Encyclopedia letter R

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Rabbiè, Jean Baptiste  also Rabbu; early member of the Catholic community; in April 1833 his name was on the petition by citizens to Bishop Rosati of St. Louis asking that a priest be assigned to them; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August and received $400 for his children at the Chicago Treaty in September; 1839 City Directory: [John] boarded at LaFramboise. [12, 319] [243]

Raber, John  early resident who arrived in 1834 from Germany and joined St. Mary’s congregation. [342]

Raber, John, Jr.  (June 18, 1826-) born in Prussia, Germany; came with his parents to Erie, PA, at age six; the family was in Chicago by 1835, living 11 years along Randolph Street; later lived at Archer and Twenty-second streets. John was still living in 1895. [Chicago Genealogist Vol. 6 No. 2 Winter 1973-74]

Raber, Philip  German immigrant, first attested to as having lived in Chicago in 1833; 1839 City Directory: laborer, State Street; 1844 City Directory: laborer, house State Street south of First St. [342]

raccoon  Procyon, an exclusively New World genus; Procyon lotor occurs throughout the state of Illinois; raccoons are excellent swimmers and climbers, are omnivorous, and remain near water; they have adapted well to suburban life and may be more abundant now than any time earlier. [341]

Racine River  see Root River.

railroads  on May 24, 1830, the first passenger railroad in the United States began service between Baltimore and Elliott’s Mills, MD, a distance of 13 miles. Not until Jan., 16, 1836, was the first railroad chartered in Chicago—the Chicago and Galena Union Railroad, and not until November 1848 was the first 10-mile segment of this line, between the north branch of the Chicago River and the Des Plaines River, put into service; see also Chicago and Vincennes Railroad.

Rand, Robert  born at Suffolk, England; enlisted in the army for three years at age 22 on Sept. 25, 1834, at Rochester, NY; as listed in the Aug. 6, 1836 Chicago American he was one of 15 deserters from the Fort Dearborn Garrison between January 1 and July 28, prior to the withdrawal of all troops on December 29 that year. He deserted on July 18 and a reward of $450 was offered for his apprehension. (Chicago Genealogy Club, v. 2, no. 1, September 1969)

Rand, Socrates  (1804-1890) born in Wendell, MA; engaged in harbor building, gradually making his way westward to Detroit; subscribed to the Chicago Democrat in November 1833, and arrived in February 1834; acquired 320 acres of land along the Des Plaines River in Maine Township (SW quarter of Section 8) after one year and farmed; was elected justice of the peace in 1835; in 1844 was part of a group of Chicago citizens representing their town in Peoria at a state school convention; married Fanny Wicker in 1850; lived in Des Plaines in 1879, and at 161 N Carpenter St. in Chicago in 1885. [12, 13, 278] [351]

Randolph, John  (1773-1833) cousin of Thomas Jefferson and senator from Virginia from 1825 to 1827; Randolph County in Illinois is named after him; James Thompson, the surveyor who came from Randolph County and laid out the early street pattern in 1830, named Randolph Street (150 N) after him (see Maps, 1830, James Thompson).

Ranger  30-ton schooner built at Buffalo in 1806; on June 28, 1807, an unnamed sailor or officer from the Ranger visited John Kinzie, as recorded in his account books. On the same day the brig Dover was also at Chicago. [48] [404]

Ransom, Amherst C.  was elected justice of the peace of Fulton County on June 17, 1823, in which Chicago was then included; collected $11.42 in taxes [see taxation] from Chicago residents that year; taxed in Peoria County in 1825, as were brothers-in-law [see] Elisha Fish and Edmund Weed. [706]

Ransom, Captain  master of the schooner Ann, a vessel on Lake Michigan that delivered American Fur Co. trade goods from Michilimackinac to James Kinzie at Chicago in September 1821.

Rasle, Père Sebastian  Jesuit priest who, in 1692, restored the Mission de la Conception in Peoria, which had been empty since Father Allouez had left in 1687.

Rat Castle  nickname for the Wolf Point Tavern.

Rathbourn, Captain  master of the commercial lake schooner [see] Hiram in 1835.

raven  Corvus corax; once common in the Midwest; at the time of Fort Dearborn they could often be observed flying along the lakeshore and eating dead fish among the sand dunes. The population declined rapidly during the 19th century; now virtually extinct in Illinois, with the most recent sighting in Chicago on Oct. 13, 1953; street name: Raven Street (6300 N). [64]

Rawley, Calvin  purchased on Dec. 4, 1832, from the Cook County commissioners lot 4 in Section 38 [see Maps, 1834, John S. Wright] for $53; possibly [see] Calvin Rowley.

Raymond, B.F.  living near the corner of Canal and Madison streets in 1834 where the [see] Charles A. Taylors then lived, as noted in Mary`s diary. [654]

Raymond, Benjamin Wright  (Oct. 23, 1801-Apr. 5, 1883) born in Rome, NY; son of Benjamin and Hannah (née Wright) Raymond; came to Chicago in 1836 with a large stock of merchandise; partnered S.N. Dexter in real estate acquisition, whose backing saved his holdings in the panic of 1837; 1839 City Directory: Raymond & Co., Benj. W., general dry goods, etc., 122 Lake st; as a Whig delegate he was elected the 3rd mayor of Chicago on Mar. 5, 1839, defeating [see] James Curtiss, a Democrat. When the Fort Dearborn Reservation was divided and sold in 1842, he acquired City Dearborn Park (the present site of the Chicago Public Library [now Cultural Center]); 1843 and 1844 City Directories: Raymond, B.W. & Co. staple goods and groceries, corner South Water and State sts and 122 Lake st up stairs and Raymond, B.W. of B.W.R. & Co. h [120] Wash. b Clark and Lasalle. He was the founder and president of the Elgin Watch Co.; he died at age 82. [435a]

Raymond, Elisha  name on the Chicago post office list of unclaimed letters of Jan. 21, 1835.

Raymond, George Wright  (-Nov. 1, 1871) born in Rome, NY; son of Benjamin and Chloe (née Wright) Raymond; likely came to Chicago in 1836 with his older half brother [see] Benjamin W. and a large stock of merchandise; 1839 Chicago Directory: clerk, B. W. Raymond; 1843 Chicago Directory: clerk, B. W. R. & Co., 122 Lake; 1844 Chicago Directory: at B. W. Raymond`s 122 Lake st. George died at Barfield, AR, aged 54. [435a]

Reader, Daniel L.  born c.1810 in Milton, PA; arrived in July 1833; lived in Chicago in 1879, at Aurora in 1885. [12]

real estate boom  see land boom.

