486a]

Du Page River  known to Indians as Tukoquenone; a forked tributary of the Des Plaines River, named after an early French trader, or two brothers, the exact identity of whom is not yet certain. There were many individuals in New France by the name Pagé (sometimes Paget), from which the spelling Du Page is thought to have been naively derived. In the most comprehensive study of the subject to date, John Swenson argues that the likely choice for the owner of an early trading post at the Du Page River is a member of a prominent French family of Kaskaskia in the middle of the 18th century, by name Pierre Pagé (1715-1752), and less likely his brother Joseph Prisque Pagé (1717-1764), who owned a mill at Kaskaskia; both were murdered by Indians. At the Du Page River forks, in Du Page Township [Will County]. Stephen J. Scott, who had lived the preceding four years at [see] Grosse Pointe, resettled his family in 1829, joined the following autumn by the Pierce Hawley, Harry Boardman, Robert Strong, and Israel Blodgett families. The settlement became known as Dupage town, and a post office named Dupage was established in 1830, renamed Channahon in 1849. Following the organization of Cook County in March 1831, three voting precincts were established: one for Chicago, one for Hickory Creek, and one for the Du Page settlement. Du Page County was created out of Cook County on Feb. 9, 1839. [374, 586, 648, 649, 660] [734]

Du Pin, François  see Des Pins, François.

Du Sable farm  see Pointe de Sable farm, see “Where was the Du Sable farm of 1790” in the Essays section.

Du Sable, Jean Baptiste Pointe  see entry under correct spelling: Point de Sable, Jean Baptiste; also see entry in the Monuments section under Jean-Baptiste Pointe DuSable.

Du Val, Pierre  (1619-1683) student and son-in-law of Nicolas Sanson, working in Paris as cartographer from 1658; published general atlases and military maps; an atlas of his own maps was published (1688-89) by his daughter following his death. Of note is his early 1655 map “Amerique/Autrement/Nouveau Monde/et Indes Occidentales/Par P. Du Val d`Abbeuille/Geographe Ordinai du Roy …”; see Maps section. [26]

Du Verger    see Forget Du Verger, Father.

Dubou, —  probably a misspelling for [see] Des Pins, François. [226]

Ducharme, Francis  a French customer of John Kinzie who already appears in his account books on Oct. 23, 1803, prior to Kinzie’s Chicago period; subsequently, Ducharme visited him in Chicago on Sept. 12, 1806, on Jan. 15, 1807, and on June 7 and Aug. 13, 1808; the transactions involved, among others, purchases of two large crosses of silver ($7.50), and the shipping of three barrels of ham from Ohio to St. Joseph (2.8 pounds sterling). [404]

Duck, Charles H., M.D.  early Chicago physician; as per Andreas: “… registered in Fergus`s Directory for 1829 [sic, for 1839], and was for sometime a practitioner there.” [13]

ducks  wild ducks have long been a favored target for hunters in the Chicagoland area, beginning with the earliest visitors; in 1699, Father Binneteau referred to the Illinois country: “Game is plentiful such as ducks [and] Turkeys.” Mallards ( Anas platyrhynchus) are the most common ducks in Illinois; some remain year around, but most migrate, breeding in the southern Canadian provinces; as a hunted species, the handsome wood duck (Aix sponsa) is second only to the mallard (currently 12 percent of the hunters`s take); in the fall most migrate S; canvasbacks (Aythya valisineria), a chunky diving duck, is highly prized for its excellent taste. For an 1830 account by Lt. J.G. Furman on the abundance of waterfowl in Chicago, see birds. [64]

Dufind, —  also Dufue; a voyageur who visited John Kinzie’s trading post on May 15, 1804, as shown in the Kinzie account books. [404]

dug-out canoe  see pirogue.

