Encyclopedia letter Y

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Y  not a letter in this context but an emblem for Chicago that was introduced near the end of the 19th century; for details, see Forks.

Yaeger, Joseph  cartographer of the 1822 map of Illinois, published in Philadelphia as part of A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas, Being A Guide To The History Of North And South America, And The West Indies … To The Year 1822 by H.C. Carey & I. Lea; often referred to as the Carey and Lea Map, but found in the map section of this web site as the Joseph Yaeger map. [342a]

Yager, Elizabeth  see Stone, Horatio O.

Yankees  nickname for natives or residents from any state east of Ohio, used in Chicago as early as 1831. [734]

York Township Cemetery  originally the Torode Cemetery, located on the W bank of Salt Creek, W of York Road and N of 22nd Street in [now] Oak Brook; in 1845 [see] Nicolas Torode, Sr. chose a favored tract of rich land as a burial ground for himself and others, land belonging to his son Peter; because no money was exchanged before the father`s death in October 1845, Peter and his wife Maria established the cemetery by donation, and on Aug. 7, 1848 the tract of 4.46 acres was deeded to the County Commissioners of Du Page County, IL, in trust for the use of the People of the State of Illinois; later Peter Torode added more land to the cemetery and for an access road, and changed the name to York Cemetery. On June 7, 1928 the County Commissioners gave a quit claim deed to the York Cemetery Association and in 1939 the burial grounds became Butler Cemetery; by 1958, with excavation for the Tri-State toll road and the incorporation of Oak Brook, all skeletal remains and grave artifacts were removed to cemeteries in surrounding suburbs. [280a, 415] [487a]

Yoste, Bernard  see Joste, Bernard.

You, Pierre  (1658-1718) also Hion, Hyou; later went under the name “You de la Découverte”; trader and soldier; accompanied La Salle in his explorations, once as a member of La Salle`s expedition to the mouth of the Mississippi, passing through the Chicago portage in January 1682 on the way south; signed procès-verbal of claiming Louisiane for France, 1682; married in April 1693 at Chicagou a Miami woman, Elisabeth: – Chicago’s 1st – marriage. By Elisabeth he had a daughter, Marie Anne, who married Jean Baptiste Richard at Montreal in 1718. You leased Ile-aux-Tourtres at the confluence of Ottawa and St. Lawrence rivers, from Governor Vaudreuil and carried on a largely clandestine and unregulated trade in furs and liquor, under the governor’s protection; became a wealthy and powerful trader. [205 {1: 573, 2: 672-73}, 486a] [649]

Young Chicago  for the May 24, 1875 Chicago Daily Tribune article of “Young Chicago” see the entry on Benton, Colbee Chaimberlain, the author.

Young Men’s Temperance Society  organized on Dec. 19, 1835; Thomas Wright was chosen as president, H. Markoe and H. Crocker as vice presidents, J.A. Dunn as corresponding secretary, R. Wilkinson as recording secretary, and J.A. Harding, B.H. Clift, and W.G. Austin were chosen as directors.

Young Tiger  schooner, arrived in 1826 and attempted unsuccessfully to enter the Chicago River.

Young, George  a notice in the Chicago Democrat of Dec. 30, 1835, announced the marriage of George Young and Mary Mahaffy.

Young, Richard Montgomery  (1798-1861) born in Kentucky; moved to Jonesboro, IL, and was admitted to the bar in 1817; was elected to the IL House of Representatives in 1820; served as a judge of the 3rd Judicial Court, 1825-1827; commissioned judge in the 5th circuit (entire state N of Illinois River) from January 1829 to 1837; first district judge for the state to hold court in Chicago, at Fort Dearborn in 1831 and in John Kinzie’s house the following year; traveled from Galena to Chicago in the spring of 1832 in the company of [see] the attorneys James Strode and Benjamin Mills, and alerted the Chicago community to the hostile intentions of the Indians that he and his party had observed along the way—the Black Hawk War had begun; was listed among “500 Chicagoans” on the census which Commissioner Thomas J.V. Owen took prior to the incorporation of Chicago as a town in early August 1833; from 1837 to 1843 he served as U.S. Senator and became a justice of the Illinois Supreme Court in 1843 until 1847; was commissioner of the General Land Office in Washington City, 1849-1849, and clerk of the U.S. House until 1851. Judge Caton remembers him as a good fiddle player, in addition to his judicial talents; died in Washington City [now Washington, D.C.]. [13, 319, 714] [37]

Young, William  arrived in 1834 and served as a volunteer fireman on the first engine company. [12]