Réaume, Jean François  also Reheaum; was arrested near Fort Dearborn in late April 1812, under suspicion of being a British agent, taken to the fort, and interviewed by Captain Heald. Being satisfied with his answers, Captain Heald released him, promising safe passage. However, when Réaume left the fort he was attacked by soldiers of the fort and was almost killed. Able to return to the fort, he remonstrated. Captain Heald then assured him that on his second departure for Fort Malden, no Americans would harm him. [109]

Récollets  the Reformed Fathers of St. Francis, a branch of the Franciscan order of the Roman Catholic Church, known as such in France, Belgium, and Holland; zealously intent on missionary work among North American Indians, they were among the first to arrive (1615), shortly after the Jesuits (1611); many eventually came to Chicago and the Illinois country; the Indians called them “gray gowns” for individual names, see entry for preachers and missionaries.

Rector, William  cartographer for the office of the U.S. Surveyor General who in 1822 drew the first complete plat of Township 39 which included the future site of the village of Chicago. Fort Dearborn is shown, as well as “Portage House” at the eastern end of the Chicago portage road, but not any of the other buildings then in existence. [342a]

Red Bird  Winnebago chief, beloved by Indians and respected by whites; in retaliation for disregard of earlier treaty agreements his tribe decided to attack settlers near Prairie du Chien in June 1827, precipitating the Winnebago War. Red Bird choose to lead, to quell the fervor, but not until he was accused of cowardice did he respond and killed one settler as WeKau killed another and ravaged a child; he later surrendered himself after the war to Maj. William Whistler, then in command at Fort Howard, to be tried “under the white man’s law,” even though he was considered innocent under Indian law, the killings having been committed in justified retaliation to transgressions by white settlers and lead miners; a proud man, Red Bird died soon after in prison while awaiting sentence; for a description of his dramatic surrender see the following account by Milo M. Quaife, 1913. There was no bloodshed in Chicago but considerable military activities at Fort Dearborn that led to the temporary regarrison of the fort during 1827, mostly by militia volunteers from Vermillion County.
… About noon of the following day a body of Indians was described approaching Whistler’s camp. As they drew nearer the voice of Red Bird singing his death song could be heard. The military was drawn out to receive the delegation and a dramatic ceremony ensued. On the right and slightly advanced was the band of musicians. In front of the center, at a distance of a few paces, stood the murderers, Red Bird and WeKau; on their right and left, forming a semicircular group, were the Winnebagos, who had accompanied them. All eyes were fixed on the magnificent figure of Red Bird: six feet in height, erect, and perfectly proportioned, his very fingers ‘models of Beauty’; on his face the most noble and winning expression; his every movement embued with grace and stateliness; his dress of barbaric splender, consisting of a suit of white deer skin appropriately fringed and decorated, and over the breast and back a fold of scarlet cloth; no wonder he seemed to the spectators, even the hostile race, `a prince born to command and to be obeyed.` [148, 229] [559]

Reeble, George W.  co-owner of a grocery on Dearborn Street with Thomas J. Field; the shop was raided on Oct. 25, 1834, by the sheriff in accordance with Illinois’ antigambling laws, the owners arrested, and a roulette table confiscated; unable to post bail of $1,000 each, they went to jail.

Reed & Coons  listed in the 1833 Chicago Treaty as recipient of $200 for a claim made, indicating a partnership between [see] Charles Reed, and John and Thomas Coon. The Coon brothers settled near Reed`s Grove in 1831 and may have worked with Reed to construct his gristmill. [734]

Reed, Charles  (Apr. 16, 1784-Aug. 26, 1863) born in Berkeley, VA; son of Patrick and Becky [née Bowles] Reed; married Chloe Roby on Jan. 31, 1807 at Greenup, KY; soldier in the War of 1812, a witness to [see] General Hull`s surrender at Detroit; arrived in 1830 at Reed`s Grove, Joliet City Township [Will County], built a log house, made a claim and began construction of a dam (on E side) and of a gristmill on the W side of the Des Plaines River; purchased several tracts of canal land available in 1833, but sold his improvements to [see] James McKee; removed to and founded the town of Joliet; listed in the 1833 Chicago Treaty as recipient of $200 for a claim made; was later appointed one of the appraisers for IL & MI Canal damages; possibly was the forwarding and commission merchant Charles M. Reed listed at the corner of South Water and State streets in the 1839 City Directory; married Sally Joyce in 1840 as per notice in Chicago Daily American of July 6; later moved to Winnebago County, IL, where he died. [692b, 734] [12]

Reed, Evangeline  see Ebert, Lizard.

Reed, James W.  arrived early in 1833 and as a constable that spring served a warrant for justice Hancock (also see White, George); was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August, and subscribed to the Chicago Democrat in November; cabinetmaker with a shop on South Water Street, between Franklin and Wells; in August 1834 was elected supervisor of roads and bridges, serving until November; paid John Calhoun $7 on Sept. 7, 1835, “To print blanks for census”; in 1839 lived at Blue Island. [12, 249, 319] [351]

Reed, Maria  see Huntoon, George M.

Reed, Thomas  legal notices involving him appeared in the Chicago Democrat on Sept. 3, 1834, bringing suit against John C. Wickham in circuit court for repayment of $82.50, and in the Chicago American on Sept. 10, 1836; entered a claim [lot 1 block 6] for wharfing privileges late November 1835; 1839 City Directory: teamster, 115 Lake St.

Rees, James H.  (c.1812-1880) born in Stroudsburg, PA; surveyor, arrived on Aug. 11, 1834; became city surveyor in 1836; active in the voluntary fire brigade; 1839 City Directory: draftsman and surveyor, William B. Ogden; 1844 City Directory: clerk at Ogden & Jones`, res. Mrs. Haight`s; married Harriet Frances Butler on June 4, 1844, as per notice in the Chicago Weekly Journal; in 1849 was involved in the planning of the Galena & Chicago Union Railroad; died on Sept. 23, 1880; in 1885 his widow lived at the Southers Hotel. [12] [351]

Reheaum, Jean François  see Réaume, Jean François.

Rehly, Barbara  see Ebinger, Christian.

Reichert, Jacob  known only from the following notice that appeared in the Aug. 8, 1835, Chicago American: “My wife, Mary Bremley, left my house and bed on Saturday, 8th inst., without any just cause, and is supposed to have went away with some Hoosier countrymen, who probably, knew her better than I did. All persons are hereby notified, that debts contracted by said Mary after this date, will not be paid by me. The person or persons who took her away from my house will be handsomely rewarded by keeping her forever. CH. Jacob Reichert.”

Reid, Ann Hamilton  see Manierre, George.

religion  see the following major entries: missions; preachers and missionaries; Catholic congregation [1833]; Presbyterian congregation [1833]; Baptist congregation [1833]; Methodist congregation [1834]; Episcopal congregation [1834]; Chicago Bible Society.

Renards  French term for the Fox Indians.

Reserve Avenue  8730 W (4444 N to 5240 N), named after the former reservation of Chief Alexander Robinson, through whose land it ran; see Robinson, Alexander; also see reservation.

Resigue, Samuel  arrived in 1834; served as firewarden of the third ward, appointed Sept. 25, 1834; 1839 City Directory: carpenter, Illinois Street near Cass [now Wabash] Street. [351]

Rexford  early name for Blue Island, appearing on some maps of 1835-1838.