Dulignon, Jean  member of La Salle`s 1682-83 expedition to the mouth of the Mississippi, passing through Chicagoland in January 1682 on the way south; later honored by the French king for his service. [46]

Dumphy, James  signed the [see] Hamilton Auxiliary Petition in Chicago on Oct. 5, 1831, and signed the [see] Herrington Petition in December; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319]

Duncan Addition  one of the early [see] additions to Chicago by which the original town, as laid out in the [see] Thompson plat of 1830, grew beyond its first borders. The 1836 Chicago map by E.B. Talcott [see Maps] shows that the Duncan Addition represents the eastern half of the NE quarter of Section 17. The entire Section 17 was formerly designated [see] Canal Land. It is likely that the addition was named after Joseph Duncan, one of the original (1825) directors of the Illinois & Michigan Canal project, who later served as governor of Illinois from 1834-1838

Duncan, Joseph  of Jacksonville, served on the original board of directors of the then planned Illinois & Michigan Canal, constituted in 1825; elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1826, 1828, 1831, and 1832; served as governor of Illinois from 1834-1838. [12]

Duncan, Thomas  tailor, most likely the partner of A. Jackson Cox in the clothing store of “Cox & Duncan” on the W side of Dearborn Street in 1835, near South Water Street; 1839 City Directory: tailor, Clark Street.

Duncklee, Hezekiah and Ebenezer  sons of Hezekiah and Betsy (née Farley) Duncklee from Hillsboro, NH; left Potsdam, NY, on Aug. 12, 1833, and traveled with [see] Mason Smith across Michigan and northern Indiana, and arrived in Chicago on Sept. 3, 1833; five days later they followed the NW trail, used by General Scott and his army in 1832, through 20 miles of prairie until they came to a large grove of trees on the eastern bank of what is now known as Salt Creek. Here they made a claim and built a cabin where Wood Dale Road and Irving Park Road intersect today [formerly Duncklee`s Grove, now part of Bloomingdale]. Ebenezer (Mar. 29, 1797-July 22, 1863) and wife Amy Higley (1799-1853; Shoreham, NH), who followed in 1834, had a daughter named Julia on June 18, 1835, the first child born to Duncklee’s Grove settlers. Hezekiah (Feb. 14, 1793-July 25, 1852) married Eliza Tucker (1811-1928; Kingston, Ont.) in 1841. [314a]

Duncklee`s Grove  also Dunckley`s Grove, named after [see] Hezekiah and Ebenezer Duncklee; a community of German immigrants had began to form on Salt Creek as early as 1825, 25 miles from Chicago; in 1836, this was the starting point for construction of the state road to Galena. The location of the former grove is now part of Bloomingdale.

Dunmore  armed British schooner patrolling Lakes Michigan, Huron, and Erie during the period of British control; built in Detroit in 1773. [48]

Dunn, Col. Charles  of Golconda, IL; in 1830, purchased from the government lot 3 in block 2, lot 1 in block 16, and lots six and seven in lot 34 [see Maps, 1834, John S. Wright]; was one of the three first commissioners for the Illinois & Michigan Canal development, and visited Chicago in that capacity in the summer of 1830; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [12, 319] [704]

Dunn, James Anson, M.D.  arrived on Aug. 25, 1835, from Buffalo, NY, on the steamboat [see] Monroe; opened an office “in Sherman`s brick block, nearly opposite the Tremont House,” near the corner of Lake and Dearborn streets, advertising in the November 25 Chicago Democrat; was corresponding secretary of the Young Men`s Temperance Society, organized on December 19 that year; shown here is an 1836 ad by Dr. Dunn urging cholera vaccination, posted in the Chicago American. [12]

DuNord, —  an engagé from Detroit; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on Dec. 2, 1809, as shown in the Kinzie account books; the transactions involved tea and raisins. [404]

Dupage town  see Du Page River.

Durand, Pierre  born and baptized in Kaskaskia in 1724, the son of Pierre Durand; became a Kaskaskia trader, active mostly in Illinois, particularly from 1775-79; contemporary and fellow trader of Point de Sable; during his travels, Durand passed through the Chicago portage on many occasions. Point de Sable was working for Durand at the Rivière du Chemin trading post [Michigan City] in 1778 and in 1779, when he was taken into British custody and conveyed to Michilimackinac. Durand`s canoe and other valuable property in Point`s custody were confiscated by British forces, and he did not get reimbursed until 1784. His surviving manuscript places Point de Sable at the Rivière du Cheminin 1778 and 1779; for text of his narrative, see John Swenson`s essay on Jean Baptiste Point de Sable. [649]