Rexford House  also Rexford Tavern; see Rexford, Stephen.

Rexford, Heber S. and Norman  brothers; came in 1832 and made claims at the Yankee Settlement [Lockport] and at Bachelors Grove [Morgan Park]; each returned with their families, but to settle at Blue Island, Norman in 1835 and Heber much later; Norman died in 1883, and Heber on March 6, 1885. [12] [13]

Rexford, Stephen  born in Charlotte, VT, in 1804; brother of Thomas; arrived in Chicago from Buffalo, NY, on July 27, 1832, and within two years made a farming claim at Bachelors Grove [now part of the Tinley Creek Division of the Cook County Forest Preserve District] and there built a large double log house; assisted Maj. William Whistler at Fort Dearborn in 1833 with distributing provisions for the assembled Indians and was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August; served as Cook County commissioner; married Susan Wattles of Ripley, NY, on Dec. 30, 1835, Reverend S.T. Hinton officiating, and had five children with her; later relocated to Blue Island, where in 1836 he joined his brother Thomas in building and running the Rexford House on the Vincennes Trace (111th Street and Vincennes Avenue), a traders’ hotel on an important trail junction, “visible for miles” on the southern end of the Blue Island ridge. Susan died in 1849; Stephen later married Elvira Barber and still lived in Blue Island in 1879; Blue Island street name: Rexford Street (short N–S street at approximately 2300 W and 133rd Street). [12, 319] [13]

Rexford, Thomas  brother of [see] Stephen Rexford, from Charlotte, VT; built a four-room log cabin at Blue Island in 1835 near [Longwood Drive] and opened a tavern; in 1836 he and Stephen built the Rexford House.

Reynolds, John  early governor of Illinois and author of two unreliable works on the state’s history: Pioneer History of Illinois and My Life and Times. He wrote these in the final years of his life, as he boasted, from memory, “which may be relied upon.” As an example of his garbled recollections, see entry under Sainte Ange, Pilette de. He was a lawyer in Cahokia who, according to federal documents (American State Papers, Public Lands, Vol. 2, Washington, D.C., 1834) published in his lifetime, was involved (as was his lawyer-judge father Robert) in corrupt and fraudulent land-jobbing as early as 1804. Inaugurated as the fourth governor of the state on Dec. 9, 1830; served until Nov. 17, 1834, when he resigned to assume office as representative in Congress. [583, 584]

From the Illinois Herald, Kaskaskia, IL, Dec. 16, 1815:
To the poor people of Illinois and Missouri Territory: To the above class of mankind whose pecuniary circumstances will not admit of feeing a lawyer, I tender my professional services as a lawyer, in all courts I may practice in, without fee or reward. John Reynolds.

From the Missouri Gazette and Illinois Advertizer, Saturday, May 25, 1816:
FIFTY DOLLARS REWARD will be given to any person who will deliver to me, in Cahokia, a negro boy named Moses, who ran away from me in Cahokia about two months since. He is about 16 years old, well made, and did belong to Messrs. McNight & Brady in St. Louis, where he has been seen frequently, and is supposed to be harbored there or about there. He had on a hunting-shirt when he left me. May 14, 1816. John Reynolds. [649]

Rhines, Henry  owned a residence, grocery, and cabinet shop on LaSalle Street, between Lake and Randolph in 1834, which was destroyed in the town’s first fire in October 1834, an estimated $1,200 loss [see Chronology]; on Sept. 22, 1835, he placed an ad in the Chicago Democratoffering a $100 reward for information leading to the conviction of those who vandalized the frame reconstruction of his house on the same lot; 1839 City Directory: deputy sheriff and constable, 44 LaSalle St.; 1844 City Directory: deputy sheriff, h[ouse] Lasalle St. b[etween] Lake and Randolph. In 1844 he lost an election bid for the office of marshal, being branded by his abolitionist opponent as a “negro-catcher”; in 1885 his widow Minerva lived at 273 West Jackson St. [12, 351] [544]

Rialto  name of Chicago’s second theater building [the Sauganash, in 1837 and 1838, served as the first], located at the W side of Dearborn Street, between South Water and Lake; a wooden frame structure that had been constructed in 1834 by John Bates and used as an auction house; in 1838 was refurbished for theater performances by Harry Isherwood and Alexander McKenzie, and accommodated the entertainments of the [see] Joseph Jefferson family that same year. By the following year, the Rialto had become known as the Chicago Theatre, and Joseph Jefferson partnered McKenzie as manager. [482]

Ribourde, Père Gabriel de la  (c.1615-Sept. 19, 1680) taught at the Béthune monastery in France; Récolletpriest who, as Father Membré’s superior, served with him at the Mission de la Conception in southern Illinois in 1679; together with Frs. Membré and Hennepin, he was with La Salle when Fort Crevecoeur was built on Lake Peoria; was murdered by the Kickapoo in 1680 near the point where the town Seneca is now located (see inscription on gravestone) while returning to Canada with Tonti and Father Membré. [12, 294a, 399] [665]

Rice, Luther  an interpreter for the Indian treaty negotiations at Chicago in 1833, together with [see] James Conner, and signed the treaty document as a witness; received $2500 for himself and his children on a claim at the same treaty. [12]

Rice, Maria  see Mason, Mathias.

Rice, Susannah  was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319]

Rice, William  from Ohio; left Fountain County, IN, with his son William and, following rivers westward to the Des Plaines, by June 1829 they met Joseph Brown and Colonel Sayre in the Hickory Creek timber [Will County] and made a claim nearby of five acres, building a log cabin; is listed on the Peoria County Census of August 1830; the two men later established and worked claims at New Lenox and at Mokena in the summer of 1831. William`s wife was Anna Marie Lieb (1767-); “Ann Rice and her son, William M. Rice and nephew, John Lieb” received $1000 in payment for a claim on Schedule A at the Chicago Treaty of 1833. [421a, 734]

Richard, Abbé Gabriel  Sulpician priest of Ste. Anne’s Church in Detroit; brought the first printing press from Baltimore to Detroit c.1810; was invited by the St. Joseph Potawatomi chief to Chicago to support the tribe`s request for a Catholic priest at St. Joseph, replacing the earlier Jesuit mission, during the negotiations of the 1821 treaty; weather delayed his arrival in Chicago until mid September, while the treaty had already been concluded on August 29; but on this occasion he “said Mass in the house of a Canadian and preached in the afternoon to the American garrison … The outcome of it all was that they were given a Baptist missionary [see Carey Mission].” Father Richard was also a congressman for the Michigan Territory, elected in 1824; one of his major achievements was to procure an appropriation for a government road between Detroit and Chicago, the land procured at the 1821 Treaty. As acting Vicar General within the Cincinnati diocese at Detroit, Father Richard was appointed teacher of the Indians at the St. Joseph Mission by the Treaty of 1828, with an educational fund of $500 a year; in 1830 he named [see] Father Stephen T. Badin as his replacement. [119, 268, 269a, 319, Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society Collections 12:15, 1888] [544]

Richard, Robert Kerr  also Richards; in about 1832 purchased from James Kinzie lot 6 in block 2 and from William Lee lot 3 in block 23 [see Maps, 1834, John S. Wright]; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. On Oct. 27, 1835, he debated the query “Should the General Government make further appropriations to aid this state in the construction of the Illinois and Michigan Canal?” with John D. Caton at the Presbyterian church for the Chicago Lyceum—his position was affirmative, as per notice in the Chicago American. [319]

Richards, James J.  born in Salina, NY, in c.1824; arrived in July 1835; 1839 City Directory: clerk, Illinois Street; 1844 City Directory: clerk at A. Gilbert`s, res. Mrs. Coffin`s, Illinois Street. Later removed to Evanston where he still lived in 1879. [12] [351]

Richards, Mary E.  see Van Horne, Cornelius C.

Richardson, Jane E.  see Fullerton, Alexander Nathaniel.

Rickman, Richard  U.S. Army sergeant at Fort Dearborn; enlisted on May 10, 1806, for five years; reassigned to Washington City in August 1811. [708] [226]

Rider, Edith  was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833. [319]

Rider, Eli A.  arrived in 1832; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833, and voted on August 10; subscribed to the Chicago Democrat in November; advertised on Sept. 10, 1834, in the Chicago Democrat that he had a two-story house for sale on South Water Street; was a member of the second engine company of the voluntary fire brigade in 1837; 1839 and 1844 City Directories: clerk at C.L.P. Hogan. [12, 319] [351]

Ridge Avenue, Ridge Boulevard, Ridgeland Avenue, Sand Ridge  street names; Chicago area streets and forest preserves named after the ridges on top of which they extend for much of their distance; the ridges were formed by the shore of glacial Lake Chicago during its Glenwood phase (50 feet above the present level of Lake Michigan).

Ridge Historical Society  located at 10621 S Seeley Avenue, Morgan Park; a treasure house of information not only on the history of Chicago`s South Side, but also of the original settlement at the Chicago River. Organized in 1971, it was for years under the curatorship of relatives of the early settler [see] DeWitt Lane, and is currently [2010] administered by Carol Flynn. The Society is open Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday afternoons between 2 and 5 PM, or by appointment (call 773-881-1675 weekdays between 2 and 5 PM). Learn more at ridgehistoricalsociety.org. [387a, 508c] [538a]

Ridge Road Trail  former name for Ridge Avenue at [see] Grosse Pointe [Evanston]; follows an ancient shore ridge and was a fork of the Green Bay Trail.

Riley, James, John and Peter  Ottawa métis brothers who lived near Fort Dearborn, serving as interpreters for Indian agent Jouett and others when needed; their father was a trader at Saginaw Bay and became later a Schenectady judge; all three may have been in Chicago at the time of the massacre, but their role and fate is uncertain. In July 1817 and in April 1818 James Riley visited John Kinzie’s trading post as recorded in Kinzie’s account books. In the 1839 City Directory, a John Riley is listed as warehouseman for Newberry & Dole on Michigan Street; in the 1843 and 1844 directories his listing reads: “laborer, Michigan, bet Rush and Pine sts.” [12, 732d] [226]

River Forest, IL  western suburb 12 miles from the lakeshore, bordering on the E bank of the Des Plaines River; was originally part of the larger communities of Noyesville, then Harlem; the first permanent settlers were [see] Ashbel and Harriet Steele (1836) who had first lived in Chicago; became part owner of a steam sawmill that had been built by Bickerdike & Noble in 1831 on the E bank of the Des Plaines River, just N of Lake Street bridge, giving River Forest [and Oak Park] its start by attracting laborers. [301, 318] [701]

river otter  Lutra canadensis, formerly common along major waterways and their tributaries in Illinois, now greatly restricted; Hoffmeister reported that in 1816, 400 otter furs were exported from Illinois. [341]

Riverdale  settled in 1836 along the Michigan City Road S of the Calumet River; also known as Sand Ridge; Riverdale Avenue is near the far southern city limits.

Riverside Ford  also known as Laughton`s Ford (see Monuments section), it is the most upstream of three fords between Riverside and Summit; located immediately downstream from the Barry Point Road bridge; here a branch of the Green Bay Trail from [see] Grosse Pointecrossed the river and led to the Illinois River valley. [262]

Riverside, IL  community on the Des Plaines River 12 miles SW of early Chicago; in 1831 Stephen Forbes built the first log house (see Monuments), choosing the site for its strategic location near a ford, and because his brothers-in-law, the Laughtons, lived nearby in Lyons. Beginning in 1869, and guided by the noted landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, the community began to developed into a unique residential town of curving streets that deviate from the customary checkerboard pattern of the Midwest and contribute to its special charm. [262, 490]

Rivière de Colbert  see Colbert, Jean Baptiste.

Rivière du Chemin  see Michigan City.

roads  see streets and roads.

Robbins, Mary  see Baxley, Capt. Joseph M.

Roberts, Edmund  resident of Kaskaskia and one of the first three commissioners for the development of the Illinois & Michigan Canal, appointed in 1829; member of the surveying party for the canal that visited Chicago in 1830 under James M. Bucklin, chief engineer; when the government land sales began in Chicago on Sept. 27, 1830, he was among the first buyers, possibly as agent; the land that later became known as the [see] Russel & Mathers addition was originally entered under the names Russel, Mathers, and Roberts; he additionally purchased lot 4 in block 2, lot 2 in block 18, and with Pierre Menard, Jr., lot 4 in block 29 [see Maps, 1834, John S. Wright]; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833, and signed the Chicago Treaty document in September as a witness; received $50 for a claim at the treaty. [12, 319] [704]

Roberts, —  blacksmith at Fort Dearborn in 1804; see blacksmiths.

Robertson, Robert  settled in 1834 on the NW part of Caldwell’s Preserve, which is now part of Edgewood. [13]