Durantaye, Olivier Morel de la  an officer in the Carignan regiment which came to Canada in 1655; commander at Michilimackinac between 1683 and 1685, then named commander-in-chief of the Northwest; in 1684 he came to Illinois with 60 men to assist Tonti, then commander at Fort St. Louis (Starved Rock), against Iroquois attacks; built a fort at Chicago in 1684 and was there visited by Tonti in 1685; within less than a year returned to Michilimackinac, and subsequently the fort may have served as a depot, its exact location uncertain but probably on the south branch of the Chicago River; in 1690 he was recalled to the St. Lawrence, resigning nine years later; died in 1727. Note French Fort at Chicago, 1685 · Edgar Spier Cameron, artist. [12, 46, 285, 611] [674]

Durham boat  invented by Robert Durham of Bucks County, PA, c.1750; used by early traders to traverse the Chicago Portage, as well as other portages and rapids in the Midwest; was 60 feet long, eight feet wide, and four feet deep, and capable of carrying 15 tons and a crew of seven. Alexis Clermont of Green Bay supplies a crew member`s account of working conditions on a Durham boat: In the fall of 1828, Joseph Paquette, who had a place below Dutchman`s Creek, took a contract for furnishing hay to Fort Winnebago, at the Fox-Wisconsin portage. I went to the portage with Paquette and his other men, to make the hay, my wages being, if I remember aright, seventy-five cents a day, and board. We returned home in a boat, down the Fox River. … After this I became one of a crew of a Durham boat – my first employer being Daniel Whitney; the next, Findlay Fisher Hamilton. There were generally seven men of us, – six poles and a steersman; sometimes there was a cook, but the usual custom was to have a cook for a fleet of three boats. Traders were in the habit of running such a fleet; for when we came to rapids, the three crews together made up a crew big enough to take the boats and their lading through with ease. Each boat had a captain who was steersman. Durham boats were from sixty to seventy feet long, and carried from 12 to sixteen tons. … The round trip, from Green Bay to Portage and return, would take from sixteen to twenty days; if Lake Winnebago was rough, it might last a month. During storms on the lake, we always tried to run to Garlic Island, where there was a good harbor, also good water; but frequently we were obliged to camp on the mainland. Wages were, sometimes, for the trip; usually, however, they were $1.25 a day and board – although, in the fall, because of the cold water through which we had to work at the rapids, we got from $1.50 to $1.75. The captain got from $2.00 to $2.25 – after a few seasons I became a captain. Upon reaching a rapid, going down, four of the crew would jump out, two on a side, and bear up the boat, while two men remained at the bow to pole, and the steersman kept his place at the steering oar. When the weather was cold – for we ran during the entire season of navigation – one man would run ahead on the bank, and light a fire to warm us, for we were completely drenched, and in a shivering condition. [147]

Durocher, Jean Baptiste  (Jan. 14, 1803-Nov. 28, 1857) born in Les Cedres, Soulanges, Quebec, son of Charles and Louise (née Martin) Desrochers dit Frappé, also Frapp; the name is also found as Derocher; first name also given as John who is an early member of the Chicago Catholic congregation; in April 1833 his name was on the petition by citizens to Bishop Rosati in St. Louis, asking that a priest be assigned to them; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August that year. He was the “John Derosche” who married the youngest of the Ouilmette girls Josette [Marriane Josephte] (1820-1894). They had 11 children: Françoise (1836-); Jean Baptiste (1836-); Joseph Pierre (1839-); Gabriel (KS 1841-), married Martha Bourassa (KS 1842-1892) in c.1861; Oliver (1842-); Lizette (1843-); Isadore (1846-); William (1847-), married Menerva Shields; Louise (1850-); Francis (1854-); and Rose Ann (1856-), married Ralph Horton (1869-). After 1835 he and his family settled with the tribe on the banks of the Kansas River, Potawatomi County, as one of the first white settlers under the name J.B. Frapp; still listed there under that name in the 1850 census; John died in 1857, five years before Gabriel and Martha Frappe named their first son John. Josette`s second husband was George VanArsdale (1820-1891) with whom she had a daughter named Nellie (1863-1947; married John B. Finley). The VanArsdale family received federal land allotments and citizenship in Oklahoma, now the Citizen Potawatomi Nation, and resided there until their deaths; they are buried in the Tecumseh Cemetery in Shawnee. [319]
The image shows John B. Frapp’s gravestone at the Louisville Cemetery in Potawatomie County, Kansas. [259aa]

Dury, David  in a July 7, 1834, circuit court suit John K. Boyer sought payment for “12 pieces of cotton sheeting and about 30 lbs. of coffee” from him and four others; legal notices involving him appeared in the Sept. 3, 1834, Chicago Democrat.