Robinson, Alexandre  (1787-1872) Potawatomi, Che-che-pin-qua or Chee-Chee-Bing-Way (“Blinking Eyes”); also called Chief Robinson; half brother of Mollaire Robinson; prominent Chicago trader and Potawatomi chief; born at Michilimackinac as son of a Scottish trader and a Green Bay French-Chippewa métis mother who died while traveling to Montreal where he was baptized at age seven months on May 15, 1788; was raised by adoptive parents former Governor of Michilimackinac Daniel Robinson and wife Charlotte Ferly; early in life worked for Joseph Bailly at St. Joseph, then within the Calumet area; was a close friend of John Kinzie years before Kinzie settled at Chicago and where, by 1812, he had a house on the E side of the south branch, immediately S to that of the LaFramboises. At the Fort Dearborn massacre Robinson helped in the rescue of Captain and Mrs. Heald, conveying them by boat to St. Joseph and, for a fee of $100, guided them and Sergeant Griffith to Mackinac, again by boat. He returned to Chicago “in about 1815” [his own testimony] and until 1816, joined Ouilmette in farming around the fort, while most or all other settlers had fled in the wake of the massacre; when Kinzie returned in 1816, Robinson lived with his first wife (Indian, name unknown) on the N side of the river near the intersection of Dearborn and Kinzie streets and worked for Crafts in the fur trade, later for Kinzie; in 1820 he is said [R. Blanchard] to have built the cabin to which Sam Miller and Archibald Clybourne added a two-story addition in 1827, fashioning Miller’s Tavern; until 1825 maintained a cabin and trading post at Hardscrabble, and was assessed on personal property of $200 that year; adapted an Indian store and tavern, with liquor license (issued on June 9, 1830), near Wolf Point; in 1830 this location became part of block 29 [see Maps, 1834, John S. Wright], and he purchased the land from the government, lots 1 and 2; is listed on the Peoria County Census of August 1830. Robinson could not read or write, but David McKee reported that he kept accurate accounts with pencil and paper by means of characters of his own to represent quantities and was a model of uprightness; on Sept. 28, 1826, he married métis Catherine Chevalier [de Catiche] as a second wife, John Kinzie, J.P. officiating, whose father François Pierre Chevalier was the Potawatomi chief of a village on the NW shore of Lake Calumet; children John, David, and Maria Ann were baptized on Oct. 18, 1830, by Father Badin, and by 1833 there were five children (there would be 12); he never divorced his first wife, who retained a position within the household; was an early member of the Catholic congregation—signed for a family of eight on the 1833 petition to Bishop Rosati of St. Louis, asking that a priest be assigned to Chicago. After Chief Chevalier’s death, and during the 1825 Treaty at Prairie du Chien, Robinson was appointed chief of the United Potawatomi, Ottawa and Chippewa, later representing them [the “Prairie and Lake Indians”] at the Chicago Treaty of 1833, at which he also received $5000 in addition to $400 for his children, plus a stipend of $300 per year for life. Although his tribe went W after the treaty, he remained near Chicago; for services rendered to the government, Robinson and his wife had received at the 1829 Treaty of Prairie du Chien their own reservation grant of two land sections on the banks of the Des Plaines River [Schiller Park], where they lived until their death. The 1844 City Directory lists an “Alexander Robinson, farmer, h[ouse] South Branch 3d ward.” The house they are believed to have lived in was still standing on their reservation (now Cook County Forest Preserve land) in 1993, but has since then been destroyed by fire. Robinson died on April 22, 1872, and was buried on the banks of the Des Plaines River near his home, as were his second wife and three children. An inscribed granite boulder marking the grave sites can be found in the forest preserve on the W side of the 4800 block of East River Road. Also commemorating his and his second wife’s names are “Robinson Woods,” “Catherine Chevalier Woods,” and “Che-che-pin-qua Woods,” all portions of the Indian Boundary Division of the Cook County Forest Preserve District (see Monuments). Some say that Robinson died at the age of 104, but historic records make this unbelievable; he himself admitted complete ignorance of his birth date. Yet Robinson’s life was exceptionally long, spanning a remarkable succession of events that transformed Chicagoland from wilderness to a modern western town; street name: Robinson Street (1700 W). [12, 226, 275a, 319, 357, 421a, 457] [588]

Robinson, J.H.  placed a notice in the Oct. 10, 1835 Chicago American in regard to “a large calf skin Pocket Book” that was stolen on the night of October 5 at the New York House; the loss included “$250 in bank notes, and sundry Lend Certificates, Bonds, Notes and other accounts,”necessitating a reward of $100 for detection and conviction of the thief.

Robinson, Maria  (1824-1907) born in Chicago; daughter of Jean Baptiste Beaubien and his third wife Josette LaFramboise; died at 1388 W Madison Street, widow of Joseph Robinson (possibly a son of Alexandre Robinson). [491]

Robinson, Mollaire  half sister of Alexandre Robinson, wife of [see] Peter Muller, whom Emily Beaubien knew as a young child when Emily lived directly across the river in her father’s Sauganash Hotel, recalling later that “[s]he was crazy and had several children and Father Badin came there.” [275a] [41]

Robinson, Rix  (Aug. 28, 1789-Jan. 13, 1875) born in Connecticut; moved to New York at an early age, where he became a lawyer; during the
War of 1812 he served as an Army sutler near Buffalo, NY, and followed the troops west to Detroit, then Mackinac and finally to Green Bay, but was never paid for his services; during the winter of 1817/18 he entered the Indian trade, working in several locations in Wisconsin; from 1818-19 he worked for the American Fur Company, successfully managing a post on the St. Peter River at the Canadian border; in 1819 he moved to St. Louis to trade in tobacco, and by 1821 he had established three general trading posts: one in the Calumet area [according to Vierling {692h}, located either at the mouth of the Calumet River, or in Chicago at the E end of 79th Street], another one at Milwaukee, and a third one on the Illinois River near Peoria; in 1821 the American Fur Company offered him a management position in SW Michigan and, accepting, he acquired [see] Madame LaFramboise`s trading post on the Grand River, where he remained permanently, married an Indian woman, from where he maintained a number of subsidiary posts, and where he died in 1875. In his later years, with his legal background and having become influential with the Indians, Robinson entered politics, aided in negotiating the 1836 Indian Treaty, serving as state senator, as a member of the constitutional convention, and as judge of the circuit court. [Wisconsin Historical Collections {1911} 20:217-218] [692i]

Robinson’s reservation  see Robinson, Alexandre.

Robinson’s Tavern  see Robinson, Alexandre.

Rocheblave, Philippe François Rastel, Chevalier de  last British governor of the Illinois country; commandant at Kaskaskia who surrendered the post to George Rogers Clark on July 4, 1778, and, as prisoner, was taken to Williamsburg, VA, his wife and children remaining in Kaskaskia; by 1783, he had regained his freedom and wrote in a letter of Nov. 6, 1783 to General Haldimand that he had to travel from Quebec into the Illinois country and “find Mrs. Rocheblave and the rest of the family at Chikagou.” It is not known with whom the Rocheblave family had found refuge at Chicago, perhaps [see] Jean Baptiste Point de Sable, who opened a post there in 1782. His son Pierre was later a partner in the North West Company, prominent in fur trade activities, and became a political officer in Montreal. [457, 571a] [649]

Rockford Trail  early area trail used by Indians and settlers, leading NW from Fort Dearborn, largely coinciding with Grand Avenue.

Rockwell, James  arrived from Massachusetts in 1834 and by 1835 had opened a furniture store as advertised in the Chicago American [see ad]; he became a charter member of the Chicago Bible Society in August and was appointed to its executive committee in November; served as firewarden in 1836; 1839 City Directory: furniture dealer, Lake Street near Franklin Street; 1844 City Directory: bording house, Clark st b Washington and Madison; later moved to Batavia, where he still lived in 1885. [12, 351] [733]

rod  a measure of length equal to 16.5 feet or 5.5 yards, frequently used in early Chicago.

Rodgers, John V.  master mechanic from New York State who, in Chicago in 1834, joined William Payne and Oliver C. Crocker in an effort to construct and operate a sawmill in [see] Sheboygan.

Rogan, James  published this ad in the Chicago American of Oct. 3, 1835.

Rogers, Bridget  see Murphy, John.

Rogers, Edward Kendall  (c.1812-1883) also Rodgers; born in Ipswich, MA; arrived in November 1835; went into general mercantile business; married Mary B. Curtis in 1837; 1839 City Directory: Horace Norton & Co. [grocers and provisions, South Water Street]; 1844 City Directory: of Horace Norton & Co., h Indiana [now Grand] between Cass [now Wabash] & Rush street; was the first merchant to receive and handle pig iron; member of the Chicago Bible Society (1840); on the first board of trade (1848); in 1879 he lived at 359 Ontario St. where, after his death on May 2, 1883, his widow continued to reside until at least 1885. [12] [351]

Rogers, Harriet Elizabeth  see Bolles, Peter.

Rogers, Philip McGregor  (c.1807-1856) of Scottish origin; during his childhood the family moved from Scotland to Dublin, Ireland. Philip emigrated to the U.S. at the age of 18 and studied land surveying in New York; moved to Chicago in 1828 where he built a log cabin and
opened a small store; began a successful business producing charcoal with wood from the surrounding forests; purchased much land in what is now Rogers Park [named in his honor as the first settler at this location] and Ravenswood and began to farm extensively in the deforested areas. He married Mary Ward Masterson (died in 1890); they had two children, Philip Jr. and Catherine, who later married Patrick Leonard Touhy, with whom she had 10 children. Phillip Rogers School, 7345 N Washtenaw Ave.; street name: Rogers Avenue (5212 W at 5218 N to 1328 W at 7666 N). See Monuments section under “Philip Rogers Home Site” for a marker photographed by Alan Gornik, 2006. [168a, 280a, 244a]

Romp  schooner under Captain Chaver, called at Chicago on July 18, 1834, from Ogdensburg, NY; called again on July 30, coming from Michigan City and going to Detroit.

Ronan, George  graduated from West Point in March 1811, and immediately reported to Fort Dearborn as ensign; killed in action at the massacre of 1812. [226]

Rood, Mary  see Taylor, Charles A.; Mary kept a diary, a portion of which was selected by her niece Julia Willcox Tenney and was printed in the [see Essays section] Chicago Tribune on Sept. 20, 1903, when the city was then celebrating its beginning with the reconstruction of Fort Dearborn in Lincoln Park. [654]

Root River  also Racine River; a portage existed from the upper Root River to the Fox River; empties into Lake Michigan at Racine, WI. Schoolcraft passed near its mouth on August 1820, on his way to Chicago and described the presence of Potawatomi lodges.

Rosati, Bishop Joseph  of St. Louis in 1833, exercising at that time the powers of Vicar General in Eastern Illinois on behalf of the Bishop of Bardstown, to whose jurisdiction the Chicago area officially belonged; when he received a petition by Chicago Catholics for a priest to be assigned to them; he promptly responded by sending Father St. Cyr, who arrived in Chicago on May 1, 1833; for the names on the petition, see St. Cyr. [12, 269a] [267]

Rose, Col. Edwin  (1807-Jan. 13, 1864) born in Bridgehampton, NY; son of Rufus and Phebe [née Sandford] Rose; was a cadet at the U.S. Military Academy; became a Bvt. 2nd Lieutenant in the 3rd Artillery by July 1, 1830, serving at Fortress Monroe, VA; in June 1832 he was within one of six companies from that fort ordered by Major General Scott to Chicago to subdue the Indian uprising known as the [see] Black Hawk War; the cholera reduced the number of soldiers en route; present at Fort Armstrong (Rock Island) during September 15-17, when the so-called “Black Hawk Purchase” treaty was made with the Winnebago nation and the defeated Sauk and Fox, and was among the signers. On September 21 Major General Scott ordered for Rose a 60-day furlough “to commence at the nearest point for water transportation to Fort Monroe”; the remaining four companies left the island on the 25th, and “… took the route of the Mississippi, the Ohio and the Kanawha, as far as Charlestown, and thence via Lewisburg, Staunton and Charlottesville, to Richmond [VA], where they arrived on the evening of the 5th inst. [November] all in good health.” In c.1833 2nd Lieutenant Rose and wife Sarah E. Isham (CT 1811-) had a child, born at New London, CT; resigned from the army as a 1st Lieutenant on June 30, 1837; joined the 81st Infantry of New York as a colonel on Jan. 28, 1862, resigning in July. For a map Rose made during the Black Hawk War, see the Maps section. [714] [326]

Rose, Niles  Chicagoan who died on April 2, 1834; little more is known about him, but he gave rise to two intriguing notices in the Chicago Democrat; see text below.
Notice in the April 8, 1834 issue:
A man by the name of Niles Rose, residing about 8 miles up the north branch of the Chicago river, died on Wednesday of last week, in consequence of intemperance. A caution to drunkards.
Notice by the editor in the next issue, April 16:
We are requested by Mr. Russel Rose to state that no such person as Niles Rose resided up the north branch of the Chicago river. We understand, however that Niles Rose was a resident of this town [Chicago], and that the cause was intemperance.

Rose, Russel  voted on July 24, 1830, and received 21 votes for constable, but lost to Horatio Smith; listed in 1844 City Directory without further information.

Rosette  the métis handmaid of the Whistler women, living with them at the fort.

Ross, Hugh  arrived 1836 from Scotland; – Chicago’s 1st – bookbinder and paper ruler; in partnership with [see] Ariel Bowman he opened up shop in the Saloon Building on Clark Street; 1839 City Directory: 24 Clark St. [12] [351]

Ross, John  listed prior to 1836 as owner of 80 acres of Chicago land in Section 28, Township 39, as per Andreas, History of Chicago, pp. 112-113.

Rothenfeld, Heinrich  German immigrant to the Chicago area in 1825; he likely came through the settlement but moved on to what became
known as Dunklee’s Grove [Bloomingdale] as its first settler, soon attracting other Germans. [342] [544]

Rough, Capt. James  lake captain who resided in Buffalo, master of the May, which brought supplies to Fort Dearborn and/or to John Kinzie, as indicated in his account books on June 16 and Nov. 2, 1804; Jan. 15, 1806; and July 12, 1808. [404]

Roulx, Jean Baptiste  misspelled by Andreas for [see] Proulx, Jean Baptiste.

Roussel, Jean  also Rousselière; possibly the unnamed surgeon in Father Marquette’s 1674-75 journal; see Surgeon, The.