DuSable, Jean Baptiste  see entry under correct spelling: Point de Sable, Jean Baptiste. Jean Baptiste Point DuSable School, 4934 S Wabash Ave.

Dutchman`s Grove  also Dutchman`s Point, named after the “Dutchmen” [Germans] John Schadiger, Julius Perren, John Odel, John Planck [also spelled Plank], and the three Ebinger brothers who settled there in 1833 and 1834, 12 miles N of the main river on the Milwaukee Road [Niles Township] where Planck had his tavern in 1835; there the soil is generally fertile, drained into the western portion of the N branch of the Chicago River, and was attractive for early immigrants; in the 1839 City Directory the “Dutch Settlement” is listed “north of Chicago ave. and east of Clark st.” [243] [13]

Dye, John  arrived in 1835; was a member of the fire engine company No. 1 in 1835 [see petition to the village board of Dec. 16, 1835, with entry of firefighting]; 1839 City Directory: clerk, Lake Street.

Dyer, Charles Volney, M.D.  (June 12, 1808-Apr. 24, 1878) born in Clarendon Spring, VT; son of Maj. Daniel and Susannah (née Olin) Dyer; graduate of the Middlebury (VT) Medical College in 1830; moved his medical practice from Newark, NJ, to Chicago, arriving on Aug. 23, 1835; became a member of the Chicago Lyceum; served as town clerk (1836) and judge of the probate court (1837); on Nov. 7, 1837 he married Louisa M. Gifford of Elgin, a Chicago public school teacher; three of their six children survived: Stella Louisa (Nov. 22, 1841-), Charles G. (Dec. 29, 1845-), and Louis M. (Sept. 30, 1851-); 1839 City Directory: with Dr. Levi D. Boone, office, 49 State St.; served as city health officer and as surgeon of the company militia and the City Guards (1838-40); 1843 and 1844 City Directories: physician, office 98 Lake st. res 47 State st. He earned high praise for fearless service during the cholera epidemic of 1854; was active in the “underground railroad” to send fugitive slaves to Canada, and in 1863, was appointed by President Lincoln as judge on the Mixed Court for the Suppression of the African Slave Trade; died in Lake View. [12]

Dyer, Charles Volney, M.D.  his signature, as shown in History of Cook County, Illinois, by A.T. Andreas.

Dyer, Dyson  U.S. Army private at Fort Dearborn; enlisted October 1810; visited John Kinzie’s trading post on June 24 and July 11, 1805, as shown in the Kinzie account books; survived the massacre of Aug. 15, 1812, and was ransomed from the Indians after a captivity of nearly two years. [404] [226]

Dyer, Patience Lorain  see Huntington, Alonzo.

Dyer, Rev. Palmer  Episcopalian minister who preached the first service to the budding congregation on Oct. 12, 1834, but did not remain; moved to Peoria and later to Fort Snelling as army chaplain. [12]

Dyer, Thomas  (Jan. 1, 1805-July 8, 1862) born in Canton, CT; son of Col. Joseph and Charlotte (née Pettibone) Dyer; married Adeline (June 19, 1808-Mar. 9, 1843 IL), daughter of Uriah and Chloe (née Dyer) Hopkins, Jr. on July 19, 1827 in Harwinton, CT; at Chicago by 1835, he became a member of the firm [Elisha] Wadsworth, Dyer & [see John] Chapin, general wholesale and retail merchants; 1839 Chicago Directory: commission merchant, South Water st; 1843 and 1844 Chicago Directories: of [Thomas] Dyer & C[hapin] dry goods and groceries, 103 Lake, res Lake st. b State and Wabash sts – the largest meatpacking warehouse on the south branch by 1850. Dyer married [see] Mrs. Elizabeth Sebor De Koven [Elijah] Hubbard on Mar. 11, 1844; the couple had one son, Thomas. On Mar. 10, 1856 he was elected as the 20th mayor of the city, serving through 1857; was later a director of the Illinois Central and the Galena & Chicago Union Rail Roads; he died in Middleton, CT. [435a, 634a]

D`Pain, Curlet  John Kinzie`s account books show that he was visited by D`Pain in June 1818. [404]