Rowley, Alfred G.  (c.1825-) born in Sempronius, NY; son of Capt. Jireh and Mary (Polly, née Olmsted Gray) Rowley; arrived at age ten with his parents, brother Phineas, and the Charles Gray family on the Amaranth by July 17, 1833, remaining a day before they chartered prairie schooners and journeyed south to farmland, now Homer Township in Will County. Alfred farmed with his father, becoming known later as `Squire` Rowley; he married Lydia Hall (Feb. 16, 1824-Jan. 7, 1911), daughter of Asa and Olive (née Burgess) Lanfear on Oct. 4, 1843, in Homer Township. Alfred`s account of the families` arrival at Chicago and the journey was published in the Joliet Sun, 1876. [734]

Rowley, Calvin  (c.1791-) from Bristol, NY; son of [see] Jireh and Elizabeth (née Brace) Rowley; married Azuba (c.1816-), daughter of James and Caroline Gooding, younger sister of [see] William Gooding. Calvin drove a peddler-wagon from NY in early 1832, making a claim and erecting a log cabin in the timber, about a mile and a half east of the Des Plaines River, near Lockport [Will County]; established a store and traded with the Indians; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; living at Rockford in 1878. [734] [319]

Rowley, Capt. Jireh  (1744-Dec. 15, 1844) born in Pittsford, Monroe County, NY; War of 1812 captain and Erie Canal contractor; married Elizabeth Brace (NY 1788-) in 1806; the couple had six sons. Jireh came by the Amaranth on July 17, 1833, with his second wife Polly Gray (née Olmsted), four sons (Hiram, J.B., Phineas K., [see] Alfred G.), stepson [see] Charles M. Gray, and three stepdaughters: Mary M. (Jan. 1, 1813-; Mrs. Lemuel W. Hard), Jane E. (c.1815-; Mrs. John Ogden, WI), both born in Sherburne, NY; and Sarah Ann (Apr. 20, 1820-; Mrs. Horace Chase, IL), born in Victor, NY. The families chartered prairie schooners within two days and journeyed to Homer Township [Will County] to settle. Captain Rowley settled in Section 19, then acquired [see] Benjamin Butterfield`s claim in Section 34 in 1836, farming with son [see] Alfred. [734]

Rowley, Phineas K.  (Nov. 5, 1816- Feb. 22, 1889) born in in Ontario County, NY; son of [see] Jireh and Elizabeth (née Brace) Rowley; came to Chicago by the Amaranth on July 17, 1833, with his father`s second family and three brothers: Hiram, J.B., and [see] Alfred G. Within two days prairie schooners carried relatives to Homer Township [Will County] where Phineas made a claim and farmed; he is buried in the Barnet Cemetery. [734]

Rue, John Campbell  (March 23, 1809-June 11, 1892) arrived from New York in 1834; 1839 City Directory: carpenter and builder, 156 Clark st.; 1844 City Directory: carpenter, h Clark, b Madison and Monroe. Rue is known for refining the wooden interior of the oldest remaining structure in Chicago, created for [see] Henry Brown Clarke at (now) 16th Street and Michigan Avenue; the house was later moved to 45th Street and Wabash Avenue, and again placed near its original site at 1855 S. Indiana Avenue (now number 1827), in the Prairie Avenue Historic District bordered by Indiana Avenue, 18th Street, Prairie Avenue and Cullerton Street. Rue married Elizabeth Saunders (1802-1894), the favored maid “Betsy” who came with the Clarkes in October 1835; they married on Sept. 23, 1836 and would later move to Elgin with sons John R. and Franklin. [12] [351]

Ruland, John  (-Aug. 24, 1880) came to Chicago in 1834 with his wife [see portrait] Hannah (May 20, 1806-Mar. 16, 1895; Long Island, NY) from Buffalo, NY, on a sailing ship; a young married couple, they stayed several weeks at an inn on Lake Street near the site of the bridge [the Sauganash Tavern; eds.] while John scouted for suitable farmland, acquiring high land from the government for $1.25 an acre on what is now the Milwaukee Road, near current Park Ridge; the couple had six children, four of whom resided with families at the farm in 1895 at Hannah`s death: John, Hiram, Mrs. William Clark, and Mrs. Amanda Stockbridge; the two other daughters lived in Chicago at that time, Mrs. William H. Snow at 29 N. Campbell Avenue, and Mrs. William Stedman at 1274 W. Monroe Street. The farm was intact then at Park Ridge, surrounded by Norwood Park and Niles. In 1895 there were 19 grandchildren and 10 greatgrandchildren. Hannah was buried in the family burying ground. [Daily Inter Ocean, Mar. 16, 1895] [168a]

Rumsey, George Frederick  (Dec. 14, 1820-Jan. 17, 1881) born at Troy, NY; son of Levi and Julia Frances (née Dole) Rumsey; arrived on July 28, 1835, with his brother [see] Julian S. Rumsey to work in the shipping business owned by two of their uncles, Walter L. Newberry and George W. Dole; 1839 City Directory: clerk, Newberry & Dole; 1843 and 1844 City Directories: clerk at Newberry and Dole, bds at Geo. W. Dole; married Emily E. Sheldon (May 24, 1826-) on Oct. 14, 1849 in Delhi, NY; daughter Frances Julia (Dec. 19, 1850-) was born in Chicago. [435a]

Rumsey, Julian Sidney  (Apr. 3, 1823-Apr. 20, 1886) born in Batavia, NY; son of Levi and Julia Frances (née Dole) Rumsey; arrived on July 28, 1835, with his brother George to work in the shipping business owned by two of their uncles, Walter L. Newberry and George W. Dole; 1839 City Directory: clerk, Newberry & Dole; 1843 and 1844 City Directories: clerk at Newberry and Dole, res at G.W. Dole`s; married Martha Ann (NY Apr. 3, 1823-Apr. 20, 1866), daughter of John B. Turner, on July 31, 1848 in Chicago; son George Dole was born on May 20, 1849. The brothers took over the business in 1854. On the Board of Trade several years, Julian became its president in 1858; on Apr. 15, 1861, he became the 25th mayor of Chicago; in 1870 became the president of the Corn Exchange Bank and lived in Chicago until at least 1879. The couple had eight other surviving children: Amelia Vernon (Aug. 11, 1850-Apr. 23, 1877), Martha Turner (Jan. 4, 1852-), Juliette Kinzie (Feb. 19, 1885-), Julian Magill (Oct. 14, 1856-), Ada Williams (Dec. 5, 1856-), John Turner (Jan. 15, 1859-), Elizabeth Theodora (Aug. 8, 1860-) and Emily Sheldon (Sept. 21, 1862-). Street name: Rumsey Avenue, at 8500 and 8700 S. [12, 435a] [351]

Runyon, Armstead  (Nov. 25, 1800-1875) born in Madison County, KY; oldest son of Michael and Nancy [née Blakewell] Runyon); is listed on the Peoria County Census of August 1830, within months of arriving with his family; signed the [see] Herrington Petition in December, 1831; served as corporal in Captain Seission’s company during the Black Hawk War; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; bought a claim and in 1836 laid out a plat for Runyontown – North Lockport or later Runyon`s Addition, Will County. Runyon moved to California in 1849, dying there in 1875. [319, 421a] [734]

Runyon, Mary (Polly)  see Kercheval, Lewis.

Rush Medical College  first Chicago medical school, named after Dr. Benjamin Rush, one of four physicians to sign the Declaration of Independence; brainchild of Dr. Daniel Brainard, who arrived in Chicago in 1835 or 1836; received its charter on March 2, 1837, two days before Chicago received its city charter, but the school did not open for instruction until 1843. Now it is part of Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center; street name: Rush Street (65 E). [12] [364]

Russel, Benjamin  voted in the election on Aug. 7, 1826.

Russell & Clift  partners of – Chicago’s 1st – “Chicago Book and Stationary Store” as advertied in Chicago Americanof Oct. 3, 1835 [see ad], who also held the exclusive franchise for Morrison’s Vegetable Pills, a patent medicine; an earlier ad listed available book titles, “[t]ogether with very superior Drawing paper, bristol board, gold leaf, very good; paper hangings, patent rulers, almanacs for 1836, drawing pencils, blank deeds, some on parchment paper; Mitchell’s new pocket maps of the United States, Illinois, and Indiana; pocket compasses, &c.; &c.;”; see Russell, Aaron and Clift, Benjamin H. [12] [221]

Russell & Mather Addition  also referred to as the North Branch Addition; in the spring of 1835 Gurdon S. Hubbard, together with Messrs. George Mather and Edward A. Russell, purchased for $5000 an 80 acre tract of land constituting the western half of the NW corner of Sect. 9, Twp. 39, bounded by Kinzie Street on the S, Jefferson Street on the E, Chicago Avenue on the N, and on the W ending just beyond Halsted Street; it shares its southern border with the Original Town and part of its eastern border with the Wabansia Addition. [705]

Russell, Aaron  from Boston; jointly with Benjamin H. Clift, he opened the “Chicago Book and Stationary [sic] Store”on Aug. 26, 1834, in the frame building belonging to Philo Carpenter on South Water Street between Wells and LaSalle, Carpenter using the western half for his drugstore; on Oct. 22, 1835, the partnership was dissolved, and Clift carried on alone. [12]

Russell, Capt. John B.F.  (1800-Jan. 3, 1861) from Massachusetts; entered West Point on May 9, 1814; became second lieutenant light artillery on July 24, 1818, and in June 1821 transferred to the Fifth Infantry and later on November 1 became a first lieutenant; was assistant quartermaster on Mar. 14, 1828, making captain on Apr. 23, 1830, and serving until October 13 that year. He arrived in Chicago on July 15, 1832, under the command of General Scott in conjunction with the Black Hawk War; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; remained and brought his family here in 1835; on detached service for the Indian Department of the U.S. government, he became the disbursing officer [with his office in John H. Kinzie’s store] for the transportation by wagon trains of 5000 Potawatomi from Chicago to Clay Co., MO, in 1835, in accordance with the 1833 treaty; working with [see] Christian B. Dobson, who had received the contract to furnish transportation, he advertised in September 1835, in both newspapers for 10 to 40 ox teams of two yoke each with which to remove the last of the Indians. Russell became co-owner, with George W. Doan, of the Saloon Building at the SE corner of Lake and Clark, built for them in 1836; the structure was used initially as the city hall from 1837 to 1842. Russell resigned from the army on June 22, 1837; 1839 City Directory: Captain U.S.A., corner of Indiana [now Grand] and North State streets; 1844 City Directory: land agent, Clark St., house at corner of Wolcott [now State] and Indiana [now Grand]; at his death in 1861 he left behind a wife and son. [12, 319, 326, 708]

Notice placed by Capt. Russell in the Chicago Democrat on Sept. 9, 1835:
Wanted, for the removal of the Indians.
FROM 10 to 40 OX TEAMS. The waggons to be strong and well made, with good canvass or cotton covers, to keep every thing within dry—to carry with it a bucket for tar or greese—to be supplied with an axe, or hatchet, hammer and nails. Each waggon to have two yoke of Oxen, to carry 1500 lbs. if required, and to travel daily twenty miles, if necessary.
A per diem allowance will be paid, commencing on the day the team is accepted, which will include all allowances, except to the teamsters, a pound of bread and meat will be issued and forage to the oxen. This allowance to continue until the arrival of the party at the country allotted to the Indians west, and a day’s pay for each twenty miles for their return to Chicago. The United States will not be responsible for any accident that may accrue.—The teamsters are implicitly to obey all reasonable orders and directions from the government agents. No teamster under 18 years of age will be accepted. It is reserved to the government agent in charge of the party, to discharge a team at any time by allowing him his return pay as above stipulated. Proposals to be made to the subscriber, at his office, in Col. John H. Kinzie’s store, on or before the 19th of September.
J.B.F. Russell,
Capt. U.S. Army, Military Disb’g Agent. 

Russell, Edward A.  a distant relative of G.S. Hubbard from Middletown, CT; worked for the American Fur Co. in 1818, and occasionally traveled to Chicago on business; visited again in 1833, and through Hubbard was alerted to the profit potential during the 1833–37 land boom. Hubbard then managed Russell’s substantial investments; the land that later became known as the [see] Russell & Mather Addition was originally entered under the names Russel, Mathers and Roberts. [705]

Russell, F.C.  in 1841 married Lucy, youngest daughter of [see] Judge Theophilus Smith of the Supreme Court of Illinois and his wife Clarissa Harlowe (née Rathbone); listed in the 1844 City Directory: res Mrs. Green`s.

Russell, Jacob  arrived late in 1836 from Middleton, CT, to manage the newly completed [see] City Hotel; in 1837, with [see] Theophilus S. Greenwood and Dr. E.S. Kimberly, he established a free school for all students; 1839 City Directory: City Hotel, Clark Street, NW corner with Randolph Street; listed similarly in the 1844 City Directory, the year the hotel was remodeled; he remained until 1846. [243, 351, 357] [506]

Russell, P.P.  a notice in the May 20, 1835, Chicago Democrat announced “connexion in business … closed” with William H. Brown, of Russell & Brown.

Russell, William  came to Fort Dearborn with the first contingent of soldiers in 1803, retired and settled; father-in-law of [see] James Leigh and partner of the Leigh farm on the south branch; his wife was Tess (?), and they were parents of daughter Martha and a son; their house [according to Eckert] was on the lake shore, just S of the Leigh House; all the Russells were killed at the 1812 Fort Dearborn massacre, the two males as members of the Chicago militia. A William Russell purchased land in Peoria in 1807, which supposedly had formerly belonged to Jean Baptiste Point de Sable; it is not known if this was the same William Russell. [12, 172a, 393c] [226]

Ryan, Edward George  (1810-1880) born in Ireland; came in 1835; attorney and counselor at law, 8 Clark St.; in 1840 he served as editor of the newly established Weekly Tribune; in 1842 moved to Racine, and in 1874, became chief justice of Wisconsin; died on Oct. 20, 1880. [12] [351]

Ryan, Thomas  purchased on Sept. 4, 1830, lot 2 in block 20 [see Maps, 1834, John S. Wright]; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; a legal notice appeared in the Chicago American on Aug. 5, 1837, involving a Thomas Ryan. [319]